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Welcome! APNIC Training Proposal for the collaborative development of a common Internet educational curriculum APAN 23 26 January 2007 Manila Cecil Goldstein [email protected] Overview:

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Welcome apnic training l.jpg

Welcome!APNIC Training

Proposal for the collaborative development of a common Internet educational curriculum

APAN 2326 January 2007

Manila

Cecil [email protected]


Overview l.jpg
Overview:

This presentation seeks to propose an initiative for collaboration between APNIC and educational institutions in the AP region to develop, maintain, share and deliver teaching material about the structure, operation and current state of the Internet.


Agenda l.jpg
Agenda

  • Background and motivation

  • About APNIC

  • Relevant topics in operational Internet education

  • Advantages and benefits

  • Operational model

  • Invitation


Background and motivation l.jpg
Background and motivation

  • The Internet today

  • The tasks and difficulties facing educationalists

  • Views on the state of Internet knowledge taught

  • Response and motivation


The internet today l.jpg
The Internet today

  • Dynamic

  • Evolving

  • Devolving

  • Esoteric

  • Commercially driven

  • Conflicting views

  • Jurisdiction and legalities

  • Governance

  • Technologies

  • Exposed

  • Targetted

  • A resource, a source, a repository


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The problem for educationalists

  • In the face of this constantly changing and evolving Internet environment, educationalists are faced with the task of having to prepare future network professionals with both the theoretical concepts of internetworking as well as an understanding of the practical operation and functionality of the Internet as it currently applies.


The difficulties l.jpg
The difficulties:

  • Maintaining own currency

    • Technologies

    • Operation

    • Structure

    • Management and policy

  • Untangling the complexities

  • Knowing what to present

  • Sourcing and maintaining material

  • Practical exposure


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The current situation

  • This is not scientific!!!! Based on:

    • Own experience

    • Other’s experience

    • Anecdotal

    • Operator experience

    • Observed operational issues

  • Concepts, theories presented well

  • Practical knowledge of the structure, operation, management of the Internet is lacking

  • Students are lacking practical, relevant understanding


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Response and motivation

  • Reaction to some initial discussion has indicated that academics, students and those involved in the operation of the Internet clearly endorse the need to effectively provide such knowledge and understanding in teaching programs.

  • Improvement in Internet knowledge for network professionals will enhance

    • Productivity

    • Efficiency

    • Progress

    • Best Practice


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About APNIC

  • APNIC is ideally positioned to support such an initiative

    • AP organisation

    • Focussed on supporting Internet operation through supporting its members

    • Strong emphasis on training, education and outreach to also promote Internet development

    • Core resources

      • Members are Internet operators (ISPs, Telcos other NW operators)

      • Training and Education Unit

      • Remote access training lab

      • Strong ties and involvement with Internet management and leadership organisations

      • Close support from Internet technology subject specialists



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What is APNIC?

  • Regional Internet Registry (RIR)for the Asia Pacific Region

    • Regional authority for Internet Resource distribution

    • IP addresses (IPv4 and IPv6), AS numbers, in-addr.arpa delegation

  • Membership-based organisation

    • Established 1993

    • Non-profit, neutral and impartial

      Not operations forum

      Not standards development


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The RIR structure

  • Five RIRs today

    • Open

    • Transparent

    • Neutral and impartial

  • Addresses distributed fairly

    • Based on need

    • No discrimination

  • Not for profit membership organisation

    • Membership open to all interested parties

    • Bottom up, industry self-regulatory structure

  • Policies developed by industry at large

    • Through open policy processes


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What is the APNIC community?

  • Open forum in the Asia Pacific

    • Open to any interested parties

  • Voluntary participation

  • Decisions made based on consensus

  • Public meetings

  • Mailing lists

    • web archived


The apnic community l.jpg

APNIC Internet Community

APNIC Members

IETF

Individuals

ISOC

The APNIC community!

  • Open forum in the Asia Pacific

    • Open to any interested parties

Global Internet Community

APAN

NZNOG

PACNOG

ISP Associations

  • A voice in regional Internet operations through participation in APNIC


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APNIC structure

  • Industry self-regulatory structure

    • Participation by those who use Internet resources

    • Consensus-based decision making

      • Eg. Policy changes, db requirements etc

    • Open and transparent

  • Meetings and mailing lists

    • Open to anyone

      • http://www.apnic.net/meetings/22/index.html

    • http://www.apnic.net/community/lists/index.html


What does apnic do l.jpg

  • IPv4, IPv6, ASNs

  • Reverse DNS delegation

  • Resource registration

    • Authoritative registration server

      • whois

  • Facilitating the policy

  • development process

  • Implementing policy changes

Policy development

Resource service

Training & Outreach

  • APNIC meetings

  • Web and ftp site

  • Publications, mailing lists

  • Outreach seminars

  • http://www.apnic.net/community/lists/

Information dissemination

  • Training

    • Internet Resource management

    • Technical workshops and tutorials

  • Subsidised for members

    Schedule:

  • http://www.apnic.net/training

What does APNIC do?



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Why a policy?

  • Long term interests of the Internet requires prudent management of address space

  • While address management is not a pure “technical” issue, mismanaged management can severely impact Internet operation.

    • routing tables

    • filtering and accessibility

    • Imbalance of distribution


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Policy development

  • Industry self-regulatory process

    • Policy is developed by the AP Internet community to suit needs of region

    • Facilitated by RIR staff

  • Policy implementation

    • APNIC shares with its members and their customers a collective responsibility

      • RIR process

      • ISPs and other affected parties


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Policy Principles

  • Address space not freehold property

    • Understanding that globally unique address space is licensed for use – not owned

  • Routability not guaranteed

  • Minimum allocation is defined


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Participation in policy development

  • To be aware of the current policies for managing address space allocated.

  • Business reasons

    • Policies affect business operating environments and are constantly changing

    • Ensure ‘needs’ are met

  • Educational

    • Improve operational capabilities and practices

    • Learn and share experiences

    • Stay abreast with ‘best practices’ in the Internet

    • Facilitate Internet development


  • Policy development process23 l.jpg
    Policy Development Process

    OPEN

    Need

    Anyone can participate

    Evaluate

    Discuss

    ‘BOTTOM UP’

    TRANSPARENT

    Consensus

    Implement

    Internet community proposes and approves policy

    All decisions & policies documented & freely available to anyone


    The policy development process l.jpg
    The policy development process

    Need

    Discuss

    Consensus

    Implement

    Report

    to AMM

    ML

    discussion

    Meeting discussion

    Proposal

    (4 w before meeting)

    Consensus

    Consensus

    Consensus

    Comment period

    (8 weeks)

    Implementation

    (3 months)

    EC endorsement

    You can participate!

    More information about policy development can be found at:

    http://www.apnic.net/docs/policy/dev


    An operational education what can or should be taught l.jpg
    An operational education - what can or should be taught?

    • A curriculum can be developed to focus on the operational knowledge, understanding and capabilities a network professional should acquire to effectively function in the prevailing Internet environment


    Topics and issues some examples l.jpg
    Topics and Issues – some examples

    • While a curriculum would be the subject for collaborative development, there are a number of clearly defined areas that should be included:

    • Many of these may currently already be part of some courses.

    • However, the would still be scope to provide support, currency, consistency and operational input.


    Topics l.jpg
    Topics

    • Internet addressing

      • Issues

        • Classfull addressing still emphasised

        • Lack of understand of management and allocation policies

      • Topics

        • CIDR

        • Acquiring address space

        • Managing address space

        • Policies

    • Governance and policy

    • Legal issues


    Topics28 l.jpg
    Topics….

    • Operation

      • ISPs

      • Transit providers

      • IXs

    • Structure and connectivity

    • Peering

    • Multi-homing

    • IPv6 – its current state

    • Economics of the Internet


    Topics ctd l.jpg
    Topics ctd…….

    • Security concerns

      • Spam

      • Attacks

    • Security measures

      • Intrusion detection

      • Darknets

      • Bogon filtering

      • CA routing

      • Forensics

    • Root servers – mirroring and anycasting

    • Traffic engineering


    Topics ctd30 l.jpg
    Topics ctd…

    • Aggregation

      • Issues

        • Impact on routing and the routing table

    • Internet leadership and management Organisations

      • Roles and interrelationships eg:

        • ICANN/IANA, RIR structure, ISOC, IAB, IETF, IGF, Operator Groups (NOGs), APRICOT, APAN

    • Resources and Information

      • Routing report

      • CIDR report


    Advantages and benefits l.jpg
    Advantages and Benefits

    • Common, consistent and relevant material

    • Procedures for update and currency maintenance

    • Industry input

    • Modularity – shared development

    • Local emphasis

    • Local language support

    • Expert input and review

    • Professional development - preparatory workshops, seminars, guidance for teachers


    Possibilities l.jpg
    Possibilities

    • International funding

    • Vendor support

    • ISP internships

    • Participation in Internet forums,meetings

    • Operational experience

    • Affiliations and associations


    Outcomes l.jpg
    Outcomes

    The effective implementation of such a program would hopefully result in networking professionals entering the industry more prepared, aware and appropriately skilled, therefore enhancing Internet operation and development in the constituent communities


    Operational model suggestion only l.jpg
    Operational Model (suggestion only)

    • Initial mailing list for interested parties

    • Nominations to a working group

    • Development of curriculum and action plan

    • Establishment of working parties

      • Interaction with experts, operators, industry

      • Building of website, material store

      • Program for delivery and support


    Next steps invitation l.jpg
    Next steps….. Invitation

    • If you are interested, please email me at

      [email protected]

    • If you are interested in being involved in a working group, please indicate in your email

    Thank you!!


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