ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION. CORPORATE SAFETY TRAINING. 29 CFR 1904. WELCOME. YOUR INSTRUCTOR. COURSE OBJECTIVES. NOTE.
CORPORATE SAFETY TRAINING
29 CFR 1904
This Course Is Designed to Introduce Basic Skills in Accident Investigation. Root cause analysis and statistical evaluation of accidents can be very complex. This course is designed for the majority of cases that can be diagnosed rapidly and where outside assistance is not normally required.
THE GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE
FEDERAL - 29 CFR 1903.1
EMPLOYERS MUST: Furnish a place of employment free of recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees. Employers must comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
OSHA ACT OF 1970
IDENT INVESTIGATIONAPPLICABLE REGULATIONS
29CFR - SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS
1904 - RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS
ANSI - Z16.2 - 1995
INFORMATION MANAGEMENT FOR
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
ANSI - Z16.3 - 1994
INJURY STATISTICS, EMPLOYEE OFF THE
JOB INJURY EXPERIENCE RECORDING
OSHA CIVIL PENALTIES POLICY
BEFORE MARCH 1, 1991:
VIOLATION NARRATIVE: TEN (10) EMPLOYEES WERE NOTED NOT WEARING EYE PROTECTION IN AREAS WHERE A REASONABLE PROBABILITY OF EYE INJURY COULD OCCUR.
AS OF MARCH 1, 1991:
CHANGES IN PENALTY COMPUTATION:
1. PENALTIES BROKEN OUT INDIVIDUALLY.
2. PENALTIES INCREASED SEVEN FOLD.
ALL EMPLOYERS MUST:
Maintain a healthier work force.
Reduce injury and illness rates.
Acceptance of high-turnover jobs.
Workers feel good about their work.
Reduce workers’ compensation costs.
Elevate SAFETY to a higher level of awareness.
STATISTICSACCIDENT INVESTIGATION IS IMPORTANT
A GOOD PROGRAM WILL HELP:
“It is estimated that in the United States, 97% of the money spent for medical care is directed toward treatment of an illness, injury or disability. Only 3% is spent on prevention.”
Self-Help Manual For Your Back
H. Duane Saunders, MSPT
by Educational Opportunities
MANAGEMENT COMMITMENTPROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROGRAM REQUIRES:
UNDERSTANDING AND SUPPORT FROM THE WORK FORCE
IS ESSENTIAL, WITHOUT IT THE PROGRAM WILL FAIL!
HAZARD PREVENTION AND CONTROLKEY PROGRAM ELEMENTS
JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS
SYSTEMATIC SITE ANALYSIS
ETYKEY PROGRAM ELEMENTS(Continued)
REGULAR PROGRAM ACTIVITY
TOP MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT
PERIODIC PROGRAM REVIEW AND EVALUATIONKEY PROGRAM ELEMENTS(Continued)
OPTIMIZATION OF WORK PRACTICES
THIS POINTKEY PROGRAM ELEMENTS(Continued)
PERIODICALLY REVIEWEDWRITTEN PROGRAM
Encourage employee involvement.
Bring employee complaints, suggestions, or
concerns to the attention of management.
Feedback without fear of reprisal should be provided.
Analyze statistical data concerning accidents, and make recommendations for corrective action.
Follow-up is critical.
Job hazard analysis assessments.
Review of results of facility evaluations.
Up-to-date records of job improvements tried or implemented.
Before and after surveys/evaluations of job/worksite changes.PROGRAM REVIEW AND EVALUATION
EVALUATION TECHNIQUES INCLUDE:
Multiple Causation Theory.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
The occurrence of an injury invariably results from a completed sequence of factors, the last one of these being the injury itself. The accident which caused the injury is in turn invariably caused or permitted directly by the unsafe act of a person and/or a mechanical or physical hazard.
The unsafe condition: A defective ladder.
The corrective action 1: Replace the ladder.
The corrective action 2: Forbid use of ladder.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Factors combined in random fashion to cause accidents.
Was he or she reminded not to use it?
Did the employee know not to use it?
Why did the supervisor allow its use?
Did the supervisor examine the job first?
Why was the defective ladder not found?ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Defeating safety devices.
Failure to secure or warn.
Operating without authority.
Working on moving equipment.
Taking an unsafe position or posture.
Operating or working at an unsafe speed.
Unsafe loading, placing, mixing, combining.
Failure to use personal protective equipment.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Unsafe dress or apparel.
Hazardous arrangement.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Lack of required skill.
Intoxication (alcohol, drugs).
Lack of required knowledgeACCIDENT CAUSATION
Lack of knowledge or skill.
Physical or mental impairmentACCIDENT CAUSATION
Fall on same level.
Fall to different level.
Caught in, on, or between.
Contact with - heat or cold.
Contact with - electric current.
Inhalation, absorption, ingestion, poisoning.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Nature of injury.
Source of the injury.
Location of accident.
Affected part of body.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Name of supervisor.
Length of time on job.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
2. Obtain the injured worker’s report (if possible).
3. Obtain reports from witnesses, if any.
4. Investigate the accident.
5. Record all the facts.
6. Assess the specifics of the accident.
7. Correlate the specifics with known trends.
8. Determine a course of action to take.
9. Assign responsibility for corrective action.
10. Follow-up as required.ACCIDENT CAUSATION
Determine contributing causes.
Develop strategies for corrective action.
Establish a timetable for corrective action.
Assign responsibility for corrective actions.CONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION
STATISTICSCONDUCTING THE INVESTIGATION
FORMULATING CONTROL MEASURES
THE GREATEST DEFICIENCY IN ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION IS LACK OF COMPETENT FOLLOW-UP!
INCIDENCE RATE CALCULATION: Incidence rates can be calculated by counting the incidences and reporting the recordable injuries per 100 full time workers per year per facility.
(NUMBER OF NEW CASES X 200,000*)
NUMBER OF HOURS WORKED/FACILITY/YEARINCIDENCE RATES
* 200,000 = Approximate annual work hours for 100 workers per facility.
* The same method can be applied to departments production lines, or
job types with each facility.
Discomfort, Fatigue, Aches & Pains
Injuries & Illnesses, Work Restrictions
Absenteeism, Turnover, Complaints,
Poor Performance, Poor Vigilance
Accidents, Production Problems,
Poor Quality, Scrap/ReworkJOB DESIGN
GOOD JOB DESIGN
GOOD JOB DESIGN
Economic Loss, Loss in Earning Power,
Loss in Quality of Life, Pain & Suffering
Economic Loss, Loss in Expertise,
Compensation Costs, Damaged Goods
OF A SUCCESSFUL PROGRAM
1. DETAILED WRITTEN REPORTS.
2. DETAILED WRITTEN PROCEDURES
3. EXTENSIVE EMPLOYEE TRAINING PROGRAMS
4. PERIODIC REINFORCEMENT OF TRAINING
5. DISCIPLINED PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
Training is the key to success in managing safety in the work environment. Attitude is also a key factor in maintaining a safe workplace. Safety is, and always will be a team effort, safety starts with each individual employee and concludes with everyone leaving at the end of the day to rejoin their families.
Patricia A. Ice