Treating heart failure. First talk in series of 3. Common causes of chronic heart failure. Myocardial dysfunction: Hypertension Ischaemic heart disease. The cardiomyopathies (e.g. alcohol). Valvular heart disease Stenosis Incompetence. High output states.
First talk in series of 3
These actions increase heart work by raising the peripheral resistance (afterload).
This action increases heart work by raising the venous return (pre-load).
Angina and CCF (the intravenous form is used in acute CCF.