THE BAROQUE. The Baroque 1600-1750. Comparison of Renaissance and Baroque styles A simplification of musical style: polyphonic to homophonic Two most important developments in the Baroque opera pure orchestral music Many composers of the Italian Baroque were violinists
The most illustrious of several violin makers in the Bergonzi family was Carlo, born in Cremona, Italy, in 1683 (d. 1747). Carlo Bergonzi apprenticed under Hieronymus Amati (father of the great Nicolo), worked with Joseph Guarneri, and finally became the greatest pupil of Antonio Stradivari, whose workshop he inherited. His instruments are greatly esteemed and often are compared to those of his masters, but in general they are not considered as fine.
Italian singer, composer, and lutenist. Taken to Florence by Cosimo I de' Medici, c. 1565. Sang in 1579 at festivities for wedding of Francesco de' Medici and Bianca Cappello. One of members of Count Giovanni de Bardi's Camerata, some of his music was included in Peri's Euridice to Rinuccini's libretto which he then also set in 1600. From 1595 to 1600 worked in Genoa, returning to Florence 1600 on receiving commission to compose opera Il rapimento di Cefalo, performed in Florence 1600 for wedding of Maria de' Medici to Henri IV of France. Visited Paris 1603 and 1604-1605 at invitation of Maria de' Medici. His daughter Francesca was a celebrated singer.
1 double harp
2 bass citterns
3 bass gambas
2 organs with wood pipes
1 organ with reed pipes
2 small violins
A 10 string ensemble (violins, violas, cellos)
2 contrabass viols
1 high recorder
1 high trumpet
3 soft trumpetsOrfeo may well be the first great experiment in orchestration