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School Librarians and Student Performance . Elizabeth Lee Queen’s University adapted from Keith Curry Lance Library Research Service Colorado State Library & University of Denver. Outline. A school librarian’s job description

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School librarians and student performance

School Librarians and Student Performance

Elizabeth Lee Queen’s University

adapted from Keith Curry Lance

Library Research Service

Colorado State Library &

University of Denver


Outline
Outline

  • A school librarian’s job description

  • Research on the impact of school librarians on academic achievement

  • What we know from this research, or

    5 roles for empowering school librarians

  • Uses of the 5 roles


A librarian s job description from a recent e mail
A Librarian’s Job Description (from a recent e-mail)

I …

  • Order and catalog books

  • Check books in and out

  • Re-shelve books

  • Tend library computers

  • Teach keyboarding

  • Chair the book fair


Is anything missing
Is Anything Missing?

  • What activities that you associate with a school librarian were not on that list?

  • What activities that are on that list do you not associate with a school librarian?


An empowered and empowering school librarian is
An empowered and empowering school librarian is

a school leader

a program administrator

an information navigator

a technology facilitator

a collaborative teacher and learner


The research that backs it up
The Research That Backs It Up

  • Since 2000

  • At least 5 teams of researchers

  • More than 12 U.S. states

  • Data on over 4,000 schools—all levels, all sizes—and their communities

  • Building-level summary test scores representing over 1 million students


Key research findings
Key Research Findings

  • Links between

    • Academic achievement (represented by scores on standards-based state tests of reading/ language arts skills) and

    • library staffing levels, librarian activities, collection size, technology integration, library usage

  • Schools with stronger school library programs average 10-20% higher test scores


More findings
More Findings …

  • Controlling for key school and community differences, library still explains 3-8% of test score variation

  • Poverty explains away other school and community differences—like the teacher-pupil ratio, per pupil spending, and parents’ education—but not the impact of school libraries


What Works: Research about Teaching and Learning through the School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993

  • Development of research and study skills is most effective when integrated with classroom instruction and partnered by teacher and teacher-librarian.

  • Students learn best when units of study emphasize both subject matter and information seeking and use together.

  • Units are best when co-planned and co-implemented with teacher-librarian and teacher.


The power of reading s krashen 2004
The Power of Reading, S. Krashen, 2004 School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993

  • Voluntary reading is the best predictor of reading comprehension, vocabulary growth, spelling, grammar, and writing style.

  • Access to school libraries results in more voluntary reading.

  • Teacher-librarian makes a difference in amount of voluntary reading.

  • Larger collection and long hours increase circulation and amount read.


Keith curry lance research 1993 2003
Keith Curry Lance,Research 1993-2003 School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993

  • Reading scores increase when: information literacy (IL) integrated with curriculum; IL taught by teacher-librarian; networked computers with databases and Internet in library and classroom.

  • Students perform better when library staff actively involved with curriculum.

  • Students with higher standardized test scores come from well-staffed libraries with larger collections, regardless of socio-economic factors.


Donna baumbach the florida study making the grade 2003
Donna Baumbach School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993The Florida Study: Making the Grade, 2003

  • Students performed 20% higher or better on state reading tests where schools had:

  • a teacher-librarian

  • existing IL curriculum

  • school website

  • large book collection and many magazines.

  • See http://www.sunlink.ucf.edu/makingthegrade/ for the complete study.


Ross todd and carol kuhlthau ohio study student learning through ohio school libraries 2004
Ross Todd and Carol Kuhlthau School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993Ohio Study: Student Learning Through Ohio School Libraries, 2004

  • 99.4% of students in grades 3 - 12 believe school libraries and their services help them become better learners.

  • 88.5% of those surveyed said the library helps them get better grades on assignments and projects

  • Students and educators alike believe that school libraries are key to learning.

  • See http://www.oelma.org/studentlearning/ for the complete study.


Secret to a strong school library program
Secret to a Strong School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993School Library Program

  • An Empowered—and Empowering—School Librarian

    What does that mean? …

  • Let’s talk about the 5 roles of a school librarian…


A school librarian is a school leader
A school librarian is a School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993school leader

  • Someone who has the education, training and credentials required to be a leader in the job

  • Someone who regularly…

    • meets with the principal,

    • attends faculty meetings,

    • serves on key committees, and

    • meets with other library staff


A school librarian is a program administrator
A school librarian is a School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993program administrator

  • An effective manager of a school library program that is adequately staffed, stocked, and funded

    • Requires planning, budgeting, reporting, and evaluation

  • Someone who works with students and teachers on a flexible schedule

    • Requires support staff


A school librarian is an information navigator
A school librarian is an School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993information navigator

  • A selector of print, non-print, and electronic resources that support the school’s curriculum and the provincial standards

  • Someone who teaches others how to be information literate—i.e., to recognize an information need and to locate, evaluate, and apply information in critical thinking to solve a problem


A school librarian is a technology facilitator
A school librarian is a School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993technology facilitator

  • Someone who selects licensed databases and identifies authoritative free websites

  • Someone who bridges gaps between students and teachers, online information, and curriculum and instruction


A school librarian is a collaborative teacher and learner
A school librarian is a School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993collaborativeteacher and learner

  • A teacher of students who collaborates with classroom teachers in design and delivery of instruction

  • A teacher of other teachers who creates more self-reliant users of information resources and technology

  • A colleague who attends local library staff meetings and provincial and national conferences regularly


Once more an empowered and empowering school librarian is
Once more … School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993An empowered and empowering school librarian is …

  • a school leader

  • a program administrator

  • an information navigator

  • a technology facilitator

  • a collaborative teacher and learner


How does your school stack up
How Does Your School Stack Up? School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993

  • Is your school librarian empowered by the administration to perform these 5 roles?

  • Does your school librarian empower other teachers and students to succeed?

  • What more can your school do to enable its librarian to perform all 5 roles?


Uses of 5 roles for empowering school librarians
Uses of 5 Roles for Empowering School Librarians School's Library Resource Centre, Ken Haycock 1993

  • Setting school goals

  • Establishing a teaching-learning environment (a climate of collaboration, the value of information literacy skills)

  • Writing the librarian’s job description

  • Hiring a new librarian


  • “Growing your own” librarian, or cultivating leadership and excellence

  • Planning and budgeting for the library program

  • Establishing performance expectations of the librarian

  • Evaluating the library and librarian (if it’s broken, don’t throw it away; fix it!)

  • Continuing education for current library staff

  • In-service training for all school staff


For more information
For more information… and excellence

  • Toronto District School Board. (2004). Improving Student [email protected] library: School library handbook for Administrators. Toronto: Toronto District School Board. (Canadian)

  • Ken Haycock. What Works: Research about Teaching and Learning through the School's Library Resource Centre, 1993. (Canadian)

  • Visit http://www.LRS.org/impact.asp



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