November the 13th, 2008 ROAD PRICING IN FRANCE ONTARIO’S ROAD PRICING FORUM Toronto, ON, CANADA Nicolas MERY Road concessions contract manager General Direction for Infrastructure, Transport and The Sea Ministry for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development & Regional Planning
ONTARIO’S ROAD PRICING FORUM
Toronto, ON, CANADA
Nicolas MERYRoad concessions contract manager
General Direction for Infrastructure, Transport and The Sea
Ministry for Ecology, Energy,
Sustainable Development & Regional Planning
1 - French experience of toll concessions and PPPs
1.1 - Historical overview of the French concession system
1.2 – New PPP contracts
2 - Road pricing practices on toll motorways in France
2.1 - General principles of road pricing on toll motorways in France
2.2 - Variable tolling experimentations
3 - Looking to the future
Free Urban Motorways
National Gov. Operated
Free Intercity Motorways
National Gov. Operated
Privately operated Toll Motorways
- The State owns the National Motorway System including the toll highways.
- The State has power to realize road concession within the main transportation network.
-The State monitors the execution and issue authorisation to commission motorways.
- Road concessionaire is vested with rights and duties of the State according to DBFOM(*) formula of the infrastructure.
- Road concessionaire is responsible for all risk and perils of the concession (including risk linked to traffic).
- Global concession contract.
- 5 years-term objective contract
(*) : Design, Build, Finance, Operate and Maintain.
- Any new motorway section was automatically granted to the local “concessionnaire” : local monopolistic companies.
-Construction of new sections was financed by revenues from stretches already in operation : cross- subzidation process.
- The European “public work directive” of 1991 : awarding of motorway concession is subject to obligation of prior publication and respect of equality between candidates
- Law « Sapin » of 1993 : any new section must be economically viable on its own.
The Millau viaduct has been conceded to CEVM in 2003. It has been financed solely on private funds. It is the highest motorway viaduct in the world (343m).
19601.1 – Historical overview of the French concession system
complexity or urgency
Road projects selected by the Government as potential road PPPs in October 2005 :
Preliminary evaluation process achieved
Preliminary evaluation process in progress
- Class 1 : cars
- Class 2 : trailers
- Class 3 : HGVs with less than 3 axle
- Class 4 : HGVs with 3 axle or more
- Class 5 : motos
- 2,144,000 pass holders ;
- 320 M of transactions ;
- 167 transaction / pass /year.
ETC spreads all over the motorway network.
But legislation does not give the opportunity to remove barriers from the toll plaza.
- Limited in time and space.
- Revenues should be even.
- Car : 13.80€
- HGVs : 40.70€
A1 (Autoroute du Nord) links Paris to Lille and Northern Europe.
Most frequented motorway in France (3M of transaction – 90.000 veh/day on the Paris suburbs section )
- « Green » : 2.30PM to 4.30PM with a 25% discount on the regular fare.
- « Red » : 8.30PM to 11.30 PM , price increase to 25%.
- stability of this system.
- trafic report are estimated up to 10 % (2.000 veh. per « red » period).
- The A14 motroway is the only urban toll motorway in Ile-de- France. It links the buisines district of La Defense to the west surbubs of Paris ;
- It supports a commuting traffic and is exposed to congestion on peak hours (8.000 veh/hours).
- Cars : 7.10 €, reduced to 5€ between 10 AM to 4PM and 8PM to 6AM – Monday to Friday.
- HGVs : 33.60 € reduced to 23.70 € between 10 AM to 4PM and 8PM to 6AM – Monday to Friday.
- Free for carpoolers (at least 3 persons in the vehicule).
A nation-wide forum, the so-called “Grenelle for the Environment”, was initiated by the government between July and October 2007.
The law voted at first reading on October the 21st, 2008, define key points of governemental policy on ecological and sustainable developpement issues for the next 5 years.
Web site : www.legrenelle-environnement.fr
The Minister of State, Mr BORLOO, on october the 21st, 2008.
- Reducing gaz emission linked to transportation.
- Developping a comprehensive and multimodal approach.
- Non stop tolls and variable tolls experimentation on conceded highways.
- Creation of “Ecotax” based on mileage payable for HGVs using the non-concessionary network.
- Design new variable tolling experimentation.
- Free flow experimentations on their tolling system.
- Aim is to reduce congestion.
- Revenues must be even.
- Experimentation have to be conducted on significant scales.
- Conclusions of the on-going sensibility-tests should be known early 2009.
ASF on the A7 : toll plaza of Lançon-de-Provence, which support more than 140,000 vehicles on peak days.
ESCOTA on the A8 : toll plaza of Antibes, located on the daily congestionned bypass of Nice
by early November 2008
on October the 21st 2008
in december 2008
by mid january 2009
in the course of 2011