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Prime Reference: IS/DPAO.947.PFP Workshop on Defence Policy and Strategy“Cooperative Security in the Euro-Atlantic Area and the Changing Functions of Security Sector Reform: Thinking Anew About Prospects for Cooperations”Geneva, Switzerland, 30 September – 1 October 2002Security Reform: A Strategic Building Blockby Stephen Petrie,Directorate of Policy Planning Ministry of Defence, the United Kingdom


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Security Sector Reform

A STRATEGIC

BUILDING BLOCK

Stephen Petrie MODUK

Directorate of Policy Planning


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Introduction

  • Security Sector Reform Assistance

    • Changing perspectives

    • Component of a wider response

    • UK Approaches to Delivery

    • Defence contribution


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SSR - A UK Definition

  • Conduct of security according to democratic norms which are both internationally and locally acceptable.

  • Scope

    • Behavior of security sector actors

    • Relationship with civil society

    • Management processes


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SSR - Traditional UK Views

  • Two Perspectives

    • Development - Poverty reduction

    • Defence - Confidence building

“A badly managed Security Sector hampers development, discourages investment and helps to perpetuate poverty.”

“To dispel hostility, build and maintain trust and assist in the development of democratically accountable armed forces.”


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New UK Perspective

  • SSR - International Security Perspective

    UK Security Sector Reform Strategy, 2002

“A well-managed and competent security sector enhances stability and reduces the risk of conflict, both internal and external”


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New UK Perspective - Why?

  • 11 September 2001

    • International terrorist capabilities

    • Failed states - terrorist bases

  • UK Strategic Defence Review - A New Chapter

    • Re-evaluate Asymmetric threat

    • Outline balanced Strategic response

    • Identify Defence capability requirements


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Strategic Response

  • Defence focus on symptoms

    PreventionDeterrenceCoercionDisruptionDestruction

  • Need to treat causes as well

    • Political oppression

    • Social exclusion

    • Economic disadvantage

  • SSR & poor governance

    • causal factor

    • terrorist opportunities


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SSR - The UK Approach to Delivery

  • SSR - Conflict Prevention Strategies

    • Regional

      • Afghanistan

      • Balkans

      • East Timor

    • SSR Strategy

      • UK Policy Analysis

      • Targetted Technical Assistance

      • Multilateral engagement


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SSR - The UK Approach to Delivery

  • SSR - Conflict Prevention Strategies

    • Perspectives mixed

  • Development

  • Confidence-building

  • International Security

  • East Timor

  • Balkans

  • Afghanistan


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SSR - The Defence Contribution

  • Management of Defence

    • Defence Assistance Team

    • Civilian Defence Advisers

    • Training & Education

  • Armed Forces

    • Military Advisers

    • Military Assistance Training Teams

    • Training & Education


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    Conclusion

    • One component in a broad strategic response

      • multi-sectoral

      • multilateral

    • Focus on prevention - addressing:

      • causes

      • opportunities

    • Specific Defence Contribution


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