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New Technology: Gadgets & Trends David Bott Manager, IT & Networks St. Catharines Public Library Gadgets Digital Content MP3, MP4, WMA, WMV, AAC, FLV, OGG, DivX What is it & where do I get it? Web 2.0 – The Interactive Web Blogs, Wikis & RSS Podcasting Social Networks www.facebook.com

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New Technology:Gadgets & Trends

David Bott

Manager, IT & Networks

St. Catharines Public Library



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Digital Content

  • MP3, MP4, WMA, WMV, AAC, FLV, OGG, DivX

  • What is it & where do I get it?


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Web 2.0 – The Interactive Web

  • Blogs, Wikis & RSS

  • Podcasting

  • Social Networks

    • www.facebook.com

    • www.myspace.com

    • www.secondlife.com

  • Cool Applications

    • Picasa

    • Google Earth



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Gadgets: Memory

  • Memory Storage

    • Floppy disks are slow, low-capacity (1.44 MB) and unreliable

  • USB Thumb Drives

    • Faster, higher capacity & more reliable

    • Replacing floppy disks and CD-R / DVD-R

  • New generation of USB drives

    • U3 and PortableApps.com

    • Applications run right from the drive

  • Cameras, MP3 Players, Phones

    • Require storage for content

      • Compact Flash

      • SD Cards

      • MMC


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USB Thumb Drive with U3

  • Stores data & applications

    • Office applications & documents

    • E-mail, browser & bookmarks

    • Passwords, anti-virus

    • Free & commercial applications

  • U3

    • Proprietary software pre-installed on certain models

  • PortableApps.com

    • Free alternative that you can install on any USB drive


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Digital Cameras

  • Point-and-shoot

  • Digital SLR

  • Get that perfect shot

    • Instantly preview every shot

  • Edit & print your own digital pictures

  • Make digital movies

  • Post pictures online

    • Flickr.com

    • MyPhotoAlbum.com

    • Facebook.com

    • Weblogs (aka “blog”)


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MP3 Players

  • iPod, Zune, Zen, Yepp

  • Purchase & download music from online music stores

    • iTunes, AOL Radio, Puretracks.com

    • Rip from your own CDs

  • Download free content

    • Podcasts, vidcasts


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Digital Video Recorders & Players

  • Not your father’s VCR

    • Pause & rewind “live” TV

  • Appliances:

    • TiVo*, AppleTV

    • ExpressVu PVR

    • Cogeco DVR

    • Sony, Panasonic, Phillips

  • PC-Based:

    • MythTV,

    • Windows MCE

  • Portable

    • iPod, Archos

    • Cell phones

    • Sony PSP


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GPS Devices

  • Global Positioning System

    • System of 24 GPS satellites

    • Device uses Trilateration

  • Various Implementations

    • Factory-installed devices for cars

    • After-market installations

    • Portable Units

  • Software & USB GPS Receiver

    • Laptops, Palm Pilots & iPAQs


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PDA – Personal Digital Assistant

  • PocketPC, Palm Pilot & even Linux E-mail & Internet

  • Address Book

  • Calendar

  • Task List

  • Applications

    • Word processing

    • Spreadsheets

  • Media

    • Audio & Video

  • Digital Camera


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Fun & Games

  • For the serious gamers:

    • Sony PSP

    • Nintendo DS

  • Some devices have:

    • Built-in web-browsers

    • Wireless

    • Media Player for movies and music


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Cell Phones - Convergence

  • One device to do it all!

  • Krzr, Blackberry, iPhone

    • Phone

    • Audio & Voice Recording

    • Video & Pictures

    • Internet

    • E-mail

    • PDA

    • Camera

    • Games


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Wireless Technology

  • 802.11 a/b/g/n

    • Computers, PDAs

    • WLAN - 30m up to 100m

    • 11 Mbps, 54 Mbps, 108 Mbps+

  • Bluetooth

    • Keyboards, mice, headsets, cell phones

    • PAN - 10m

  • CDMA & GSM

    • Cell phones

    • PC Cards (for laptops)

    • Must be in digital coveragearea for enhanced services


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Digital Content

  • How do I get it?

  • Subscribe (RSS - Push)

    • Requires RSS Reader

    • RSS Owl, Sage

  • iTunes (Download – Pull)

  • Direct from website (twit.tv)

  • Some content is free

  • Some is paid


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Web 2.0 – The Next Generation

  • Interactive Websites

    • Slashdot.org

    • Digg.com

  • Social Networking

    • MySpace.com

    • Facebook.com

    • SecondLife.com

  • User-Created Content

    • YouTube.com

  • Dynamic & Customizable Content

    • iGoogle.com

  • Mash-ups


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Mash-ups?

  • Many developers publish their API:

    • Google Maps, Amazon

    • Can provide maps for real estate listings, restaurants, etc.

  • Combining content from different sites or services into a new site:

    • maps.google.com

    • MTO camera feed

  • Mash ‘em up

    • Up-to-date traffic information with pictures

http://toronto.ibegin.com/traffic/




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Blogs, Wikis & Podcasting

  • Blogs

    • “Web logs”, online journals

    • Amateurs to professionals (Anderson Cooper, Rick Mercer)

  • Wikis

    • Websites that allow visitors to add, edit and delete content

    • Great for collaborative authoring

    • Wikipedia.org

  • Podcasting

    • User generated audio or video content

    • Resides at a unique web feed address

    • Users can subscribe to content


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Cool Applications

  • Google Earth

    • Hi-res sat images

    • Layers of data

      • Roads

      • Parks

      • Restaurants

      • Landmarks

      • Terrain

      • Etc.

  • Picasa

    • Organize photos

  • Widgets

    • Floating Desktop Icons

      • Weather

      • News

      • Stocks

      • Clocks

      • Photos


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Operating Systems

  • Microsoft is Dominant on the Desktop

    • Security has always been an issue

    • Viruses, Worms & Spyware

  • Apple has a small niche market

    • Very secure

  • Linux is another alternative

    • And it’s free!*

    • Free as in beer and free as in speech

    • Dell has recently started offering Ubuntu on their systems


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Windows XP

  • Dominant desktop OS at present

  • Most hardware and software support

  • Security** is an issue

    • Most users run as “admin”

    • Can be made secure


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Mac OSX

  • Innovative Graphics & Features

    • Aqua & Quartz

    • The Dock

    • Widgets

    • Exposé

  • Better Security**

    • LUA

    • Few viruses

    • Built on BSD

  • Inter-operable with Windows


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Windows Vista

  • “Eye Candy”

    • Aero Glass

    • Sidebar and Gadgets

  • Improved Security (LUA)**

  • Hardware and Software Compatibility Issues


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Linux

  • Free* & Open-source

  • Thousands of free applications

  • Secure**

    • Few viruses

  • Choice

    • Many differentdistributions

    • KDE, Gnome, XFCE, Fluxbox

  • Inter-operable with Windows

  • “Live” CDs


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Important Notes

  • Free*: There’s nothing preventing anyone from charging money for the software. Some do, as they may provide support or regular upgrades.Free-libre open-source software (FLOSS) permits the end-user to modify, upgrade or build-upon existing software, as long as they return the modified code to the community


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Important Notes

Security**:

  • No computer is really secure

  • Any time your computer is connected to a network, you are vulnerable

  • Security vulnerabilities occur in:

    • Operating Systems

    • Applications

    • Programming Languages

  • Users can be tricked into phishing scams or unknowingly install malware.


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Security - What You Can Do

  • All Operating Systems are vulnerable

  • Security requires a layered approach

  • Turn on firewall / Get a router

  • “Least-privileged User Accounts”

    • Don’t use “root” or “admin” accounts

  • Keep OS and Applications up-to-date

  • Turn off unneeded services

  • Use Firefox

  • Anti-virus and Anti-spyware

  • Don’t eat yellow snow on the internet


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Social Networks

www.facebook.com

www.myspace.com

www.secondlife.com

Audio & Video

www.youtube.com

www.itunes.com

www.puretracks.com

Google Products

GoogleEarth, Picasa, GMail, Blogger

www.google.ca/intl/en/options/

User-driven Content

www.digg.com

www.slashdot.org

Mash-ups

http://toronto.ibegin.com/traffic/

http://googlemapsmania.blogspot.com/search/label/Toronto

Linux

www.distrowatch.com

www.ubuntu.com

Firefox Web Browser

www.getfirefox.com

RSS Readers

Extensions for Firefox

https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/browse/type:1

www.rssowl.org

Podcasts

www.twit.tv

www.itunes.com

U3 & PortableApps

http://www.u3.com/

http://portableapps.com/

Links


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Questions?

  • This presentation can be downloaded from:www.stcatharines.library.on.ca/content/present


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