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National Higher Education Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Initiative: A Unique Partnership Dr. Ilene Rockman Dr. Gordon Smith ICT Literacy Assessment in the 21 st Century Takes advantage of the latest technology to assess --Cognitive and technical proficiency

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National Higher Education Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Initiative: A Unique Partnership

Dr. Ilene Rockman

Dr. Gordon Smith

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ICT Literacy Assessment in the 21 Technology (ICT) Initiative: st Century

  • Takes advantage of the latest technology to assess

    --Cognitive and technical proficiency

    --Ethical and legal use of information

  • Focus on higher order thinking skills, not just computer navigation and technical skills

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Goals Technology (ICT) Initiative:

To develop a realistic, scenario-based, problem-based assessment tool which is delivered over the web

To measure the breadth/depth of ICT proficiency among young adults seeking to continue their education or transition to the workplace

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Background Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Builds on 2002 report, Digital Transformation: A Framework for ICT Literacy, written by the international ITC panel, which recommended diagnostic and large-scale assessment (

  • CSU, lead charter client, working with ETS and 6 other colleges and universities (

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Higher Education Partners (25% of 15m college students) Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • California Community Colleges

  • UCLA

  • University of Louisville

  • University of North Alabama

  • University of Texas System

  • California State University

  • University of Washington

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Partners Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Provided framework for what is important to measure

    --the proficiencies

    --the evidence (observable behaviors)

    --the tasks

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ICT Proficiency Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Uses digital technology, communication tools, and/or networks to access, manage, integrate, evaluate, create, and communicate information ethically and legally in order to function in a knowledge society

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ICT Proficiency Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Define an information need

  • Access resources and information

  • Manage information

  • Integrate information

  • Evaluate information

  • Create new information/knowledge

  • Communicate information to others

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Cognitive Technology (ICT) Initiative:



ICT Literacy Model



ICT Literacy






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Potential Use (Policy Decisions) Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Entrance to the university

  • Entry to the major/professional program

  • Graduation from the university

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Potential Use Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Aggregated results of particular groups—

    freshmen, transfers/juniors, seniors

    Comparisons across campuses or departments, within colleges/depts on a campus, from year to year

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Potential Use Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Individual results—used for certification on transcripts, take to potential employers, if students want to enroll in particular courses (technologically dependent), diagnose areas of weakness

  • For planning—workshops to close proficiency gaps, classes, sections, or new courses to offer

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Potential Use Technology (ICT) Initiative:

Answer questions:

1. 70% of x students are at basic level of ICT proficiency

2. X% of students in a particular major are above basic ICT proficiency

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Test is not Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • a technology test

  • paper and pencil test transferred to the web

  • a multiple choice test

  • an essay exam

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Instead, it is a Technology (ICT) Initiative: cutting edge tool

developed in partnership, which

  • Crosses disciplines and class levels

  • Assesses ICT proficiencies specifically for the higher education environment

  • Integrates scores for cognitive and technical abilities, along with those for ethical/legal use of information

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Timeframe--2004 Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • ETS: use evidence-centered design principles to develop valid and reliable assessment instruments for secure delivery over the Internet, code tasks, build psychometric models, design automatic scoring mechanisms, suggest sampling plans, work on validity and reliability studies

  • Higher Education Clients: field test questions

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Spring 2005 Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • First large scale assessment testing (several thousand students)

  • CSU System-wide Library Initiatives will cover the cost

  • Test will contain performance-based tasks, last 2 hrs, taken in a computer lab

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2006 Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Test available for general use

  • Not mandated in CSU, but hope to see wide use

  • Have spoken to Statewide Academic Senate, Test Officers, Assessment Coordinators, other key groups

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An Invitation to Participate Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • CSU commitment for field test

  • Role for librarians and test officers

  • Issue of Human Subjects Review

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Dates and Details Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Three dates:

    July 1-15

    August 15-30

    September 24 – November 17

  • Details:

    How are students recruited?

    Where will students take the test?

    Identifier for match key?

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Hardware and Software Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • CPU speed: 700MHZ or faster

  • Graphics card: 1024x768, 16-bit color or better

  • Internet Explorer 5.5 or above

  • Macromedia Flash Plugin 7.0 or above

  • Operating System: Windows 2000 or XP

  • 200kbit/sec or faster (broadband) Internet connection to the testing workstation

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Next Steps Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Need responses by June 1

  • COLD briefing

  • Reflector list

  • Identification of comparisons (variables) to make between groups of students

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Additional Resources Technology (ICT) Initiative:

  • Project web site (

  • Succeeding in the 21st Century: What Higher Education Must Do to Address the Gap in Information and Communication Technology Proficiencies, 2003. (