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Newspapers in the Digital Age Michael E. Unsworth MSU Libraries unsworth@msu.edu Current Tribulations: www.onthemedia.org/ OUTLINE Nature & Function Modes: Print Microfilm Digital Observations and Remarks Nature and Function of Newspapers WHAT IS A NEWSPAPER? AN EXISTENTIAL MATTER

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Newspapers in the digital age l.jpg

Newspapers in the Digital Age

Michael E. Unsworth

MSU Libraries

unsworth@msu.edu


Current tribulations www onthemedia org l.jpg

Current Tribulations:www.onthemedia.org/


Outline l.jpg

OUTLINE

  • Nature & Function

  • Modes:

    • Print

    • Microfilm

    • Digital

  • Observations and Remarks


Nature and function of newspapers l.jpg

Nature and Function of Newspapers


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WHAT IS A NEWSPAPER?AN EXISTENTIAL MATTER

15 USCS § 1802: "a publication produced on newsprint paper which is published in one or more issues weekly (including as one publication any daily newspaper and any Sunday newspaper published by the same owner in the same city, community, or metropolitan area), and in which a substantial portion of the content is devoted to the dissemination of news and editorial opinion.”


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WHAT IS A NEWSPAPER?


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TRANSMOGRIFY


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FROM MOUTHPIECE…


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TO ADVERTISING DELIVERY SYSTEM


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EDITIONS

From 1990-2009, it had:

  • L.A. ed.

  • Orange County ed. (ceased)

  • Venture County ed.

  • Inland Empire ed.

  • San Diego County ed. (ceased)

  • National ed. (ceased)


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Constantly Evolving

Partial Genealogy. In 1956:

  • Examiner (Brooklyn, N.Y.) MERGED WITH American Hebrew (1935 ) TO BECOME

  • American examiner

  • Jewish week and the American examiner

  • New York Jewish week and the American examiner

  • New York Jewish Week


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PRINT MODE


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ACCESSING CONTENT WAS DIFFICULT


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MICROFILM MODE


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PUBLICLY AVAILABLE INDEXES


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DIGITAL MODE


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AGGREGATOR PROLIFERATION


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INDEXING

  • Keyword, e.g. Factiva (articles from hundreds of newspapers):trash or garbage or solid waste

  • Subject, e.g., National Newspaper Abstracts (of 3 major newspapers):waste materials


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  • Its eAP “database that holds all AP content and delivers news in all formats: text, audio, photos, video, etc. There is access to eAP from multiple channels. Eventually eAP will replace the current text archive. It currently contains more than 65 million documents.”

  • AVAILABLE ONLY TO THE AP ORGANIZATION ITS MEMBERSHIP, AND SUBSCRIBERS .


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DIGITIZATION PROJECTS


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MOST HISTORICAL NEWSPAPERS ARE DIGITIZED FROM MICROFILM


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FREE ARTICLE FROM GOOGLE NEWS


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ProQuest’s

Digital Microfilm™

Full Image

Complete newspaper issues in the original full-image context

Ownership

Digital access and the benefit of permanent holdings

Remote Access

Increase usage and return on microfilm investment

Save

Time, money, and resources

© 2009 ProQuest LLC


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Observations and Remarks


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YOU GET WHAT PAY FOR


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DATA LOSS


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“Huggins said that he sold Paper of Record to Google in 2006, but that the deal was secret until late last year, when Google exercised its right to have Huggins stop managing the site. At that point, Huggins expected a transition to having the material appear on Google, but the material just disappeared from public view. “


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EDITION CONFUSION EXACERBATED:WHICH ONE SHOULD BE ARCHIVED?


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ARE VIDEOS ARCHIVED?


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MICROFILM HAS ITS USES


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WHAT’S A SCHOLAR TO DO?

CONSULT WITH YOUR LIBRARIANS

http://staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23

/news/newspgu.htm


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SUMMING UP

  • Nature & Function of Newspapers

  • Modes:

    • Print

    • Microfilm

    • Digital


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END


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ADDRESSES

  • Digitization Help:

    Elizabeth Bollinger

    432-6123 x298

    bolling7@mail.lib.msu.edu

  • Newspaper Guide:

    http://staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23

    /news/newspgu.htm


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