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Mali: The general Culture Mali is a country of ancient civilizations. With the succession of different Empires and Kingdom Mali has been a center and crossroad of different African people from whom we inherited our current culture. From this rich culture I will talk about some aspect.

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Mali: The general Culture

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Mali the general culture l.jpg

Mali: The general Culture

  • Mali is a country of ancient civilizations. With the succession of different Empires and Kingdom Mali has been a center and crossroad of different African people from whom we inherited our current culture.

  • From this rich culture I will talk about some aspect.


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  • -Weddings ht

  • tp://www.videobomb.com/posts/show/5996

  • Weddings are celebrated in 3 steps. In the morning the official celebration very similar to western wedding; the traditional starts after that through drumming, balafon and other practices and will end by the entry to the nuptial room. Imam and witnesses celebrate the religious one at the Mosque.


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  • -Baptism: celebrated at the 7th day after the baby was born, early in the morning after morning prayer, a group of men will read some verses of the Koran and name the baby; baby is always named after members or closes friends of the family.


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  • -Funerals: generally men at the cemetery bury bodies while women stay at home. All family, friends and neighbors will get together during one week at least to support the family of the dead; foods, money and moral presence are supplied.


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Rituals and Holy Places:

  • Anniversary of the birth of the Prophet Mohammed and of his baptism.

  • Ramadan, or "small feast."

  • Tabaski, or "big feast," in commemoration of Abraham's sacrifice, forty days after Ramadam

    families sacrifice a sheep, people wear their best outfits, and everyone busily exchanges gifts of meat and prepared foods as a sign of solidarity. e Islamic holidays as well as Christian holidays such as Easter and Christmas are officially recognized.


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SECULAR CELEBRATIONS

  • A major public holiday in Mali, and the occasion of parades, political speeches, and other celebrations, is 22 September, Independence Day. Other public holidays include the commemoration of the overthrow of Moussa Traoré (25 March), Armed Forces Day (20 January), Labor Day (1 May), and Africa Day (25 May).


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SECULAR CELEBRATIONS

  • In addition to the celebrations of the public calendar there are a number of well-known regional festivities, such as the sogobo of the Ségou region, the reroofing of the sacred hut in Kangaba, and the sigui, a Dogon festival celebrated every sixty years.


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ARTS

  • While architectural styles in Mali vary, most buildings are made of sun-baked clay at Sudanese style.

  • The tradition of adobe architecture in Mali is more than a thousand years old. It has led to the construction of famous mosques in Djenne and Timbuktu and the well-known mansions of the ancient city of Djenne. This architecture is the living and triumphant proof of the integrity of the relation between population and their roots.


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The mosque of Nando, Mali


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The Mosque of Djene


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Sankore Mosque


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The university of Tombouctou:Actual Sankore mosque was more than merely a great intellectual nucleus of the West African civilizations of Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Among it most formidable scholars, professors and lecturers were Ahmed Baba--a highly distinguished historian frequently quoted in the Tarikh-es-Sudan and other works. Actually, all the ancient hand written documents are kept in the Library of the Center Ahmed Baba.


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The Askia’s Tomb


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  • Graphic Arts. Malian pottery, sculpture, and textile traditions—in particular bogolanfini, hand-woven cotton bands decorated with dyes and mud and sewn together to make cloths—are extremely diverse and have been the subject of numerous studies. A visit to the Musée national du Mali, in Bamako, provides visitors with an appreciation of the richness of Malian artistic traditions. Finally, Malians artists have also distinguished themselves as film directors, including Souleymane Cissé, Cheick Oumar Sissoko, Adama Drabo, and Kadiatou Konaté.


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  • Performant Arts:

  • In terms of the quality and success of Malian music, it suffices to mention stars of international reputation such as Salif Keita, Ali Farka Touré, Oumou Sangare, and Ami Koita. Extremely active—and with significant implication for development—is the (predominantly comic) theater tradition in Mali known as koteba.


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  • Ethnic Groups:

  • Bambara, Fulani, Madingo, Sarakole, Bobo, Bzo Dogon, Touareg, Arabes,

  • Most ethnic groups distinguished among horonw (free people or nobles), nyamankalaw (mostly professional groups such as leather workers, griots, and smiths, not considered to be noble), and jonw/wolosow (first-generation slaves or slaves born in the family).


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Dogon Culture

  • Masks: http://www.dogon-lobi.ch/copie%20de%20dogonalbum.htm

    The center of the country is the magnificently dramatic Bandiagara escarpment, home to the fascinating culture of the Dogon whose legend have included details about stars and the universe without any form of star gazing equipment, that scientist are only now discovering with modern telescopes.Ancient festivals are based around a star astronomers only discovered recently. Their main festival revolves around the star Sirius.


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Mali land of Peace, Hospitlity and Tolerance: the harmonization of our society through Dialiya, Diatiguiya and Sinankouya :


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  • Mali is a peaceful country by it culture and tradition based on 3 important aspects which are:

  • Dialiya : The peace maker, the master of the word ; in charge of the transfer of history and tradition from generation to generation

  • Diatiguiya : is the art to receive foreign people or the passion of the hospitality.

  • Sinankouya : is the jogging relationship between ethnics group , tribes, cousins. These joking relationships have a powerful function to maintain social stability at the micro and macro level


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