Curriculum development for information literacy il
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Curriculum Development for Information Literacy (IL). Prof. Dr. Buket Akkoyunlu Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education. Curriculum Development for Information Literacy (IL). Curriculum Development can be defined as

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Curriculum development for information literacy il

Curriculum Development for Information Literacy (IL)

Prof. Dr. Buket Akkoyunlu

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education


Curriculum development for information literacy il1
Curriculum Development for Information Literacy (IL)

Curriculum Development can be defined as

“the systematic planning of what is taught and learned in schools as reflected in courses of study and school programs.”

The primary focus of a curriculum is on what is to be taught and when? On how is to be taught?

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


What is curriculum
What is Curriculum.

Here are multiple definitions of curriculum, 

Curriculum is:

  •       That which is taught in schools

  •       A set of subjects.

  •       Content

  •       A program of studies.

  •       A set of materials

  •       A sequence of courses.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


What is curriculum1
What is Curriculum.

  • A set of performance objectives

  • A course of study

  • Is everything that goes on within the school, including extra-class activities, guidance, and interpersonal relationships.

  • Everything that is planned by school personnel.

  • A series of experiences undergone by learners in a school.

  • That which an individual learner experiences as a result of schooling (Oliva, 1997, 4).

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We need some questions to start developing il curriculum
We need some questions to start developing IL curriculum

1. What are the purposes of the IL?

(Think about, justify, and delineate what you are you going to teach and how this material is relevant to the common, current purposes of IL).

2. What educational experiences are related to those purposes?

(What content, processes and methods are you going to use to deliver instruction and information?)

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We need some questions to start developing il curriculum1
We need some questions to start developing IL curriculum

3. What are the organizational methods which will be used in relation to those purposes?

(In the contexts of your educational purposes, how can you effectively organize your information and presentations so that they are effective?)

4. How will those purposes be evaluated?

(How do you know you taught the content or process successfully?)

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We need some questions to start developing il curriculum2
We need some questions to start developing IL curriculum

These questions are certainly a good place to start developing curriculum,

  • in light of what we now know about the complex journey of learning and

  • how the human brain processes and retains information,

  • there are additional questions that may help you create effective instructional plans and curriculum.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We need some questions to start developing il curriculum3
We need some questions to start developing IL curriculum

1. In the context of students' future needs, be able to justify why you are teaching particular content or processes.

(Be able to provide a rationale for what you are teaching and for how you are using students' time.)

2. Be able to make the content or processes more holistic.

(Teach the whole child through instructional techniques and processes which actively engage multiple modalities and children's minds, bodies, psyches, and social consciousnesses. Good instruction needs to be multi-modal and holistic in order to be remembered. This approach creates multiple neural pathways and has a better chance of being remembered and of meeting different types of learning styles.)

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We need some questions to start developing il curriculum4
We need some questions to start developing IL curriculum

3. Be able to make instruction relevant to students' experiences -- past, present, and future lives?

(Tie instructional strategies and content into students' experiences -- make it real, make it applicable to their past experiences, their present needs and their immediate futures.)

4. Be able to create more authentic types of assessment.

(Give students connections through meaningful assignments that have direct applicability and carry-over into the real world.)

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We need some questions to start developing il curriculum5
We need some questions to start developing IL curriculum

In order to create effective curriculum, we can use These questions as a place to get started, and then use the others as a way to monitor instructional relevancy and applicability.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


Objectives
Objectives Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

Objectives, are usually specific statements of educational intention which delineate either general or specific outcomes.

Objectives can be written in a number of ways. Currently, most objectives are written in behavioral terms. Behavioral objectives usually employ observable verbiage and can be divided into specific domains -- cognitive, affective, and physical. 

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


Objectives1
Objectives Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

Samples:

  • Cognitive: Students will identify and list 5 slang terms they have heard from their peers. 

  • Affective: Student will choose 3 of the most offensive slang terms from a list developed by the entire class. 

  • Physical: Students will create expressive gestures to go with their favorite slang terms.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


Objectives2
Objectives Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

Benjamin Bloom, identified three domains of educational activities:

  • Cognitive: mental skills (Knowledge)

  • Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas (Attitude)

  • Psychomotor: manual or physical skills (Skills)

    In other words, domains of human learning are;

  • cognitive (knowing, head),

  • affective(feeling, heart) and

  • psychomotor (doing, hand/body).

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


Objectives3
Objectives Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

The resulting efforts yielded a series of taxonomies in each area.

A taxonomy is really just a word for a form of classification.

Taxonomy deals with the varied aspects of human learning and are arranged hierarchically proceeding from the simplest functions to those that are more complex.  

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


Objectives4
Objectives Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

The Cognitive Domain: In the following table is the taxonomy of cognition. This, entitled Bloom’s, is based on the original work of Benjamin Bloom. This taxonomy is over 50 years old.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


The affective domain
The Affective Domain Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

This area is concerned with feelings or emotions.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


The psychomotor domain
The Psychomotor Domain Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

Psychomotor objectives are those specific to discreet physical functions, reflex actions and interpretive movements.

Traditionally, these types of objectives are concerned with the physically encoding of information, with movement and/or with activities where the gross and fine muscles are used for expressing or interpreting information or concepts.

This area also refers to natural, autonomic responses or reflexes.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


The psychomotor domain1
The Psychomotor Domain Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


General strategies for teaching il
General Strategies for Teaching IL Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

  • Ideally students are introduced to information literacy as early as possible during all levels of their formal education, primary, secondary and tertiary

  • In order for information literacy programs to be effective, they must be truly integrated into the core curricula ( IL should be woven into content, structure, and sequence of the curriculum)

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


General strategies for teaching il1
General Strategies for Teaching IL Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

  • Information literacy cannot be the outcome of any one subject. It is the cumulative experience from a range of subjects and learning experiences which creates the information literate person

  • Information literacy is important in all disciplines and at all levels of study.

  • It is best developed within the context of the academic curriculum, rather than as a separate add-on removed from the subject content

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


General strategies for teaching il2
General Strategies for Teaching IL Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

It is suggested that students are more likely to recognise the relevance and importance of information literacy if teaching is delivered at the point of need, affiliated with their own subject, and included in assessment

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We should remember
We should remember Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

Curriculum should be developed with curriculum designers, teachers and librarians

  • Principles, rules and theories on curriculum desing are best known by curriculum designers

  • Language and conceptual levels of students are best known by teachers

  • Cooperation in the development of instructional material

  • Subject matter on IL are best known by librarians

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


We should remember1
We should remember Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

  • IL instruction without an assignment does not achieve the purpose

  • Making connections and building up the relations is important

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


References
References Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


Thank you … Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey


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