Romanticism
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Romanticism. Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries. Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

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Romanticism

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Romanticism


Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries

  • Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

  • Romantic artists & authors extolled the virtues of feeling and simple piety over the artifacts of learning & civilization. They especially liked nature.

  • Romantic artists/writers valued individualism, the power of the inner spirit, and heroic traits.

  • Influenced art, literature, religion and music

  • Key characteristics..


1. Primacy of Emotion


The Dreamer Caspar David Friedrich, 1835


2. New view of Nature:

  • 1. Not a well-ordered machine, as Enlightened thinkers viewed it.

  • 2. Rather it was inspiring, beautiful, to be contemplated not mastered.

  • 3. Nature was overpowering to humans

  • 4. Humans were best inspired in nature; country life was to be enjoyed. Cities weren’t so great.


The DelugeFrancis Danby, 1840


Moonrise Over the Sea: Caspar David Friedrich, 1821


Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage--Italy, 1832, Joseph MW Turner


Caspar David Friedrich--Chalk Cliffs on Rugen


Friedrich--Man and Woman Gazing at the Moon


3. Distrust of Science and Technology


Rain, Steam, and SpeedJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1844


4. Greece/Rome out; Medieval themes/gothic stuff in

  • 1. Mysteries, heroes, stories of the middle ages offered greater emotional appeal.

  • 2. Noe-gothic architecture


Eldena RuinGaspar David Friedrich, 1825


Winter Landscape with ChurchCaspar David Friedrich, 1811


5. The Exotic and the Macabre


Saturn DevoursHis SonFrancisco Goya,1819-1823


6. Nationalism


Liberty Leading the People Eugène Delacroix, 1830


The Shooting of May 3, 1808Francisco Goya, 1815


7. Christian mysticism--interest in Catholicism


The CathedralGaspar DavidFriedrich,1818


8. Fascination with the Exotic


Eugene Delacroix--The Death of Sardanapalus


Delacroix--Women in Algiers in Their Apartment


Romantic Writers/Novelists


Goethe--The Sorrow of Young Werther

  • 1. Individualism and emotions reign supreme.


Stories of the past

  • Grimm Brothers and Hans Christian Anderson--Fairy tales of the past

  • Walter Scott--Ivanhoe--medieval English knights


  • 1.Medieval English knights


Gothic Literature

  • 1. Bizarre, chilling stories.

  • 2. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (critique of science?)

  • 3. Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre


  • Believed to be a direct expression of the soul

  • Poets could reveal the invisible world to others

  • Some themes:

    • Revolt against oppressive laws and customs (Percy Shelley--Prometheus Unbound)

    • Love of nature

      • William Wordsworth--nature was a mirror for humans to look to for information about themselves


Critics of science

  • Wordsworth-- nature not a cold object of study. Alive and sacred

  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein--the dangers of science


Wordsworth--Tintern Abbey

  • If I should be, where I no more can hear

  • Thy voice, nor catch from thy wild eyes these gleams

  • Of past existence, wilt thou then forget

  • That on the banks of this delightful stream

  • We stood together; and that I, so long

  • A worshipper of Nature, hither came,

  • Unwearied in that service: rather say

  • With warmer love, oh! with far deeper zeal

  • Of holier love. Nor wilt thou then forget,

  • That after many wanderings, many years

  • Of absence, these steep woods and lofty cliffs,

  • And this green pastoral landscape, were to me

  • More dear, both for themselves, and for thy sake.


More Romantic Poetry

  • 1. Lord Byron--the “Byronic hero” as described in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.

  • 2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge--The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner


Ludwig Von Beethoven

  • Influenced by the French Revolution

  • Music a reflection of inner feelings

  • Studied under Haydn

  • Third Symphony intended for Napoleon

  • Beethoven the bridge from the classical era to the Romantic


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vQVeaIHWWck


Hector Berliozhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JL8df-r2drM

  • Symphonie Fantastique

  • Emotion, mood, sound effects


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