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Romanticism PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Romanticism. Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries. Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

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Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries

  • Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

  • Romantic artists & authors extolled the virtues of feeling and simple piety over the artifacts of learning & civilization. They especially liked nature.

  • Romantic artists/writers valued individualism, the power of the inner spirit, and heroic traits.

  • Influenced art, literature, religion and music

  • Key characteristics..

1. Primacy of Emotion

The Dreamer Caspar David Friedrich, 1835

2. New view of Nature:

  • 1. Not a well-ordered machine, as Enlightened thinkers viewed it.

  • 2. Rather it was inspiring, beautiful, to be contemplated not mastered.

  • 3. Nature was overpowering to humans

  • 4. Humans were best inspired in nature; country life was to be enjoyed. Cities weren’t so great.

The DelugeFrancis Danby, 1840

Moonrise Over the Sea: Caspar David Friedrich, 1821

Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage--Italy, 1832, Joseph MW Turner

Caspar David Friedrich--Chalk Cliffs on Rugen

Friedrich--Man and Woman Gazing at the Moon

3. Distrust of Science and Technology

Rain, Steam, and SpeedJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1844

4. Greece/Rome out; Medieval themes/gothic stuff in

  • 1. Mysteries, heroes, stories of the middle ages offered greater emotional appeal.

  • 2. Noe-gothic architecture

Eldena RuinGaspar David Friedrich, 1825

Winter Landscape with ChurchCaspar David Friedrich, 1811

5. The Exotic and the Macabre

Saturn DevoursHis SonFrancisco Goya,1819-1823

6. Nationalism

Liberty Leading the People Eugène Delacroix, 1830

The Shooting of May 3, 1808Francisco Goya, 1815

7. Christian mysticism--interest in Catholicism

The CathedralGaspar DavidFriedrich,1818

8. Fascination with the Exotic

Eugene Delacroix--The Death of Sardanapalus

Delacroix--Women in Algiers in Their Apartment

Romantic Writers/Novelists

Goethe--The Sorrow of Young Werther

  • 1. Individualism and emotions reign supreme.

Stories of the past

  • Grimm Brothers and Hans Christian Anderson--Fairy tales of the past

  • Walter Scott--Ivanhoe--medieval English knights

  • 1.Medieval English knights

Gothic Literature

  • 1. Bizarre, chilling stories.

  • 2. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (critique of science?)

  • 3. Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre

  • Believed to be a direct expression of the soul

  • Poets could reveal the invisible world to others

  • Some themes:

    • Revolt against oppressive laws and customs (Percy Shelley--Prometheus Unbound)

    • Love of nature

      • William Wordsworth--nature was a mirror for humans to look to for information about themselves

Critics of science

  • Wordsworth-- nature not a cold object of study. Alive and sacred

  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein--the dangers of science

Wordsworth--Tintern Abbey

  • If I should be, where I no more can hear

  • Thy voice, nor catch from thy wild eyes these gleams

  • Of past existence, wilt thou then forget

  • That on the banks of this delightful stream

  • We stood together; and that I, so long

  • A worshipper of Nature, hither came,

  • Unwearied in that service: rather say

  • With warmer love, oh! with far deeper zeal

  • Of holier love. Nor wilt thou then forget,

  • That after many wanderings, many years

  • Of absence, these steep woods and lofty cliffs,

  • And this green pastoral landscape, were to me

  • More dear, both for themselves, and for thy sake.

More Romantic Poetry

  • 1. Lord Byron--the “Byronic hero” as described in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.

  • 2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge--The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner

Ludwig Von Beethoven

  • Influenced by the French Revolution

  • Music a reflection of inner feelings

  • Studied under Haydn

  • Third Symphony intended for Napoleon

  • Beethoven the bridge from the classical era to the Romantic

Hector Berlioz

  • Symphonie Fantastique

  • Emotion, mood, sound effects

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