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Romanticism. Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries. Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

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Late 18th early 19th centuries
Late 18th-Early 19th Centuries

  • Romanticism emerged as a reaction to the neo-classical style and emphasized emotion rather than reason.

  • Romantic artists & authors extolled the virtues of feeling and simple piety over the artifacts of learning & civilization. They especially liked nature.

  • Romantic artists/writers valued individualism, the power of the inner spirit, and heroic traits.

  • Influenced art, literature, religion and music

  • Key characteristics..



The dreamer caspar david friedrich 1835
The Dreamer Caspar David Friedrich, 1835


2 new view of nature
2. New view of Nature:

  • 1. Not a well-ordered machine, as Enlightened thinkers viewed it.

  • 2. Rather it was inspiring, beautiful, to be contemplated not mastered.

  • 3. Nature was overpowering to humans

  • 4. Humans were best inspired in nature; country life was to be enjoyed. Cities weren’t so great.


The deluge francis danby 1840
The DelugeFrancis Danby, 1840







Rain steam and speed joseph mallord william turner 1844
Rain, Steam, and SpeedJoseph Mallord William Turner, 1844


4 greece rome out medieval themes gothic stuff in
4. Greece/Rome out; Medieval themes/gothic stuff in

  • 1. Mysteries, heroes, stories of the middle ages offered greater emotional appeal.

  • 2. Noe-gothic architecture


Eldena ruin gaspar david friedrich 1825
Eldena RuinGaspar David Friedrich, 1825


Winter landscape with church caspar david friedrich 1811
Winter Landscape with ChurchCaspar David Friedrich, 1811



Saturn devours his son francisco goya 1819 1823
Saturn DevoursHis SonFrancisco Goya,1819-1823



Liberty leading the people eug ne delacroix 1830
Liberty Leading the People Eugène Delacroix, 1830


The shooting of may 3 1808 francisco goya 1815
The Shooting of May 3, 1808Francisco Goya, 1815



The cathedral gaspar david friedrich 1818
The CathedralGaspar DavidFriedrich,1818






Goethe the sorrow of young werther
Goethe--The Sorrow of Young Werther

  • 1. Individualism and emotions reign supreme.


Stories of the past
Stories of the past

  • Grimm Brothers and Hans Christian Anderson--Fairy tales of the past

  • Walter Scott--Ivanhoe--medieval English knights



Gothic literature
Gothic Literature

  • 1. Bizarre, chilling stories.

  • 2. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (critique of science?)

  • 3. Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre


  • Believed to be a direct expression of the soul

  • Poets could reveal the invisible world to others

  • Some themes:

    • Revolt against oppressive laws and customs (Percy Shelley--Prometheus Unbound)

    • Love of nature

      • William Wordsworth--nature was a mirror for humans to look to for information about themselves


Critics of science
Critics of science

  • Wordsworth-- nature not a cold object of study. Alive and sacred

  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein--the dangers of science


Wordsworth tintern abbey
Wordsworth--Tintern Abbey

  • If I should be, where I no more can hear

  • Thy voice, nor catch from thy wild eyes these gleams

  • Of past existence, wilt thou then forget

  • That on the banks of this delightful stream

  • We stood together; and that I, so long

  • A worshipper of Nature, hither came,

  • Unwearied in that service: rather say

  • With warmer love, oh! with far deeper zeal

  • Of holier love. Nor wilt thou then forget,

  • That after many wanderings, many years

  • Of absence, these steep woods and lofty cliffs,

  • And this green pastoral landscape, were to me

  • More dear, both for themselves, and for thy sake.


More romantic poetry
More Romantic Poetry

  • 1. Lord Byron--the “Byronic hero” as described in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.

  • 2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge--The Rhyme of the Ancient Mariner


Ludwig von beethoven
Ludwig Von Beethoven

  • Influenced by the French Revolution

  • Music a reflection of inner feelings

  • Studied under Haydn

  • Third Symphony intended for Napoleon

  • Beethoven the bridge from the classical era to the Romantic



Hector berlioz http www youtube com watch v jl8df r2drm
Hector Berliozhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JL8df-r2drM

  • Symphonie Fantastique

  • Emotion, mood, sound effects


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