1. Which of the following is true according to the  passage?
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1. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. It is universally acknowledged that Australians love sport s . B. Most of Australians take sport s as their career. C. Most of Australians do much sport either as fun or as profession. D. Only those who do sport s like sport.

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1. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

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1 which of the following is true according to the passage

1. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. It is universally acknowledged that Australians love sports.

B. Most of Australians take sports as their career.

C. Most of Australians do much sport either as fun or as profession.

D. Only those who do sports like sport.

2. Which of the following determines that Australia is a country with so many sport lovers?

A. The people there are well physically-educated

from their early age.

B. Ideal climate, natural environment and plentiful spare

time are main factors.

C. The early immigrants brought the tradition from the UK.

D. People there really understand sport guarantees health.

Line 1

Lines 16-20


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

3. Which of the following is considered a rough game?

A. Surfing B. Cricket C. Footy D. Tennis

4. If people are impatient with a cricket game,

____.

A. most probably they are not skilled at playing it

B. most probably they don't understand the game quite well

C. most probably they are quick-tempered in character

D. the game is not so interesting in itself.

5. Which of the following sports are Australian athletes best at

in some most important games?

A. Swimming B. Football C. Cricket D. Tennis

1. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. It is universally acknowledged that Australians love sport.

B. Most of Australians take sport as their career.

C. Most of Australians do much sport either as fun or as profession.

D. Only those who do sport like sport.

2. Which of the following determines that Australia is a country with so many sport lovers?

A. The people there are well physically-educated

from their early age.

B. Ideal climate, natural environment and plentiful spare

time are main factors.

C. The early immigrants brought the tradition from the UK.

D. People there really understand sport guarantees health.

3. Which of the following is considered a rough game?

A. Surfing B. Cricket C. rugby D. Tennis

4. If people are impatient with a cricket game, ____.

A. most probably they are not skilled at playing it

B. most probably they don't understand the game quite well

C. most probably they are quick-tempered in character

D. that means the game is not so interesting in itself.

Lines 30-34

Lines 37-42


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Paragraph Outline

Supporting Details

doubt

  • They watch it.

  • They talk about in all 2 .

  • Most of Australians enjoy sport by watching it on TV.

There is no ___1__

that Australians love

sport.

places

3 Australians love

sport

  • Weather 4 are perfect.

  • People have two days 5at the weekends

  • to enjoy the outdoors.

Why

conditions

off

  • Swimming and surfing

  • Tennis

  • 7 sports.

  • Cricket

popular

The most6

sports in Australia

Team

Australian 8

in sports

winners

  • Australia is among the _____9_____ in many

  • international competitions.

  • In the 2008 BeijingOlympic Games, the number of

  • medals Australia won 10 sixth

achievements

ranked

11

Conclusion

Australia is a great sporting nation.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

任务型阅读填词规则:

1. 归纳概括——左栏(关注细节,浓缩内容)

Why Australians love sport?

The most popular sports in Australia

Australian achievements in sports

Conclusion

2. 转化—— 1)同义结构转化

There is nothing ambiguous about Australians’ love of sport.

There is no doubt that Australians love sport.

…., there is a two-day weekend to enjoy the outdoors.

People have two days off at the weekend to enjoy the outdoors.

…only the USA, China and Russia , the UK and Germany

won more medals than Australia.

…the number of medals Australia won rankedsixth.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

2) 词型,词性转化

winning ------- winners

3. 文中原词

conditions

team


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Line1 There absolute love of it seems compulsory.

1. absolute adj.

【联想】absolutely

【语境】Their absolute love of it seems compulsory.

He made his reasons for resigning absolutely clear.

‘Do you let your kids travel alone at night?' 'Absolutely not!'

2. compulsory adj.

【联想】optional, voluntary

compulsory adj. something that is compulsory must be

done because it is the law or because

someone in authority orders you to.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Line 2 They watch it live or on television, and sometimes it seems to be the only topic of conversation

3. live adj. vi. vt.

【联想】living, lively, alive

【辨析】living adj. 活着的;生活的

n. 生计

live vi. 居住,生活; vt过、、、生活 live a happy life=lead a happy life

adj. 活着的(作前置定语);现场的,现场直播的

lively adj. 生动的,活泼的

alive adj. 活着的(不作前置定语)

【搭配】make/earn a/one’s living

【语境】The sun affects allliving things.

They are trying to improve their living conditions.

Where does he live?

He lives happily in the countryside.

He lived a miserable life there.

They watch sport live or on television.

The book offers a lively account of her travels.

The game is live, not recorded.

This is a live fish.

The fish is still alive.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Line 11 The rest are content to just sit in their cosy

armchairs and watch.

content adj. vt. n. 满意的,使满足,满意

n. 内容, 目录

【联想】satisfy vt. 使满意 sb.

满足

satisfy one’s need/demand/desire

【搭配】be content with sth.=content oneself with sth.

= be contented with sth.

be content to do sth.=content oneself to do sth.

= be contented to do sth.

【语境】We'll be content with a respectable result

in tomorrow's match.

He seemed quite content to let Steve do the talking.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Line 12 Indeed, sitting in front of the television watching a sports event, with a drink in one hand and some fast food in the other ,is very common in Australia.

  • common adj. n.

  • 【联想】commonly

  • 【辨析】ordinary adj. 普通的,一般的 (不高级,没有特点)

  • common adj. 普遍的,普通的 (到处可见)

  • usual adj. 平常的, 寻常的(常发生)

  • general adj. 一般性的 (不是特别的,概括性的)

  • 【搭配】in common (with…) (与...)相同

  • 【语境】It's just an ordinary camera.

  • The book is about ordinary people.

  • This disease is common in this area.

  • We have nothing in common.

  • In common with most young people, he likes pop music.

  • I'll meet you at the usual time.

  • I skimmed through it to get a general impression of the text.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Line 14 It is one of the main reasons why Australians can sometimes be accused of being overweight and unfit.

关系副词why引导定语从句,先行词为reason

Is that the reason why he was late?

比较:

The reason which he told me doesn't sound true.

accuse vt. 指责,指控

accuse sb. of .... 指控某人犯有...(的过错)

The teacher accused the boy of dishonesty.

The student was accused ot cheating at an exam.

比较:

charge sb. with....=accuse sb. of....

He was charged with murder.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Line 16 Still, Australia is considered to be a great sporting nation.

=Still, it is _______________________________.

翻译:

1. 人们一般认为蔡伦发明的纸。

Cai Lun is generally considered______________

It is generally considered that__________________

considered that Australia is a great sporting nation

to have invented paper.

Cai Lun invented paper


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Many people owe their love of sport to the perfect weather conditions.

owe vt. 欠

owe sb. sth.=owe sth. to sb.

I owe him $20.=I owe $20 to him.

owe sth. to sb. 将...归因于/归功于 ....

I owe all my achievements to his help.

I owe it to you that I am still alive.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

With most of its population living near the coast, swimming and surfing are popular activities for many families at the weekend.

with +O+OC(adj./adv/介词短语/to do/doing.../done)

在句子中作定语或状语

The woman with a baby in her arms is Mrs. Smith.

With the old man leading the way, we had no difficulty finding Professor Li's house.

With nothing to do, we went home.

With all the work finished, they felt relieved.

The murderer was brought in with both his hands

____behind his back.

A. tied B. to tie C. tying D. ties


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

____ the production up by 20%, the company has had another exellent year.

A. Of B. In C. With D. To


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Since most tennis courts are equipped with

lights, many people often play after dusk in the evening and late into the night.

equip vt.

【联想】equipment n. (U) 设备

【搭配】equip… with…

【语境】You’d better equip your bike with a headlight.

【辨析】facility n. 设施 (常用复数)

equipment n. 设备 (不可数)


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

______with a double door, the house is safe enough as a storehouse.

A. Being equipped B. Equipped

C. Equipping D. To be quipped


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

The sport that most of the world calls football is known as soccer in Australia, to distinguish it from Austrian rules football.

distinguish vt. 区别,分辨

distinguish (between) A and B

distinguish A from B

This is a good method to distinguish cancer cells from normal issues.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Football is a sport where players hold the ball and run with it, like in rugby.

The situation has come to the point _______ a change must be made.

I don't quite agree with the point ________we need some more help.

A. where B. that C. which D. when

A

B


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

  • Another popular sport, cricket, is originally from the UK, and has been exported to and followed in countries influenced by it, such as Australia, India, Pakistan, Kenya and South Africa.

  • export vt. n. 出口 -----import

  • influence vt. n. 影响=have an influence on/upon

  • affect=have an effect on/upon

  • impact =have an impact on/upon

  • such as 与 for example

  • Animals such as frogs and snakes are cold-blooded animals.

  • Economic crisis has caused much unemployment.

  • For example, 30% of workers in our city lost their jobs last year.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

For fans of this sport, though, it is an art form.

though conj. 虽然(引导让步状语从句,不能和

but连用,但可以和yet连用)

Though he is ill, he doesn't want to quit.

adv. 但是

---It's a fine day today, isn't it?

---Yes, a little cold , though.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

  • Cricket is usually considered a summer sport in Australia, and thoughout the country you will see players dressed all in white, hitting and running after the ball.

  • dress vt. 给穿,使穿 (dress sb. in...)

  • The girl is too young to dress herself

  • Today she is dressed in white.

  • I saw lots of parents ___ in their best clothes and___

  • in the back of the classroom.

  • A. dressing, seated B. dressed, seated

  • C. dressed, seating D. dressing,seating


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

Considering Australia's small population, its outstanding performance at the Olympic Games was really amazing.

_____the sad news, tears ran down his cheeks.

A. Hearing B. When he heard

C. Heard D. When hearing

但:

generally/exactly/honestly... speaking

judging by/from....

considering..=taking..into consideration

=taking..into account

=allowing for

amaze vt. 使吃惊

amazing adj. 令人吃惊的,不得了的

amazed adj.吃惊的


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

So, while a high percentage of Australians may be people who watch sports rather than do them, Australia is indeed a great sporting nation.

while conj. 虽然

While he is clever, I don't like him.

当...时

While I was in London, I saw him twice.

然而

I like reading while my brother prefers sports.


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

  • At school, some students are active____some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another.

  • A. while B. although C. so D. as

  • ____ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A.

  • A. While B. Once C. If D. Until

  • rather than 而不是

  • more than 不仅仅

  • other than 除了


1 which of the following is true according to the passage

短语

1. 优缺点

2.对体育的执着

3.非A非B

4. 最,最好的是

5. 在周末

6. 喜欢

7. 黄昏后

8. 导致

9.大部分时间

10. 大量的

strengths and weaknesses

devotion to sport

neither A nor B

best of all

at the weekend

be fond of

after dusk

lead to

most of the time

plenty of


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