In your jotter produce a drawing/diagram to show the 3 Marks of Existence ( annica / anatta / dukkha ) and the five skhandas . * Try to include examples/images to help you remember. Changes. Anicca. *use a double page. The Four Noble Truths. After Enlightenment.
In your jotter produce a drawing/diagram to show the 3 Marks of Existence (annica/anatta/dukkha) and the five skhandas. *
Try to include examples/images to help you remember.
*use a double page
The Four Noble Truths
After the Buddha achieved enlightenment (Nibbana), he spent the rest of his life teaching others about what he had learned.
The Buddha lived until the age of about 80.
He also guided others as to how they could also achieve enlightenment.
When the Buddha achieved enlightenment he gained an understanding of truths about the nature of reality and the nature of humans. Part of this understanding can be seen in the
“3 Marks of Existence”
It can also be seen in the:
4 Noble Truths
These truths are a fundamental part of Buddhist teaching and not only describe why people suffer, but point Buddhists in the direction of an end to suffering.
What Are The Four Noble Truths?
The First - Dukkha
The Second - Samudaya
The Third - Nirodha
The Fourth - Magga
Buddha taught that suffering (Dukkha) was real and happens all the time.
Siddhartha saw the first 3 sights and this showed him suffering was everywhere. He saw different ways of suffering but he still said it was all similar.
Suffering happens all the time in our lives, sometimes we don’t even realise it. Happiness is just temporary for us, we are never happy for very long.
The second noble truth is that suffering has a cause. Buddha said that the real cause of all suffering was desire or wanting something. He said there were 3 ways this could happen:
He sometimes called these the “3 fires”.
Even when the suffering appears to be caused my something outside of us Buddha said it is our minds reaction that makes us suffer.
The third noble truth says that you can avoid suffering and reach a point where you never suffer and you have an everlasting happiness. This is called Nibbana.
Buddha did not say much about Nirvana other than it made you care about other people more, and you did not suffer. Buddha is an example of someone who achieved Nibbana.
Buddha wanted to show that this was possible in everyday life so that life did not seem so sad as it was filled with suffering.
The 4th Noble truth is instructions on how to avoid suffering. It says that you need to avoid the two extremes. Siddhartha avoided the extremes of having too much (as a prince) and having not enough (as a holy man in the forest) by finding balance between them. He called this the middle way. It is a bit like balancing a seesaw
He suggested following a system called the 8 fold path which was the middle way. We will learn more about this next lesson
Avoiding suffering involves avoiding desire and cravings. This is like a smoker who avoids smoking by getting rid of their cigarette cravings.
The First Noble Truth - Dukkha
Life Is Suffering
The Second Noble Truth - Samudaya
Suffering Is Caused by Desire
The Third Noble Truth - Nirodha
To Stop Suffering You Have To Stop Desiring
The Fourth Noble Truth - Magga
To Stop Desiring Follow the EightFold Path
The Story of Kisagotami
Kisagotami had a young son who was bitten by a snake and died. Kisagotami could not accept that he was actually dead. She went to see the Buddha to see if he could help her son. The Buddha told her to bring back one grain of mustard seed from a house that has not experienced a death in the family.
The Story of Kisagotami
Kisagotami went off and tried to do this, but she could not. Everywhere she went, families had suffered losses of life. She realised that everyone had experienced the suffering of losing a loved one.