Cas lx 522 syntax i
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CAS LX 522 Syntax I. Week 3b. Just a little bit more phology. The morphology of be. I was sleepy. You are sleepy. We are sleepy. What features does the auxiliary be have (among [±1, ±2, ±Pl, ±Past])? If be has [-1, -2, -Pl, -Past], how is it pronounced? And [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past]?.

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CAS LX 522 Syntax I

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Cas lx 522 syntax i

CAS LX 522Syntax I

Week 3b. Just a littlebit more phology.


The morphology of be

The morphology of be

  • I was sleepy.

  • You are sleepy.

  • We are sleepy.

  • What features does the auxiliary be have (among [±1, ±2, ±Pl, ±Past])?

  • If be has [-1, -2, -Pl, -Past], how is it pronounced? And [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past]?


  • The morphology of be1

    The morphology of be

    • Consider the whole set. There are only five different pronunciations: am, are, is, was, were. How can we write a set of feature-based pronunciation rules to describe this?


    The morphology of be2

    The morphology of be

    • Try it in words first. When is the [-Past] pronounced Is? Am? Are?


    The morphology of be3

    The morphology of be

    • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.

    • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.

    • [-Past] = are.


    The morphology of be4

    The morphology of be

    Morphology often has thischaracter, where the pronunciationrules have a “specific case” and a“general case” if the specific casedoes not apply.

    • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.

    • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.

    • [-Past] = are.


    The morphology of be5

    The morphology of be

    • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.

    • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.

    • [-Past] = are.

    Ok, your turn.What’s the rest?


    The morphology of be6

    The morphology of be

    • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.[+Past] = were

    • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.[ ] = are

    • [+Past, -2, -Pl] = was.


    The morphology of be7

    The morphology of be

    • Ok, let’s test it out.

    • [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.[+Past] = were

    • [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.[ ] = are

    • [+Past, -2, -Pl] = was.

    • I [+1, -2, -Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] ecstatic.

    • They [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past, -N, +V, +F] leaving.

    • Y’all [-1, +2, +Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] late.


    Cas lx 522 syntax i

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    The morphology of be8

    The morphology of be

    • Ok, let’s test it out.

    • I [+1, -2, -Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] ecstatic.

    • They [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past, -N, +V, +F] leaving.

    • Y’all [-1, +2, +Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] late.


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