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# CAS LX 522 Syntax I PowerPoint PPT Presentation

CAS LX 522 Syntax I. Week 3b. Just a little bit more phology. The morphology of be. I was sleepy. You are sleepy. We are sleepy. What features does the auxiliary be have (among [±1, ±2, ±Pl, ±Past])? If be has [-1, -2, -Pl, -Past], how is it pronounced? And [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past]?.

CAS LX 522 Syntax I

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## CAS LX 522Syntax I

Week 3b. Just a littlebit more phology.

### The morphology of be

• I was sleepy.

• You are sleepy.

• We are sleepy.

• What features does the auxiliary be have (among [±1, ±2, ±Pl, ±Past])?

• If be has [-1, -2, -Pl, -Past], how is it pronounced? And [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past]?

• ### The morphology of be

• Consider the whole set. There are only five different pronunciations: am, are, is, was, were. How can we write a set of feature-based pronunciation rules to describe this?

### The morphology of be

• Try it in words first. When is the [-Past] pronounced Is? Am? Are?

### The morphology of be

• [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.

• [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.

• [-Past] = are.

### The morphology of be

Morphology often has thischaracter, where the pronunciationrules have a “specific case” and a“general case” if the specific casedoes not apply.

• [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.

• [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.

• [-Past] = are.

### The morphology of be

• [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.

• [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.

• [-Past] = are.

### The morphology of be

• [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.[+Past] = were

• [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.[ ] = are

• [+Past, -2, -Pl] = was.

### The morphology of be

• Ok, let’s test it out.

• [-Past, -1, -2, -Pl] = is.[+Past] = were

• [-Past, +1, -Pl] = am.[ ] = are

• [+Past, -2, -Pl] = was.

• I [+1, -2, -Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] ecstatic.

• They [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past, -N, +V, +F] leaving.

• Y’all [-1, +2, +Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] late.

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### The morphology of be

• Ok, let’s test it out.

• I [+1, -2, -Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] ecstatic.

• They [-1, -2, +Pl, +Past, -N, +V, +F] leaving.

• Y’all [-1, +2, +Pl, -Past, -N, +V, +F] late.