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Bird/Wildlife Aircraft Strike Hazards. Donald Teig HQ AFCESA/CEOA. US Airways Flight 1549. AP photo. 15 January 2009 in the Hudson River. Objective. Introduce you to basic BASH information so you have an understanding of potential wildlife hazards at your base. Overview. Awareness

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Bird wildlife aircraft strike hazards

Bird/Wildlife Aircraft Strike Hazards

Donald Teig

HQ AFCESA/CEOA


US Airways Flight 1549

AP photo

15 January 2009 in the Hudson River


Objective
Objective

Introduce you to basic BASH information so you have an understanding of potential wildlife hazards at your base.


Overview
Overview

  • Awareness

  • Identifying the Problem

  • Dealing With the Problem

  • Engineer’s Role

  • Safety’s Role


72 827 wildlife strikes 740 786 928 damage 20 year average 86 06 35 0m 3338 strikes
72,827 Wildlife Strikes $740,786,928 Damage20 Year Average (86-06) - $35.0M, 3338 Strikes

Statistics (1985 – 2006)

Count

Cost in millions


Statistics 1985 2006
Statistics (1985 – 2006) Damage

Count

  • AIRFIELD

  • 35,453 strikes (48%)

  • $248,347,481 (32%)

  • LOW-LEVEL / RANGE

  • 10,364 strikes(14%)

  • $490,693,694 (62%)

Cost

  • OTHER

  • 28,273 strikes (38%)

  • $46,171,694 (6%)


Statistics 1985 20061
Statistics (1985 – 2006) Damage

Strikes Per Month

Spring

Migration

Fall

Migration


Strikes by altitude
Strikes By Altitude Damage

≤ 500’ AGL, 64%

≤ 1000’ AGL, 79%

≤ 2000’ AGL, 92%

Strikes

Altitude – Feet AGL




BASH Examples Damage

Size Doesn’t Always Matter

F-16 Target Pod

White-Throated Swift


BASH Examples Damage

Damage to fan

blades and canopy


BASH Examples Damage

Props Don’t Necessarily Stop Engine Ingestions

C-130

American Robin

$495K Damage


BASH Examples Damage

Radome

Damage


BASH Examples Damage

Rotary Winged Aircraft Aren’t Immune

US Marine Corps Cobra

Golden Eagle


BASH Examples Damage

BASH Isn’t Just For The Birds

White-tailed Deer


Identifying the problem
Identifying the Problem Damage

  • Strike Reporting

  • Wildlife Identifications

  • Observations / Surveys

  • Nighttime Hazards


Wildlife identifications
Wildlife Identifications Damage

Feather Identification

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

National Museum of Natural History

  • OVER HALF OF ALL BIRD STRIKES ARE IDENTIFIED

  • EXPERTS ARE AT THE SMITHSONIAN

  • ACCESS TO OVER 650,000 SPECIMENS

Red-tailed Hawks


Observations surveys

AOC Damage

FULL EXTENT

Areas of Concern

Observations / Surveys

Plot Potential Trouble Areas (on & off base) directly on a Geographic Information System (GIS) Map


Wildlife hazards to night flying
Wildlife Hazards To Night Flying Damage

Nighttime Hazards

  • Non-migration

    • Insectivores

    • Owls

  • Migration

    • Passerines (Songbirds)

    • Waterfowl

    • Can be flying at fairly high altitudes

  • Mammals

    • Bats, deer, and coyote


Dealing with the problem
Dealing with the Problem Damage

  • Exclude / Mitigate

  • Harass

  • Depredate

  • Avoid


Exclude mitigate
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

Ecosystem

Management

  • GRASS HEIGHT (7-14 inches)

  • NO BARE AREAS

  • ELIMINATE BROAD-LEAF PLANTS

  • AVOID WEED SEED HEADS


Exclude mitigate1
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

Cattle Egret

(Bubulcus ibis)

MOW DURING LOW FLYING


Exclude mitigate2
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

Maintain Good Airfield Drainage

ELIMINATE STANDING WATER


Exclude mitigate3
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

  • DO NOT FEED THE WATERFOWL

  • FENCE OR GRID SMALL PONDS


Exclude mitigate4
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

Fencing Best Deterrent to Deer


Exclude mitigate5
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

Don’t Give Them a Reason to be There

REMOVE PERCHES


Exclude mitigate6
Exclude / Mitigate Damage

Crops Around Your Airfield

MANAGE OUTLEASING WISELY - No Grain Crops


Harass
Harass Damage

Harassment

Tools


Harass Damage

Be aware of other activities around the airfield when harassment activities are taking place


Depredate
Depredate Damage

Depredation

  • Use only after other methods have been employed

  • Permits, Permits, Permits

  • US Fish & Wildlife Service

  • State Game Department

When all else fails…..


Avoid
Avoid Damage

Bird Avoidance Model (BAM)

Avian Hazard Advisory System

(AHAS)

Small Mobile Radar (SMR)

Dealing


Bird avoidance model
Bird Avoidance Model Damage

BAM

  • Data

  • Geographic Information System-based

  • 30+ Years of Top 60 Species

  • Web Based

Dealing


Small mobile radar
Small Mobile Radar Damage

Dealing


Bash problem
BASH Problem Damage

  • The Safety Office is responsible

  • Cross-functional participation

    • Safety (SE)

    • Civil Engineering (CE)

    • Judge Advocate General (JAG)

    • Public Affairs (PA)

    • Director of Operations (DO)

    • Logistics (LG)


Safety responsibilities
Safety Responsibilities Damage

Installation Safety Office:

  • Establish a BASH Plan

  • Establish Bird Hazard Working Group, (BHWG)

  • Establish procedures for wildlife control

  • Develop a Bird Hazard Warning System

  • Designate Phase I / II periods of bird activity


Safety Responsibilities Damage

BASH Plan

  • “Flight safety office will establish the BASH plan, defining the nature and extent of wildlife hazards and implementation of the plan”

  • Living document

  • Use Bird Hazard Working Group as forum for revising plan

  • Responsibilities of each organization spelled out clearly


Bird hazard working group

Safety Responsibilities Damage

Bird Hazard Working Group

  • Consists of organizations involved in airfield bird control, habitat management, operations, and safety

  • Meet at least semi-annually

  • Maintain minutes

  • Vice wing commander chairs meetings

  • Forum to discuss budgeting and all airfield projects and how they impact BASH


Wildlife control

Safety Responsibilities Damage

Wildlife Control

  • Internal Manpower

    • Which agency is responsible for harassment and/or depredation

    • Equipment

  • Contract Manpower

    • US Department of Agriculture/Wildlife Services

    • – depredation, harassment, surveys …..

Airports are not

Wildlife Refuges


Sunrise/Sunset Damage

Flying one hour before and after dawn or dusk should be avoided unless absolutely necessary. The highest levels of bird activity normally occur during these hours as birds leave and return to their roost. Avoiding flight operations during these periods can significantly reduce the chance of a birdstrike.


Other Solutions Damage

Vulture roost less than 2 nautical miles from the runway


Other Solutions Damage

A Taxidermy Mount

Of a Dead Vulture


DoD BASH POC’s Damage

  • AIR FORCE:

    • Mr. Eugene LeBoeuf, DSN 246-5679 [email protected]

  • NAVY:

    • Mr. Matthew Klope, (360) 257-1468

  • [email protected]

  • ARMY:

    • Mr. Kevin Walter, (703) 805-3969

  • [email protected]


FAA Guidance Damage

  • Advisory Circular 150/5200-33

    • FAA ADVISORY CIRCULAR:  HAZARDOUS WILDLIFE ATTRACTANTS ON OR NEAR AIRPORTS

  • Federal Aviation Regulation Part 139, Sec. 139.337

    • CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: LAND AIRPORTS SERVING CERTAIN AIR CARRIERS

  • Certification Alert 97-02

    • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAA AND USDA/WILDLIFE SERVICES

  • Certification Alert 97-05

    • GRASS ATTRACTIVE TO HAZARDOUS WILDLIFE

  • Certification Alert 97-09

    • WILDLIFE HAZARD MANAGEMENT PLAN OUTLINE


USAF Guidance Damage

  • AFI 91-202 (Chapter 7.11) The US Air Force Mishap Prevention Program 1 Aug 98

  • AFI 91-204 (Chapters 1.10.5.3 and 3.1) Safety Investigations and Reports (Bird Strike Reporting) 24 Sep 08

  • AFMAN 91-223 (Chapters 1.3, 1.3.1.9 and 5.4.2) Aviation Safety Investigations and Reports 6 Jul 04

  • AFPAM 91-212 Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Management Techniques 1 Feb 04

  • AFI 32-7064 Integrated Natural Resources Management   17 Sep 04

  • AFI 32-7061 Environmental Impact Analysis Process 2 Mar 03

  • AFI 13-213 Airfield Management 8 Dec 05

  • AFI 21-201 Management and Maintenance of Non-Nuclear Munitions 10 Feb 05 


Navy Guidance Damage

  • OPNAVINST 5909.1B CH-3: Environmental and Natural Resources Program Manual

  • NAVFAC P-73 Procedural Manual, Volume II

  • OPNAVINST 3750.6R Chg 1: Naval Aviation Safety

  • Program


References Damage

  • USAF BASH Team Web Site

    www.afsafety.af.mil/AFSC/Bash/home.html

  • USAF BAM / AHAS Web Site

    www.usahas.com

  • Federal Aviation Administration BASH Web Site

    www.wildlife-mitigation.tc.faa.gov/public_html/index.html


QUESTIONS? Damage


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