Psychological Disorders. Chapter 13. What is Abnormal?. Abnormal - literally meanss “away from the normal” so Einstein was “abnormal.” Society: Abnormal behavior must be defined within the context of the society.
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Phillipe Pinel - In 1793 was made head of La Bicetre hospital in Paris and began a trend toward humane treatment
Disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic feature OR the avoidance of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior.
There is an APPARENT physical illness for which no organic (physical) basis can be found
Classic Conversion Phenomena
Disorders in which some part of the personality seems separated from the rest. These are relatively rare.
DSM-IV classifies sexual disorders under two major divisions:
Some sexual dysfunctions are physical but most have a psychological basis
Paraphillias are primarily a “male” phenomenon. Classical and operant “conditioning” likely play a role.