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ANTE TODO You already know that the verbs ir and ser are irregular in the preterite. You will now learn other verbs whose preterite forms are also irregular. They have irregular stems that must be memorized.

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ANTE TODO

  • You already know that the verbs ir and ser are irregular in the preterite.

  • You will now learn other verbs whose preterite forms are also irregular. They have irregular stems that must be memorized.

  • They are sometimes referred to as “combo” verbs because the one set of endings is memorized and apply to –ar/-er/-ir verbs.



Preterite of –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. tener, ver and decir


  • The following verbs observe similar stem-changes to –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. tener. (tuv)

    INFINITIVEU-STEMPRETERITE FORMS

    poder pud- pude, pudiste, pudo,

    pudimos, pudisteis, pudieron

    poner pus- puse, pusiste, puso,

    pusimos, pusisteis, pusieron

    saber sup- supe, supiste, supo,

    supimos, supisteis, supieron

    estar estuv- estuve, estuviste, estuvo, estuvimos, estuvisteis, estuvieron


  • The following verbs observe similar stem-changes to –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. venir. (vin)

    INFINITIVEI-STEMPRETERITE FORMS

    querer quis- quise, quisiste, quiso,

    quisimos, quisisteis, quisieron

    hacer hic- hice, hiciste, hizo,

    hicimos, hicisteis, hicieron

    Note: Hizo is a spelling change, otherwise it would not sound like the rest of the verb.

    (Hico)


  • The following verbs observe similar stem-changes to –ar, -er, and –ir verbs.

    decir. (dij)

  • INFINITIVEJ-STEMPRETERITE FORMS

  • traer traj- traje, trajiste, trajo,

  • trajimos, trajisteis, trajeron

  • conducir conduj- conduje, condujiste, condujo, condujimos, condujisteis, condujeron

  • traducir traduj- traduje, tradujiste, tradujo, tradujimos, tradujisteis, tradujeron


¡ATENCIÓN! –ar, -er, and –ir verbs.

  • The endings of these verbs are the regular preterite endings of –er/–ir verbs, except for the yo and Ud. forms.

  • Note that these two endings are unaccented.


¡ATENCIÓN! –ar, -er, and –ir verbs.

  • Most verbs that end in –cir are j-stem verbs in the preterite. For example:

    producir → produje, produjiste, etc.


  • Notice that the preterites with –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. j-stems omit the letter i in the ellos, ellas, and ustedes form.

    Mis amigos trajeron comida a la fiesta.

    Ellos comieron muchos dulces.


SINGULAR FORMS –ar, -er, and –ir verbs.

yo di

tú diste

Ud. / él / ella dio

PLURAL FORMS

nosotros/as dimos

vosotros/as disteis

Uds. / ellos / ellas dieron

Preterite of dar


  • The endings for –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. dar are the same as the regular preterite endings for –er and –ir verbs, except that there are no accent marks. (For the verb “ver” “to see,” just change the “d” to “v.” ) vi, viste, vio, vimos, visteis, vieron

    La camarera me dio el menú.

    The waitress gave me the menu.

    Le di a Juan algunos consejos.

    I gave Juan some advice.

    Los invitados le dieron un regalo.

    The guests gave him/her a gift.

    Nosotros dimos una gran fiesta.

    We gave a great party.


  • The preterite of –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. hay (inf. haber) is hubo

    (there was; there were). It is not used to express existence. It is used to express that something happened/occurred.

    Hubo un accidente. There was an accident.


¡INTÉNTALO! –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. Escribe en cadaespacio en blanco la forma correcta del pretérito del verboqueestá entre paréntesis.

  • (querer) ustedes____

    quisieron

    2. (traer) yo____

    traje

    3. (estar) nosotros____

    estuvimos

    4. (saber) ellos____

    supieron


5. ( –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. querer) tú ____

quisiste

6. (venir) yo____

vine

7. (decir) usted____

dijo

8. (poder) tú____

pudiste

9. (hacer) nosotros____

hicimos


10. (conducir) ellas –ar, -er, and –ir verbs. ____

condujeron

11. (decir) tú ____

dijiste

12. (estar) ella ____

estuvo

13. (tener) tú ____

tuviste

14. (hacer) él ____

hizo


  • (ver) yo _____ –ar, -er, and –ir verbs.

    vi

    16. (dar) tú ______

    diste

  • (poner) el chico ________

    puso

  • (tener) ellos ___________

    tuvieron


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