Shakespeare his life and times
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Shakespeare: His Life and Times. Adapted from http://www.public.asu.edu/~muckerrm/English_321_S2005/Introduction.ppt. Early Life. (Probably) Born April 23, 1564 Died April 23, 1616 Lived in Stratford-upon-Avon, England He was the 3rd born of 8 children Parents:

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Shakespeare his life and times

Shakespeare: His Life and Times

Adapted from http://www.public.asu.edu/~muckerrm/English_321_S2005/Introduction.ppt


Early life

Early Life

  • (Probably) Born April 23, 1564

  • Died April 23, 1616

  • Lived in Stratford-upon-Avon, England

  • He was the 3rd born of 8 children

  • Parents:

    • Mary—daughter of wealthy landowner

    • John—glovemaker, local politician


Location of stratford upon avon

Location of Stratford-upon-Avon

From: http://www.where-can-i-find.com/tourist-maps.html


Stratford upon avon in shakespeare s time

Stratford-upon-Avon in Shakespeare’s Time

As reproduced in William Rolfe, Shakespeare the Boy (1896).


Stratford upon avon today

Stratford-upon-Avon Today

From Stratford’s web site: http://www.stratford-upon-avon.co.uk/index.htm


Shakespeare s birthplace

Shakespeare’s Birthplace

From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/


Education

Education

  • Thought to have attended King’s New School in Stratford

  • Left school at age 15

  • Educated in:

    • Rhetoric

    • Logic

    • History

    • Latin


King s new school

King’s New School

From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/


Married life

Married Life

  • At 18, he married 26 year-old Anne Hathaway, who was pregnant at the time with their first daughter

  • First daughter was born in 1582

  • They had twins in 1585

  • Around 1587, they moved to London and William began working in theatre.


Anne hathaway s cottage

Anne Hathaway’s Cottage

From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/


The poet

The Poet

  • He was first a successful poet, and published poetry in 1593

  • Two major poems:

    • Venus and Adonis

    • Rape of Lucrece

  • 154 Sonnets

  • Nickname: The Bard of Avon


  • The actor

    The Actor

    • Member and later part-owner of an acting group called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later called the King’s Men

    • This successful group eventually decided to build a theatre that would bring together the social elite as well as common peasants… THE GLOBE THEATRE!


    The playwright

    The Playwright

    • 38 plays firmly attributed to Shakespeare:

      • 14 comedies

      • 10 histories

      • 10 tragedies

      • 4 romances

  • Collaborated on several others

  • Many of his plays were performed at the Globe Theatre


  • The globe theatre

    The Globe Theatre


    The globe theatre1

    The Globe Theatre

    • Built in 1598 by Lord Chamberlain’s Men, with Shakespeare as primary investor

    • Open-air, octagonal amphitheater that could seat up to 3000

    • In 1613, the Globe burned down during a canon fire during Henry VII

    • It was rebuilt, only to be shut down by the Puritans in 1642

    • The new and improved Globe Theatre opened in May 1997 thanks to Queen Elizabeth II!


    The rebuilt globe theater london

    The Rebuilt Globe Theater, London


    Shakespeare s language

    Shakespeare’s Language

    • Shakespeare did NOT write in “Old English.”

    • Old English is the language of Beowulf

    • (written in the 8th century):

      • “Hwaet! We Gardena in geardagum

      • Þeodcyninga Þrym gefrunon

      • Hu ða æÞelingas ellen fremedon!”

    • (Hey! We have heard of the glory of the Spear-Danes in the old days, the kings of tribes, how noble princes showed great courage!)


    Shakespeare s language1

    Shakespeare’s Language

    • Shakespeare did NOT write in “Middle English.”

    • Middle English is the language of Chaucer, the Gawain-poet, and Malory (14th century):

      • We redeth oft and findeth y-write—

      • And this clerkes wele it wite—

      • Layes that ben in harping

      • Ben y-founde of ferli thing…

      • (Sir Orfeo)


    Shakespeare s language2

    Shakespeare’s Language

    • Shakespeare wrote in

    • “Early Modern English.”

    • Shakespeare wrote most of his

    • works in the late 16th century and

    • into the early 17th century!

    • EME wasn’t very different from

    • “Modern English,” and Shakespeare

    • helped standardize the style of

    • today’s language.


    Shakespeare s language3

    Shakespeare’s Language

    • Shakespeare coined many words we still use today:

      • Critical

      • Majestic

      • Dwindle

    • And quite a few phrases as well:

      • One fell swoop

      • Flesh and blood

      • Vanish into thin air

      • With bated breath

    See http://www.wordorigins.org/histeng.htm


    Historical context

    Historical Context

    • The Renaissance

      • -Cultural rebirth of Europe: music, art, lit

      • -14th - 17th centuries

    • Elizabethan Age

      • Named after Queen Elizabeth I

      • Ruled from 1558 - 1603

      • Her love and interest in the arts

      • influenced the time period


    Shakespeare his life and times

    Elizabethan Theatrical Conventions


    Shakespeare his life and times

    Theatrical Conventions

    • No electricity =

      daytime only shows

    • Women forbidden

      to act on stage

    • No scene changes

    • Minimal props & costume

    These factors influenced the performance.


    Shakespeare his life and times

    Theatrical Conventions

    • Soliloquy

    • Aside

    • Monologue

    • Dialogue

    Types of speech

    • Blood and gore

    • Use of supernatural

    Scare tactics


    Shakespeare his life and times

    Theatrical Conventions

    • Use of disguises /

      mistaken identity

    • Last speaker—highest in

      rank (in tragedies)

    • Multiple murders

      (in tragedies)

    • Multiple marriages

      (in comedies)


    Shakespeare his life and times

    Theatrical Conventions

    Ultimately, Shakespeare delivered what would keep the audience intrigued:

    • Controversial Topics

    • Humor

    • Sex / Sexuality

    • Parties & Celebrations

    • Deaths & Action


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