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Basics of Yoga The universe has both material and spiritual components. The human being has both material and spiritual components. Components of the Universe: Components of the human being

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Basics of Yoga

The universe has both material and spiritual components.

The human being has both material and spiritual components.


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Components of the Universe:Components of the human being

  • Purusha: Pure consciousness. Immortal, spiritual, always free. Infinite existence, knowledge, & happiness. The true self.

  • Prakriti: The unconscious world. Mortal, material, determined. The material self of body and mind.


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The Goal of Yoga

  • To eliminate suffering by helping us attain discriminative knowledge of the Purusha and the Prakriti. This realization brings contentment, peace, and happiness.


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Kirya Yoga: Yoga of Action

  • Austerity, introspection, & ego surrender

  • Preparing for trance by ridding oneself of afflictions

  • Ignorance (mistaking the noneternal for the eternal)

  • Egoism: identifying the seen with the power of seeing

  • Attachment: intense seeking after pleasure

  • Repulsion: intense aversion from pain

  • Fear of death: intense clinging to life


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Ashtanga Yoga

  • Yama (5 restraints)

  • Niyama (5 disciplines)

  • Asana (physical postures)

  • Pranayama (regulation of breathing)

  • Pratyahara (sense organ withdrawal)

  • Dharana (concentration)

  • Dhyana (contemplation)

  • Samadhi (absorption)


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Yama

  • Do not engage in violence

  • Do not lie

  • Do not steal

  • Do not crave sexual pleasure

  • Do not be possessive


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Niyama

  • Purity: cleanse one’s body & mind of all pollutants

  • Contentment: mental & spiritual balance

  • Austerity

  • Study of scriptures and lives of saints

  • Devotion to the Higher Self


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Other External Steps: Preparatory Stage

  • Asana (Physical Postures)

  • Pranayama (regulation of breathing)

  • Pratyahara: training the mind to withdraw consciousness from external objects, and to direct it instead to the inner contents of the mind


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Internal Steps: Meditative Stage (Samyama: one-pointedness)

  • Dharana (concentration): fixing the mind on one idea, letting other images glide by, paying no attention to them

  • Dhyana (contemplation): sustained focus on an idea, getting to know it in its entirety. The mind remains aware of itself as a subject meditating on an object.

  • Samadhi (absorption): mystical union with the Purusha


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