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VIETNAM WAR. 13 YEARS OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN WARFARE 1962-1975. EVENTS IN TIME. FRENCH FORCES CAPTURE AND TAKE OVER SAIGON IN 1859 FRENCH WILL RULE VIETNAM FOR ALMOST 100 YEARS HO CHI MINH IS BORN IN 1890. FACES OF THE FUTURE HO CHI MINH-- JOHN F KENNEDY. THE EARLY YEARS. HO CHI MINH

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Vietnam war

VIETNAM WAR

13 YEARS OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN WARFARE

1962-1975


Events in time
EVENTS IN TIME

  • FRENCH FORCES CAPTURE AND TAKE OVER SAIGON IN 1859

  • FRENCH WILL RULE VIETNAM FOR ALMOST 100 YEARS

  • HO CHI MINH IS BORN IN 1890


Faces of the future ho chi minh john f kennedy
FACES OF THE FUTUREHO CHI MINH-- JOHN F KENNEDY


The early years
THE EARLY YEARS

  • HO CHI MINH

  • BECAME A LEADER OF THE VIETNAMESE YOUTH

  • IMPRISONED IN CHINA FOR HIS BELIEFS


Vietnam becomes independent
VIETNAM BECOMES INDEPENDENT

  • IN 1945 HO CHI MINH DECLARES THAT VIETNAM IS FREE AND IS AN INDEPENDENT NATION

  • FRANCE DECLARES WAR ON VIETNAM IMMEDIATELY

  • THE FIRST INDOCHINA WAR 1946-1954, IT WILL SET THE TONE


Vietnam splits
VIETNAM SPLITS

  • VIETNAM IS DIVIDED AT THE 17TH PARALLEL, JUST AS KOREA HAD BEEN AT THE 38TH.

  • SOUTH VIETNAM RULED BY BAO DAI, A PUPPET OF DEMOCRACY

  • NORTH VIETNAM RULED BY HO CHI MINH, THE FATHER OF VIETNAMESE COMMUNISM


United states enters as advisors
UNITED STATES ENTERS AS ADVISORS

  • 1955 THE UNITED STATES SENDS MILITARY ADVISORS TO VIETNAM, MANY ARE THERE TO SPY ON THE COMMUNIST

  • THESE ADVISORS WOULD LEAD TO THE CREATION OF THE CIA

  • THEY ARE SENT TO TRAIN SOUTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS


1961

  • US PERSONNEL IN VIETNAM 3,200

  • PRESIDENT OF THE US, JOHN F. KENNEDY IS DEALING WITH THE CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS AND THE BAY OF PIGS INVASION.

  • THE US IS TERRIFIED WITH THE THREAT OF NUCLEAR WAR, IT IS A TIME OF FEAR AND ANXIETY.


Bay of pigs and cuban missle crisis
BAY OF PIGS AND CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS

  • THESE TWO EVENTS WOULD BRING THE US AND RUSSIA FACE TO FACE.

  • THEY WOULD ALSO LEAD TO THE DEEP HATE AND FEAR OF COMMUNISM ARISING AGAIN IN THE US, JUST AS IT HAD DURING THE RED SCARE.

  • COMMUNISM WAS AT THE GATE AND WANTED IN.




Early years of the war
EARLY YEARS OF THE WAR

  • HE IS KILLED IN DALLAS, TX ON NOVEMBER 22, 1963 AND A NATION MOURNS.

  • HE IS KILLED BY LEE HARVEY OSWALD, OR IS HE?






Important officals
IMPORTANT OFFICALS

  • LYNDON JOHNSON: US PRESIDENT

  • DEAN RUSK: SEC. OF STATE

  • ROBERT McNAMARA: SEC. OF DEFENSE

  • WILLIAM WESTMORELAND: GENERAL OF US ARMY

  • J. EDGAR HOOVER: HEAD OF FBI



Should we stay or should we go
SHOULD WE STAY OR SHOULD WE GO

  • MANY FEEL IF JFK HAD NOT BEEN KILLED HE WOULD HAVE PULLED THE UNITED STATES OUT OF THE WAR IN VIETNAM, WITH HIS DEATH LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON , THE VP BECAME PRESIDENT OF THE US

  • LYNDON JOHNSON WAS DETERMINED TO DEFEAT THE VIET CONG AND WIN THE WAR IN SOUTHEAST ASIA.


Us involvement esculates
US INVOLVEMENT ESCULATES

  • GULF OF TONKIN: US SHIPS ARE ATTACKED OR ARE THEY?

  • AUG. 2, 1964 USS MADDOX

  • AUG. 4, 1964 USS TURNER JOY

  • GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION: DECLARES THAT THE US CAN USE FORCE TO PROTECT OUR INTRESTS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA


The air war

IN 1965 THE US BEGAN A MASSIVE BOMBING CAMPIGN AGAINST THE NORTH VIETNAMESE.

THESE AIR ATTACKS CALLED FLAMING DART I & II, AND ROLLING THUNDER, WOULD DEVESTATE THE LANDSCAPE OF VIETNAM, BUT PROVE UNEFFECTIVE

THE AIR WAR


F 4e phantoms
F-4E PHANTOMS NORTH VIETNAMESE.


Douglas a 1 skyraider
DOUGLAS A-1 SKYRAIDER NORTH VIETNAMESE.


F 105 wild weasel
F-105 WILD WEASEL NORTH VIETNAMESE.


Bell huey uh 1
BELL HUEY UH-1 NORTH VIETNAMESE.


B 52d
B-52D NORTH VIETNAMESE.


F 4d loaded for combat
F-4D LOADED FOR COMBAT NORTH VIETNAMESE.


B 52 stratofortress
B-52 STRATOFORTRESS NORTH VIETNAMESE.


B 66 used in rolling thunder
B-66 USED IN ROLLING THUNDER NORTH VIETNAMESE.


A 7 cosair ii
A-7 COSAIR II NORTH VIETNAMESE.


Killing the cover
KILLING THE COVER NORTH VIETNAMESE.

  • IN AN OPERATION CALLED RANCH HAND THE US AIR FORCE COVERED THE FORESTS OF SOUTHEAST ASIA WITH CHEMICALS TO KILL THE TREES THAT WERE HIDING THE VIET CONG, CHEMICALS LIKE AGENT ORANGE, PURPLE AND AGENT BLUE.

  • VIET CONG-CHARLIE: ALL NICK NAMES FOR THE NORTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS


Ho chi minh trail
HO CHI MINH TRAIL NORTH VIETNAMESE.


Agent orange
AGENT ORANGE NORTH VIETNAMESE.

  • IT WAS AN HERBICIDE USED TO KILL JUNGLE FOILIAGE IN VIETNAM

  • THE VIET CONG USED THE JUNGLE AS COVER TO MOVE UNDETECTED FROM PLACE TO PLACE

  • THE HO CHI MINH TRAIL, A TRAIL IN THE JUNGLE USED TO MOVE MEN AND WEAPONS, NEEDED TO BE FOUND AND DESTROYED.


Canopy jungle
CANOPY JUNGLE NORTH VIETNAMESE.


Effects of agent orange
EFFECTS OF AGENT ORANGE NORTH VIETNAMESE.

  • CHEMICALS WERE USED FROM 1961 THROUGH 1969, SATURATING THE JUNGLES OF SE ASIA.

  • DROPPED FROM PLANES THEY COVERED THE SOLDIERS AS WELL AS THE JUNGLE

  • MANY CHEMICALS WERE USED BUT AGENT ORANGE WAS THE MOST WIDELY USED, ALSO MOST TOXIC


Bottom line

IN TEN YEARS THE US COVERED NORTH VIETNAMESE.23.8% OF VIETNAM WITH HERBICIDES

THAT IS OVER 19,395,369 GALLONS OF CHEMICALS

THIS CAUSED AND IS STILL CAUSING PROBLEMS FOR THOSE WHO INHALED OR INGESTED THE CHEMICAL.

WE NEVER FOUND THE TRAIL

BOTTOM LINE


Psychological warfare
PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE NORTH VIETNAMESE.



Average age 19 21
AVERAGE AGE: 19-21 NORTH VIETNAMESE.


Two sides to every war

NORTH VIETNAM THE COMMUNIST COUNTRY FIGHTING FOR THEIR RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

UNITED STATES THE OUTSIDE AGGRESSOR THAT WAS FIGHTING FOR DEMOCRACY AND IT’S SOLDIERS DID NOT BELIEVE IN OR WANT THE WAR

TWO SIDES TO EVERY WAR


North vietnamese soldier
NORTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIER RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


1965 RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • THE WAR HAS NOW ESCALATED

  • IN THE US BOYS ARE BEING DRAFTED AT THE AGE OF 18 AND MANY ARE FEELING THAT THE WAR IS UNJUSTIFIED AND WRONG

  • THE PROBLEMS BEGIN AT HOME WITH THE PEACE MOVEMENT AND THE FIGHT FOR CIVIL RIGHTS


Life of a soldier
“Life of a Soldier” RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • Faced death every second of everyday

  • Kill or be killed

  • Loss of innocence and conscience

  • No redemption

  • Dangers all around (children, women, elderly, animals, insects, traps)

  • Chance of total loss of reality


Two worlds collide
TWO WORLDS COLLIDE RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


Peace movement
PEACE MOVEMENT RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


The peace movement
THE RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR ITPEACE MOVEMENT

  • IN THE US YOUNG AMERICANS BEGIN TO PROTEST THE WAR IN VIETNAM, AT FIRST IT IS JUST A SMALL FRACTION OF SOCIETY

  • DRUGS AND MUSIC BEGIN TO DEFINE THE YOUTH OF AMERICA

  • HIPPIES: LONG HAIRED PROTESTORS BEGIN TO BECOME A CULTURAL COMMONALITY


The peace movement1
THE RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR ITPEACEMOVEMENT

  • STUDENTS AT MAJOR UNIVERSITIES BEGIN PROTEST GROUPS TO COUNTER THE DRAFT AND OFTEN PEACEFUL PROTESTS TURNED VIOLENT, NOT BECAUSE OF STUDENTS.

  • KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, 4 STUDENTS ARE KILLED IN A PROTEST BY RIOT SQUADS(May 4, 1970)


Draft notices a death sentence
DRAFT NOTICES: RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR ITA DEATH SENTENCE?


Draft lottery
DRAFT LOTTERY RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


Protest for peace
PROTEST FOR PEACE RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • YOUNG MEN BURNED DRAFT CARDS

  • MANY YOUNG MEN FLED TO CANADA TO ESCAPE THE DRAFT

  • OTHERS FILED AS OBJECTORS AND USED RELIGION AND BELIEFS TO ESCAPE THE DRAFT, OTHERS WENT TO JAIL (1,766.910)


Massacre at my lai
MASSACRE AT My LAI RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • LT. RUSTY CALLEY OF COLUMBUS, GA AND HIS UNIT KILLED 500+ VIETNAMESE WOMEN, CHILDREN AND MEN IN A SMALL VILLAGE IN NAM AND BECAME THE VILLANS OF THE NATION

  • CALLEY IS THE ONLY AMERICAN EVER TRIED AND CONVICTED OF A WAR CRIME.

  • THIS EVENT WAS A BLACKEYE ON ALL AMERICAN SOLDIERS


A culture of protest
A CULTURE OF PROTEST RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


Woodstock 1969
WOODSTOCK 1969 RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


P e a c e a n d l o v e
P RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR ITEACEANDLOVE


Protest and civil disobidience
PROTEST AND CIVIL DISOBIDIENCE RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • MANY PROTESTS WERE NOT PEACEFUL, SOME WERE VIOLENT

  • MANY ORGANIZATIONS FELT THAT CIVIL DISOBIDENCE WAS THE ONLY WAY TO BRING ABOUT CHANGE

  • GROUPS SUCH AS THE SDS, SNCC, AND THE BLACK PANTHERS LED THE MOVEMENT FOR RADICAL CHANGE


Marches
MARCHES RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • MANY GROUPS ORGANIZED MARCHES ON THE NATIONS CAPITAL AND PROTESTED THE WAR WITH WORDS AND NOT VIOLENCE

  • TO OFTEN HOWEVER THE EVENTS WERE TURNED INTO RIOTS BY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, EVEN INFILTRATORS


The black panthers
THE BLACK PANTHERS RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


The other protestors
THE OTHER PROTESTORS RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


Protesting to the extreme buddhist monk
PROTESTING TO THE EXTREME: BUDDHIST MONK RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


Protests for civil rights
PROTESTS FOR RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR ITCIVIL RIGHTS

  • MEN SUCH AS DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING LED THE WAY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS TO FREEDOM

  • HE PROTESTED FOR EQUAL RIGHTS AND DID SO NONVIOLENTLY

  • HE BELIEVED THAT VIOLENCE ONLY LED TO MORE VIOLENCE, JUST AS GHANDI HAD TAUGHT IN INDIA


Dr king
DR. KING RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • HE WAS A MAN OF GREAT PRESENCE AND EDUCATION, WHO SPOKE WITH THE VOICE OF HIS PEOPLE AND ALL PEOPLE.

  • HIS VOICE WAS SILENCED BY A BULLET ON APRIL 4, 1968 IN MEMPHIS, TN

  • SHOT AND KILLED BY JAMES EARL RAY, OR WAS HE?


Dr king images of a man
DR. KING IMAGES OF RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR ITA MAN


His dream
HIS DREAM RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT


Dr king and civil rights
DR. KING AND CIVIL RIGHTS RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • HIS DEATH HELPED TO BRING ABOUT THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1968

  • HIS LIFE WAS SHORT, BUT HIS WORDS WILL LIVE ON FOREVER

  • HE WAS PERHAPS THE GREATEST MAN IN AMERICAN HISTORY, HIS WORDS FREED A NATION!!!


War continues despite protest
WAR CONTINUES DESPITE PROTEST RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • AS PROTESTS ESCULATED, SO DID THE WAR, BY 1966 THE US HAD 190,000 TROOPS IN VIETNAM, MOST OF WHICH WERE DRAFTEES!

  • BY 1969 THE US WOULD HAVE 550,000 TROOPS IN VIETNAM

  • THE WAR WAS GOING NOWHERE, THE VIET CONG WOULD NOT QUIT FIGHTING.


The war at home
THE WAR AT HOME RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • THIS WAS THE FIRST AMERICAN WAR TO BE BROADCAST EACH AND EVERY NIGHT ON NATIONAL TV

  • PARENTS WOULD OFTEN SEE THEIR SON’S DEAD ON TV BEFORE THE GOVERNMENT COULD NOTIFY THEM

  • THIS CAUSED GREAT HATE IN THE AMERICAN PUBLIC, THE WAR WAS TOO REAL FOR MANY.


All efforts fail
ALL EFFORTS FAIL RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • ALL EFFORTS TO WIN VIETNAM WERE FAILING

  • THE AIR WAR WAS UNSUCCESSFUL

  • THE GROUND WAR WAS TAKING TO MANY LIVES, & ACCOMPLISHING NOTHING.

  • THE VIETCONG WERE HARD TO FIND AND EVEN HARDER TO KILL, DUE TO MASSIVE NUMBERS.


At home
AT HOME RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • SOLDIERS CAME BACK TO THE STATES ONLY TO BE SPIT ON AND CALLED BABY KILLERS

  • THE WAR WAS EXTREMELY UNPOPULAR ALL AROUND

  • THE COMMON AMERICAN SAW NO GLORY IN THIS WAR AS THEY HAD IN WARS PAST


Johnson out nixon in
JOHNSON OUT NIXON IN RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT

  • PRESIDENT JOHNSON LEAVES OFFICE AND IS REPLACED BY RICHARD NIXON IN 1969

  • 1968: THE TET OFFENSIVE DESTROYS A HUGE AMOUNT OF THE US’S FORCES IN VIETNAM AND THE WAR IS BEGINNING TO FALL APART


Ending the war

AT HOME THE PROTESTS CONTINUED AND EVEN OLD SOLDIERS SAID WE SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM

THE GOVERNMENT SEES THAT THE WAR IS UNWINNABLE AND BEGINS TO MAKE PLANS TO WITHDRAW THE TROOPS

ENDING THE WAR


Cambodia
CAMBODIA SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM

  • NIXON BEGINS TO BOMB CAMBODIA

  • PROTESTS IN THE US INTENSIFY

  • IN 1969 HO CHI MINH DIES

  • ATTACKS ON CAMBODIA CAUSE OUTRAGE IN THE US

  • NIXON BEGINS WITHDRAWING TROOPS IN 1972


End of the war
END OF THE WAR SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM

  • BY 1973 ALL WAS LOST AND A PEACE AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED IN JANUARY OF 1973

  • POW’S WERE RETURNED, BUT NOT ALL

  • FIGHTING CONTINUED DESPITE THE TREATY, THE END WAS NEAR HOWEVER

  • THEN ON APRIL30, 1975 SAIGON FELL AND US TROOPS LEFT VIETNAM


Aftermath of the war
AFTERMATH OF THE WAR SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM

  • THE WAR LASTED FROM 1961-1973

  • OVER 55,000 AMERICANS WERE KIA

  • MANY AMERICAN BOYS LOST LEGS, ARMS AND THEIR SANITY

  • THE WORLD WAS CHANGED FOREVER BY THIS CONFLICT AND IN THE END WE CAME OUT ON THE LOSING END OF THE BATTLE


Freeedom has a price
FREEEDOM HAS A PRICE SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM

  • WE SHOULD NEVER TAKE FOR GRANTED WHAT SO MANY GAVE SO MUCH TO PRESERVE IN THE NAME OF FREEDOM

  • EVERYDAY WE REAP THE BENEFITS OF WHAT AMERICAN MEN AND WOMEN HAVE FOUGHT AND DIED FOR, SO NEVER FORGET THE THEM


Remembering the fallen
REMEMBERING THE FALLEN SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM


Heroes of the day
HEROES OF THE DAY SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM


Boys to men
BOYS TO MEN SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM



Life would ever be the same for anyone
LIFE WOULD EVER BE THE SAME FOR ANYONE SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM


All gave some some gave all
ALL GAVE SOME, SOME GAVE ALL SHOULD GET OUT OF VIETNAM


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