PABLO PICASSO and CUBISM PABLO PICASSO (1881 – 1973) Picasso was the most famous living artist. He was born in Spain. He lived to the age of 92. He worked mostly in France. He showed exceptional diversity in his work. He was a painter, graphic artist, sculptor,
Picasso was the most famous living artist.
He was born in Spain.
He lived to the age of 92.
He worked mostly in France.
He showed exceptional diversity in his work.
He was a painter, graphic artist, sculptor,
stage set designer and much more.
Picasso’s career was a patchwork of different
Self – Portrait (1907)
He created an art style called ‘Cubism’ around 1907.
He simplified form.
Presenting reality as composition of shapes.
Stripped it down to essentials.
Broke it down into blocks of color.
These artists were called ‘Cubists’.
He experimented painting portraits, still life,
landscapes and sculpture in this art style.
Three women (1908)
He tried to break up the visual world into
blocks of color – squares, triangles, cubes,
Restructured the subject into angular planes.
Key element of his style – Cubist geometry was
his own creation.
This marked the real beginning of Abstract art.
He placed his outlines and areas of color
boldly, making no attempt to flesh out an
appearance of a living person.
He was stylizing it into something that was less
and less naturalistic.
His new approach put an end to the traditional
scheme of foreground, middle ground and
background and the demarcation of subject and
Head of a man (1907)
Head of a woman (1907)
Woman with a fan (1909)
Queen Isabella (1908)
Farm woman (1908)
Farm woman (1908)
Head and shoulders of a man (1909)
Woman Mandolin (1909)
Green pan and black bottle (1908)
Pitcher and bowls (1908)
Fruit in a vase (1909)
Bread, fruit and table (1908)
Wine glasses and fruit (1908)
Fish and bottles (1908)
House in the garden (1908)
House and trees (1908)
Portrait of Ambroise Vollard (1910)
The image is dissected or analyzed
Lines continued at random
Shows the artist’s skill with playing with the
Picture surface resembling fractured glass
‘Analytical Cubism’ was called the first phase of
Still Life with Chair Cane (1912)
In 1912 Picasso and a few other artists
composed Still life with cut scraps of material.
They were the first serious artists to use
collage in their work.
They incorporated printed text, musical
scores, wallpaper, chair caning etc.
Collage became a widely used technique
Charcoal, pencil, ink and pasted paper
Picasso constantly changed his style during his long life. At each phase he opened up new paths which other artists followed. For him ‘CUBISM’ ended with world war I in 1914. He continued to experiment with many other art styles until the age of 92.