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NASA Engineering and Safety Center. (1). NASA Engineering and Safety Center. Agenda NESC OverviewMike Hagopian SPRT OverviewFrank Bauer NESC ProcessesBob Kichak NESC Pathfinders Rudder Speed BrakeBob Kichak X-43Frank Bauer CalipsoMike Hagopian MERFrank Bauer

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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

(1)


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Agenda

  • NESC OverviewMike Hagopian

  • SPRT OverviewFrank Bauer

  • NESC ProcessesBob Kichak

  • NESC Pathfinders

    • Rudder Speed BrakeBob Kichak

    • X-43Frank Bauer

    • CalipsoMike Hagopian

    • MERFrank Bauer

  • Recent Activities

    • Shuttle Anomalies; FlowlinerMike Hagopian

    • ISS CMGs; Cassini; GenesisFrank Bauer

    • FPGAs; Data IntegrityBob Kichak


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Overview

Mike Hagopian


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

  • On July 15, 2003, Administrator O’Keefe announced plans to create the NASA Engineering and Safety Center at Langley Research Center.

The Center will provide a central location to coordinate and conduct robust, independent engineering and safety assessments across the Agency.


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

  • Charter approved by Executive Council on August 1, 2003

  • Management Plan approved October 3, 2003

  • Operational on November 1, 2003

  • Four path-finder assessments conducted

  • Several Independent Technical Assessments and Consultations on-going


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

“ … I named my spacecraft Sigma Seven. Sigma, a Greek symbol for the sum of the elements of an equation, stands for engineering excellence. That was my goal – engineering excellence. I would not settle for less …”

From “Schirra’s Space” by Wally Schirra

NESC’s Goal is Engineering Excellence – We will not settle for less!


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NESC philosophy and culture

Safety through Engineering Excellence

Mission Success Starts with Safety

Safety Starts with Engineering Excellence

NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC will cultivate a Safety culture by providing knowledgeable technical leadership

to perform independent in-depth technical assessments in an open environment

with unequalled tenacity.


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

What problem are we trying to solve?

“The safety organization sits right beside the (shuttle) person making the

decision, but behind the safety organization there is nothing there, no

people, money, engineering, expertise, analysis.”

“ … there is no ‘there’ there”

Adm. Harold Gehman

(1)


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

  • Problem: NASA lacks “value added” independent assessment of technical issues within its programs and institutions.

    • Our safety philosophy has 3 tenets

      • Strong in-line checks and balances

      • Healthy tension

      • “Value added” independent assessment

  • Example Solutions: Large complex problems are solved utilizing “One NASA” philosophy under emergency tiger team approach.

    • Flowliner, BSTRA, Columbia Accident Investigation


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Challenge:

How do we maintain this “One NASA” Tiger Team approach to provide our programs and institutions much needed independent assessment?

Proposed Solution:

  • Establish a NASA Engineering & Safety Center (NESC)

  • Establish a small NESC management office at LaRC


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Proposed Solution: (cont’d)

  • Decentralized organizational structure across all Centers reporting to the NESC management office

    • Engineers need to be where the problems are to stay sharp

  • Strong systems engineering function for independent trending and systems engineering analysis

  • Small core of engineering experts for insight into respective programs

    • Select and promote best engineers to “dig” for issues and trends


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Proposed Solution: (cont’d)

  • Use “ready” experts at each Center through formal task agreements

  • Establish Super Problem Resolution Teams (SPRTs) by discipline

    • Select recognized Agency discipline experts to lead SPRTs

  • Pool senior engineering resources to attack “trouble spots”

    • Overcome negative connotation of IA by offering our best technical expertise

  • NESC gains its independence by being funded at the Agency level


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Independent

Assessment

Agency-wide

GS15, ST, SL, SES

NESC

GS14-15 ,

ST, SL, SES

Senior Engineers

In-line Functions

Programs and Institutions

Junior Engineers

GS9-13

Co-Ops, Interns, Freshouts

GS5-7

NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Proposed Solution:

  • Establish natural hierarchy of engineering progression

    • Engineers must aspire to be in the NESC

    • Challenging work, visibility, pay and promotion


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GNC -

NDE -

Propulsion -

Power & Avionics -

Mechanical Analysis -

Flight Sciences -

Mechanical Systems -

Human Factors -

Materials -

Structures -

Fluids/Life Support/Thermal -

Software -

Frank Bauer (GSFC)

Dr. Ed Generazio (LaRC)

George Hopson (MSFC)

Robert Kichak (GSFC)

Julie Kramer (Acting) (JSC)

Steve Labbe (Acting) (JSC)

John McManamen (JSC)

Dr. Cynthia Null (ARC)

Dr. Robert Piascik (LaRC)

Dr. Ivatury Raju (LaRC)

Henry Rotter (JSC)

Steve Scott (GSFC)

Office of the Director

Director - Ralph Roe

Deputy Director - Dr. Paul Munafo

Deputy Director for Safety - Larry Crawford

SMA Integration - John Tinsley (HQ)

Chief Astronaut - Dr. Steve Hawley (JSC)

Chief Scientist - Dr. David Leckrone (GSFC)

NESC

Leadership Team/

NESC Review Board

LaRC

Management & Technical

Support Office

Systems Engineering Office

Principal Engineers Office

Ken Cameron

Clinton Cragg

Dr. Richard Gilbrech

Dr. Charles Harris

Manager – Ralph Roe (Acting)

Manager - Stan Newberry

LaRC

LaRC

LaRC

NESC Chief Engineers Office

NESC Discipline Experts Office

GRC - Derrick Cheston

ARC - Dr. Michael Freeman

SSC - Randy Galloway

LaRC - Dr. Michael Gilbert

GSFC - Michael Hagopian

JSC - David Hamilton

MSFC - Danny Johnston

DFRC - Michael Kehoe

JPL - Matt Landano (Acting)

KSC - Tim Wilson

NASA Centers

NASA Centers


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Number of NESC Leadership Team personnel from each Center

External - 2

3 leadership positions yet to be filled

GSFC - 5

GRC - 1

HQ - 2

LaRC - 6

ARC - 2

DFRC- 2

JPL - 1

MSFC - 3

SSC - 2

JSC- 4

KSC - 1


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Discipline Super Problem Resolution Team (SPRT)

Introduction and Staffing

Frank H. Bauer

Mission Success Starts With Safety • Safety Starts With Engineering Excellence


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

  • NASA lacks “value added” independent assessment of technical issues within its programs and institutions.

  • NESC created to provide independent assessment of technical issues

    • Scope

      • Independent in-depth technical assessments

      • Independent trend analysis

      • Independent systems engineering analysis

      • Mishap Investigations

      • Support Programs

      • Focus on High Risk Programs

  • NESC independent assessment uses discipline experts from across NASA and Nation in Super Problem Resolution Teams


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NESC Principles of Operation

  • Proactive – Test and analysis of issues or trends not currently being addressed by the program

  • Active – Independent review of known risk areas

  • Reactive – Independent investigation of mishaps and close calls

  • Set example for safety culture through engineering excellence

  • Encourage/document /disposition dissenting opinions

  • Measure performance with metrics


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NESC Personnel / Staffing

  • NESC permanent staffing includes:

    • Principal Engineers located at NASA Langley

    • NESC Chief Engineers (NCE) located at each NASA Field Center

    • Systems Engineers located across the Agency

    • NESC Discipline Experts (NDE) for specific disciplines located across the Agency

      • Fluids/Life Support/Thermal, Flight Sciences, Guidance Navigation & Control, Human Factors, Materials, Mechanical Analysis, Mechanical Systems, Non-Destructive Evaluation, Power & Avionics, Propulsion, Software, Structures

    • Chief Scientist & Chief Astronaut

  • NDE’s, Chief Scientist & Chief Astronaut are the leaders of National expert teams…called Super Problem Resolution Teams (SPRT)


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SPRT’s

  • SPRT’s are the backbone of the NESC

  • SPRT’s shall have membership from multiple sources

    • NASA, industry, academia and other Government Agencies

  • SPRT’s will provide technical support of NESC assessments

    • Independent expertise/reviews and leadership

    • Independent test, analysis and evaluation – not just technical opinions

  • NESC Discipline Experts working with NASA leadership to identify SPRT membership for each specific discipline

  • Changes/additions to SPRT’s will be negotiated with the respective NASA Centers/organizations, as required


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Structures

Discipline Expert

GN&C

Discipline Expert

NDE Chief

Discipline Expert

TBD

Discipline Expert

ARC

DFRC

GRC

GSFC

JPL

JSC

KSC

LaRC

MSFC

Stennis

DOD

University

National Labs

Consultants

ARC

DFRC

GRC

GSFC

JPL

JSC

KSC

LaRC

MSFC

Stennis

DOD

University

National Labs

Consultants

ARC

DFRC

GRC

GSFC

JPL

JSC

KSC

LaRC

MSFC

Stennis

DOD

University

National Labs

Consultants

ARC

DFRC

GRC

GSFC

JPL

JSC

KSC

LaRC

MSFC

Stennis

DOD

University

National Labs

Consultants

NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Discipline Expert

Super Problem Resolution Teams (SPRT’s)


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SPRT Discipline Team Model

SPRTNESC Discipline

Expert

Core Team Members

Sub-discipline

Experts

Technical Team

Support

SPRT Discipline Team


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Team Roles & Responsibilities

Expectation: Several discipline SPRTs running concurrently

  • Core Team Members

    • Provide discipline leadership to SPRTs

    • Knowledgeable of several sub-disciplines within SPRT (e.g. for GN&C could be attitude control, gyros, star trackers)

    • Possess majority of expertise (50-60%) required to resolve SPRT problems

    • Understanding of I/TAI processes so can effectively communicate these to sub-discipline experts when I/TAI started

    • Attends bi-weekly SPRT team meeting & face-to-face meetings

  • Sub-discipline experts

    • Provide “drill down” expertise in specific sub-discipline (e.g. for GN&C could be gyro expert, star tracker expert, trajectory expert, etc)

    • On-call to the team

    • Attends face-to-face meetings (1-2x yearly)

  • Technical Team Support Engineers

    • GS-11-13 engineers

    • Provide support to SPRT team by setting up meetings and teleconferences, take meeting minutes, participate in discussions (observers, not voting members)

    • Enables junior experts to become part of the NESC process and serves vital team function


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NESC SPRTs on ITA/Is

NESC Director /

Review Board (NRB)

NESC Chief

Engineers (NCE)

NESC Principal

Engineers (NPE)

NESC Discipline

Experts (NDE)

  • ITA/I Team – NESC led team of independent experts conducts independent test, analysis and inspection on selected requests

  • Primarily Led by NPE

    • Could be NDE or NCE

  • Comprised of Discipline SPRT experts

Independent Technical

Assessment / Inspection

(ITA/I) Team

Super Problem Resolution

Team (SPRT) Core

  • SPRT Tech Experts – Roster of focused discipline experts with skills / capabilities in a particular field of the discipline

  • Conduct Test, Analysis, Evaluations in their field of expertise in support of NESC ITA/Is

  • Readily Accessible

  • Considered the Best of the Best

  • Matrix support to NESC as Requested

  • On Call to Support an IAT/I

  • Time / resources covered by NESC PWC

  • SPRT Core – 10 to 20 experts with broad based experience and knowledge across the range of the discipline

  • Regular SPRT Telecons (bi-weekly

  • Peer Review of IAT/I Products

  • Think Tank for Discipline

  • Annual Working Group Meetings

  • Low Level Continuous Support to NESC

  • Time Covered via NESC PWC

  • On Call to Support an IAT/I

SPRT Tech Experts

(NASA)

SPRT Tech Experts

(Other Govt. Agency)

SPRT Tech Experts

(Industry)

SPRT Tech Experts

(Academia)


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Benefits to being an SPRT Member

  • Provides an opportunity to interact with the best of the best in NASA, Industry, Academia and other Government Agencies

  • Challenging assignments & interaction with discipline experts

    • Invaluable Experience gained helping resolve NASA’s critical issues

    • High Impact / High Feedback / High Visibility / Job Satisfaction

  • Growth through addressing broad spectrum of technical issues and gaining experiences within chosen discipline

    • Problem Resolution Team is a challenging experience

    • Recognition and Interaction within technical discipline


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Benefits to being an SPRT Member (cont.)

  • Exposure to other NASA programs, projects, cultures, methods, business practices across the agency

  • Potential career development experiences and opportunities

    • NESC is pursuing human resource initiatives and benefits to supporting NESC

  • Provides a review team for Programs and Projects members to identify their own project concerns and issues for the SPRT to review and decided if further study/review is required


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Organization Benefits of Supporting NESC

  • Provides employees opportunity to interact with the best of the best in NASA, Industry, Academia & other Government Agencies

  • Comprehensive expertise obtained through NESC agency level experience broadens employees technical experience

    • Across full spectrum of discipline

    • Provides a better employee through this experience

    • Teaches method for problem resolution and how to obtain corrective actions

  • Lead & Participation in a “OneNASA” initiative

  • Exposure to other NASA programs, projects, cultures, methods, business practices across the agency

    • Broadens employee horizons via wide network of interaction

    • Gains experience outside employee’s own work area

  • Potential for NESC funding

  • Recognition of Discipline Expertise within your center/organization


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NESC Processes

Bob Kichak


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Processes

  • Independent Technical Assessments

  • Technical Inspections

  • Technical Support

  • Technical Advocacy

  • Selection & Prioritization

  • NESC Review Board

  • Knowledge Capture and Communication

  • Mishap Investigation

  • Dissenting Opinions

  • Awards


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NRB Executive

NESC Review

NESC Director

Secretary

Board (NRB)

Start

1.1

1.2

Prepare draft

Review,

Agenda &

Approve, or

Submit for

Modify

Approval

1.3

Distribute

final Agenda

1.4

1.5

Assemble All

Review

Materials for

Agenda &

Review &

Posted

Post

Materials

1.6

Convene

NRB

1.7

Participate in

NRB & Provide

Recommend-

ations

3.0

Document

and

Disseminate

NRB

Products

NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Processes

  • All requests are catalogued and tracked through disposition

    • Multiple sources for requests

      • Insight of NESC members

        • Participation in program boards and panels

        • Independent trend analysis

      • Senior NASA Managers

      • Program/Project Managers or team members

      • Institutional Engineering and S&MA

      • NASA employees

      • NESC Anonymous Reporting System

      • Phone calls/emails

      • NSRS


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Processes (cont’d)

  • NESC Selection Process

    • Initial request screening completed by Systems Engineering Office

      • Coarse filter screen

      • Two-person rule for rejections/referrals

    • Second screen completed by NESC Chief Engineer (NCE)

      • Research request

      • Conduct risk assessment (NARMA)

      • Board presentation with recommendation

    • NESC Review Board makes final decision by team consensus

      • Accept and support with NESC resources (assessments & inspections)

      • Otherwise, re-direct to another NASA Org

        • Close-loop notification to customer

Independent Funding


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Processes (cont’d)

  • Assessment and Inspection

    • Teams

      • Led primarily by NESC Principal Eng or NESC Discipline Experts

      • Comprised of engineers from discipline Super Problem Resolution Teams (SPRTs)

        • NASA, industry, national labs, academia and other government agencies

        • Independent from program or project

    • Communication

      • Initial program/project notification

        • POC identification

      • In briefs, exit briefs, status reports, and formal engineering reports

Independent Team Members


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Processes (cont’d)

  • Reports

    • Written technical engineering reports

      • Based on independent test, analysis, and data review

      • Will include findings, observations, recommendations, and actions

    • Reviewed and approved by NESC Review Board – peer review

      • Only products that have been peer reviewed by the NESC Review Board will use the NESC logo and header

    • Program/project responsible for corrective action and/or reclamas

      • NESC can provide support if requested

    • NESC must concur in corrective action plans and will follow-up as appropriate

This briefing is for status only and does not represent complete engineering data analysis


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Processes (cont’d)

  • Knowledge Capture and Communication

    • A list active NESC assessments, inspections and support activities will be posted to the web site

    • Customers will receive periodic status reports

    • NESC will share results of investigations and inspections

      • Programs and projects will have chance to respond to findings and recommendations prior to releasing reports

      • Final reports will be posted to web site

    • Lessons learned will be presented at quarterly leadership briefings


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Pathfinders


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Path-Finder Assessments

Orbiter Rudder Speed Brake Actuator Braycote Grease

  • Requested by Space Shuttle Program Manager

  • Assessed the potential breakdown of Braycote grease in the rudder speed brake actuators

  • Discovered planetary gear assembly installed backwards

    X-43A

  • Requested through a “dissenting opinion” email to the NESC

  • Specific technical concerns with several aerodynamic issues in return to flight approach

  • Worked with project manager to ensure concerns are addressed and properly dispositioned

  • X-43A a resounding success


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

NESC Path-Finder Assessments (cont’d)

CALIPSO – Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations

  • Requested by GSFC Deputy Center Director/Center Director

  • Assessed human safety risks associated with the possibility of leakage through threaded mechanical fasteners in a mono-propellant system

    Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Flight Operations

  • Requested by JPL Safety and Mission Assurance Office

  • Provided human factors review of flight controller operations and review of entry, descent and landing phases---several recommendations provided to the MER team to improve ops

  • Assisted in data review following landing of first rover to determine potential impacts to second rover’s entry, descent and landing phases


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Recent Activities

  • Shuttle Anomalies; FlowlinerMike Hagopian

  • ISS CMGs; Cassini; GenesisFrank Bauer

  • FPGAs; Data IntegrityBob Kichak


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NASA Engineering and Safety Center

Summary:

  • NASA established small decentralized NASA Engineering & Safety Center (NESC)

  • Utilizes existing senior engineering expertise at the Centers, reporting to NESC management office at LaRC---One NASA

  • Gain independence by funding at Agency level and reporting to Langley Center Director and Codes D and Q

  • Provide “value added” independent assessment by having the best technical expertise available where it is needed most

    Safety through Engineering Excellence

  • Maintain the organization through a natural hierarchy of engineering progression

  • See the NESC web site for more information: http://nesc.nasa.gov


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