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Archived Information Overcome the Digital Divide Craig B. Luigart Chief Information Officer [email protected] June 27, 2001 We Begin Time Line ANCIENT WRITING 30,000 BC 3,000 BC 100 AD 700 AD Cave Painting Hieroglyphics Parchment Illuminated Manuscript PRINTING PRESS AND BEYOND

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Archived information overcome the digital divide l.jpg

Archived InformationOvercome the Digital Divide

Craig B. Luigart

Chief Information Officer

[email protected]

June 27, 2001


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We Begin Time Line

ANCIENT WRITING

30,000 BC

3,000 BC

100 AD

700 AD

CavePainting

Hieroglyphics

Parchment

Illuminated Manuscript

PRINTING PRESS AND BEYOND

1455

1885

1912

1935

SmallPrinting Press

Black & White Photos of Titanic on Front Covers of Newspapers

Gutenberg’s Printing Press

Color BookCovers

Overcome the Digital Divide


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We Begin Again Time Line

Last 20 Years

1981

1991

1992

1999

Random House Electronic Thesaurus

Sony’s Kludgy Data Discman

Books on CD-ROM

Rocket eBook and the Softbook

Future

2000

2004

2005

2008

Readeron a Laptop

Tablet PC

eBook Titles and ePeriodical Sales Top One Billion $!

eBook Sales Outperforming Paperback Book Sales

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Post Gutenberg Age

  • E-books

    • 20 years - 90% of what we read will be electronic

    • Price Differential - Hardcopy of Encyclopedia Britannica for $2000 or the on-line set for about $100

    • iBooks Pilot in Virginia

  • Sony’s Playstation II

    • 66 m polygons/sec

  • Experiential Learning

    • 20,000 simulated surgeries upon arrival to medical school

    • Virtual testing of chemical combinations

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Industrial Age

Steam Engine

Electricity

Information Age

Wireless

Internet Technologies

New Government New Technology Defines Economy and Society

Overcome the Digital Divide


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New Government

E-Government

  • Horizontal Linkage of the Government

  • Acquisitions Impacted by Section 508

  • E-Grants Driven by the Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA)

  • E-Rate Program - Effort to ‘Bridge’ the Digital Divide

    Redefines Common Business Procedures

  • Better Serve its Customers

  • Effort to Become Customer-centric

Overcome the Digital Divide


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The Digital Divide

  • Digital Divide Comparable to Head Start Program 40 Years Ago

    • Head Start - created for students who were inadequately prepared for school, as a result of environment or lack of educational experience

    • Digital Divide - represents the gap between those students exposed to information technology and those students who have not had the benefit of “growing up digital”

  • Steps to Close Digital Divide

    • Access to Technology

    • Teacher Training

    • Accessibility for the Disabled

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Access to Technology

  • Henrico County Public Schools Pilot ProgramCommonwealth of Virginia

    • Brings the district closer to having access to wirelessly networked mobile computing – enabling learning to reach far beyond the classroom

    • Redefines role of technology in education – changing teaching methods and learning strategies for the classroom

    • Ahead of the curve – shifting much of its curriculum to digital media

    • Kids on laptops

    • Commercial Partnership

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Access to TechnologyThrough Broadband

  • Definition:

    The term "broadband" refers to any type of transmission technique that carries several data channels over a common wire. DSL services, for example, combine separate voice and data channels over a single telephone line.

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)

  • Provides high-speed networking over ordinary phone lines using digital modem technology.

  • Integrates voice and data functionality,bringing the "always on“ featureof the telephone to the computernetwork.

  • Theoretically supports data ratesof 8,448 Kbps (8.448 Mbps), althoughtypical rates vary from 1,544 Kbps to512 Kbps and sometimes aslow as 90 Kbps.

Overcome the Digital Divide


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DISH Network® and StarBandsm

DISH Network Signal

StarBand Internet Signal

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Comparison

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Teacher Training

  • Learning institutions are encouraged to provide continuous and relevant training and support for educators and administrators at all levels

  • Findings of the Web-based Education Commissions revealed that not enough is being done to assure that today’s educators have the skills and knowledge for effective Web-based teaching

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Accessibility for the Disabled

  • Technology can level the playing field and increase the independence of people with disabilities

  • Cost is a problem – computers with adaptive technology can cost $20,000

  • Statistics reveal that access to the Internet and computer use by the disabled could be improved – technology helps “level the playing field”

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Leave No Child Behind

  • Current educational initiatives focusing on education and technology

    • Expanding Flexibility, Reducing Bureaucracy

      • Title I Flexibility

      • Increased funds to schools for technology

    • Improving Teacher Quality

      • All students taught by quality teachers

      • Funding what works

Overcome the Digital Divide


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Closing Thoughts

  • Technology is not a panacea

  • Technology is powerful tool

  • Student centered, continuous learning

    Technology should help ensure that no child is left behind

Overcome the Digital Divide


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