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Ladder of Values. An intro to the themes of Dantes’ Inferno. Arrange the following in order, putting at the top the action you consider to be the worst (1) and at the bottom the action to be the least serious (12). A Stealing your best friend’s boyfriend or girlfriend

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ladder of values

Ladder of Values

An intro to the themes of Dantes’ Inferno


Arrange the following in order, putting at the top the action you consider to be the worst (1) and at the bottom the action to be the least serious (12).

  • A Stealing your best friend’s boyfriend or girlfriend
  • B Killing someone you are supposed to love or be loyal to (like a parent or a sibling)
  • C Cheating on a test
  • D Flattering your boss in hopes of getting a promotion (or a teacher in hopes of getting a good grade)
  • E Blasphemy (cursing God and meaning it)
  • F Overeating (a whole lot) or getting very drunk – often
  • G Being a spendthrift, spending money on foolishness
  • H Starting a war or a riot (being the instigator)
  • I Having sexual intercourse with someone you love, even though you are not married
  • J Losing your temper and yelling at someone, even hitting him or her
  • K Seducing someone you do not love
  • L Killing many people in a war
dante s inferno

Dante’s Inferno

An exciting journey through

all the circles of Hell


“Abandon all hope, ye who enter here…”

“Hell has enlarged its soul and opened its mouth without any limits.”

- Isaiah 5:14

the seven deadly sins saint thomas aquinas
The Seven Deadly Sins (Saint Thomas Aquinas)
  • Lust
  • Gluttony
  • Avarice
  • Sloth
  • Anger
  • Envy
  • Pride
three types of sin dante alighieri
Three Types of Sin (Dante Alighieri)
  • Incontinence (Level 1)
    • Lack of self control
  • Violence(Level 2)
    • Conscious violation of God’s will
  • Fraudulent and Traitorous (Level 3)
    • Using reason and intellect as a weapon
VESTIBULE: Neutrals and Opportunists, indecisive, no real beliefs, those who don’t choose sides
  • CIRCLE #1—LIMBO: Virtuous Pagans and Unbaptized Babies
  • CIRCLE #2: Carnal and Lustful
  • CIRCLE #3: Gluttons
  • CIRCLE #4: Hoarders and Wasters CIRCLE #5: Wrathful and Sullen or Slothful
the first circle
The First Circle
  • Limbo
  • Virtuous pagans & unbaptized infants
  • Homer, Socrates and Plato
  • “Only so far afflicted that without hope” they “live in desire” (4.42)
the second circle
The Second Circle
  • The Lustful
  • Minos sits in judgment
  • Blown about forever by stormy winds just as, in life, they were blown about by the winds of passion
the third circle
The Third Circle

The Gluttons


The Third Circle

Guarded by Cerberus

Wallow in mud and muck

Besieged by hail & filthy water

the avaricious and the prodigal
The avaricious and the prodigal

The Fourth Circle

Avaricious (greedy)

Prodigal (wasteful)

Useless Labor

the fifth circle
The Fifth Circle
  • The Wrathful, Sullen, or Slothful
  • Attacking one another

City of Dis

Boundary between upper and lower Hell.

CIRCLE #6: Heretics
  • CIRCLE #7.1: Violence Against Neighbors CIRCLE #7.2: Violence Against Oneself (Forest of the Suicides)
  • CIRCLE #7.3.1: Violence Against God CIRCLE #7.3.2: Violence Against Nature (Homosexuals)
  • CIRCLE #7.3.3: Violence Against Art


Piero delle vigne




violence against nature

male homosexuality



Ugolino and Ruggieri


The Malbolge

  • “Bad Pockets”
  • Entry to lowest levels of Hell – for those who use their God-given intellect to distort the truth:
  • Fraud
  • Treachery
Circle 8: Fraud
  • CIRCLE #8.1: Pimps, Panderers, and Seducers
  • CIRCLE #8.2: Flatterers
  • CIRCLE #8.3: Simonists (Users of the Church)
  • CIRCLE #8.4: Fortunetellers and Soothsayers
  • CIRCLE #8.5: Grafters
  • CIRCLE #8.6: Hypocrites
  • CIRCLE #8.7: Thieves
  • CIRCLE #8.8: Evil Counselors and Deceivers
  • CIRCLE #8.9: Sowers of Discord/Scandal/Schism
  • CIRCLE #8.10: Falsifiers

CIRCLE #8.3:

The Simonists


CIRCLE #8.5: Grafters

“the acquisition of gain (as money) in dishonest or questionable ways; also: illegal or unfair gain”






CIRCLE #9.1 - CAINA: Treachery to Kindred
  • CIRCLE #9.2 - ANTENORA: Treachery to Country or Political Party
  • CIRCLE #9.3 - TOLOMEA: Treachery to Guests
  • CIRCLE #9.4 - JUDECCA: Treachery to Lords or Superiors
  • LOWEST LEVEL OF HELL: The worst of those who betrayed their benefactors

~Satan, Judas Iscariot, Brutus, and Cassius (Macbeth?)

where do you fit in
Where do you fit in?
  • Take the test and find out…if you DARE