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Influence of the Reinheitsgebot. Evan Pierce Wim. German Beer Statistics . 1350 breweries in Germany 5000 different beers to choose from The average German drinks 114 liters of beer, third highest in the world. Topics Discussed. History of Beer Importance of Beer Beer Coming to German

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Influence of the Reinheitsgebot

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Influence of the reinheitsgebot l.jpg

Influence of the Reinheitsgebot

Evan Pierce

Wim


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German Beer Statistics

  • 1350 breweries in Germany

  • 5000 different beers to choose from

  • The average German drinks 114 liters of beer, third highest in the world


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Topics Discussed

  • History of Beer

  • Importance of Beer

  • Beer Coming to German

  • Purity Law

  • Unifying Germany

  • German Beer in America

  • Reinheitsgebot

  • Hops

  • Types of Beer


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History of Beer

  • Origins are unknown

  • Best guess was a fermented wildly in the vast natural wheat fields of Ukraine.

  • Man has been drinking beer before written speech

  • Also, man has been making beer before settling the cities of Mesopotamia


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History of Beer

  • Mesopotamia Kings gave a ration of Beer to its citizens.

  • Beer was fermented in Ancient Egypt and is said to be where most of today's European brews originated.

  • The oldest known Recipe is brewed by DogFish Head called Midas Touch


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Importance of Beer

  • Beer was an important source of water

  • Lack of the Germ Theory allowed for sewage and trash to be tossed into drinking sources

  • Beer was cleaner than water source

  • Also, provided a notional value as it was a good source of vitamin B and other vitamins as well.

  • Beer was also used to season food as it was used to batter fried foods


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Early Beer

  • Brewed by women who were in danger of burning to death from open flame

  • Liver disease was probably common

  • Beer was brewed with unconventional preservatives such as soot and hallucinogenic mushrooms.


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Beer Coming to Germany

  • How and when are unknown, Egypt, Ukraine and France all say that they taught the Germans how to brew

  • Fermented Beverages were in the area of Germany before Attila

  • Charlemagne brewed beer for himself.


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First Brewery

  • First brewery in Germany was built in 725 CE.

  • Built as a monastery by monks but became a Brewery over the years

  • Today it is the oldest known brewery in the world.


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Reinheitsgebot

  • Purity Law enacted by Duke William I V of Bavaria in 1516

  • Limited what beer could be made with and how much beer to sell at a certain cost.


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Reinheitsgebot

  • Limited Beer to be made with only three ingredients.

  • Water

  • Barley

  • Hops


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Reinheitsgabolt

  • Yeast was not included at first because it was not known to be an ingredient in alcohol.

  • To start fermentation process wort was left out in the open to use unknown wild yeast.

  • Also, bread was added or left over batches of the previous brew was used to begin fermentation


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Unification

  • Reinheitsgebot became such an important part of the culture that it was used to establish Germany during the unification process .

  • Bavaria would not unify without the purity laws and was a great struggle as other parts of Germany refused to brew with the restrictions.


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German Beer in America

  • German style Beer came to America in the early 1 8 00’s

  • First German Brewery in America was established by the Y uengling Family in Pottsville Pennsylvania

  • Brewed beer following the Reinheitsgebot

  • Beer tasted cleaner and crisper than German Beer


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German Beer in America

  • With a large immigration of Germans through out the 1800’s over 4000 breweries are built

  • Over time breweries consolidate to around 2000 breweries across the US

  • Prohibition closes down many of the breweries


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Beer in America

  • Prohibition stops breweries from making alcoholic beverages.

  • Beer Breweries tried to survive by making cereal beers.

  • When prohibition end the country is at war and breweries are limited to what the can make and resort to rice and corn to brew beer.


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Beer in America

  • Today micro breweries are making beers that follow the reinheitsgebot and traditional European brews.

  • Major Corporate breweries are even catering to the craft beer market.


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Reinheitsgebot Today

  • Reinheitsgebot today has been scrutinized by other members of the European Union

  • Other member of the EU found that the purity law created a barrier for foreign competitors to sell their product in Germany

  • In 1987 the European Court forced Germany to allow foreign competitors to sell in Germany


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Reinheitsgebot Today

  • Germany allowed foreign competitors into the market with strict advertising regulations

  • If the beer was not brewed with according to the purity law than it could not be advertised as beer.

  • Instead of being advertised as beer had to be advertised as a malt bevarage


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German Hops

  • Germany is also known for its Hops and first documented country to use hops in brewing

  • Important preservative and flavoring ingredient of Beer

  • Germany is the major producer of the Noble Hops.


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German Hops

  • Hallertau

  • Spalt

  • Saaz

  • Tettnag

  • All are low in bitterness and high in aroma


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Types of German Beer

  • Germany produces both types of beers Lagers and Ales

  • Most famous for developing and producing lagers

  • Lager translates into English “To Store”

  • Traditional Lagers are brewed with bottom fermenting yeast and fermented. They are then stored from 30 days up to six months in cool temperatures

  • The outcome is a cleaner crisper beer.


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List of German Beers

  • AltBier

  • Kölsch

  • Weizen

  • Berliner Weisse

  • Leipziger Göse

  • Helles

  • Schwarzbier

  • Pilsener

  • Export

  • Spezial

  • Dunkel

  • Rauchbier

  • Bock


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Sources

  • “Hops”, Food, April19, 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hops

  • “William IV Duke of Bavaria,” March 18, 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_IV%2C_Duke_of_Bavaria

  • “Germ Theory of Disease”, April 13, 2008. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_IV%2C_Duke_of_Bavaria

  • “Reinheitsgebot” April 15th 2008, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinheitsgebot

  • Madden, Cheryl, Personal Interview. 2 March 2008

  • Michael Newkirk, Ancient Beer,

    http://www.rpi.edu/dept/chem-eng/Biotech-Environ/beer/history1.htm

  • Ricardo Roces, “The Development of Beer Through History ”, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/medny/roces2.html

  • Stephen Snyder. The Brew Masters Bible. Harper Collins NewYork 1997

  • Dog Fish Head, 2005-2008. “Midas Touch Gold Elixir” http://www.dogfish.com/brewings/Year_Round_Beers/Midas_Touch_Golden_Elixir/1/index.htm

  • TED Case Studies, German Beer Purity Law, 1/11/97: http://www.american.edu/TED/germbeer.htm

  • The daily Colligian Online, Home Brew, Novemner 16, 2006: http://www.collegian.psu.edu/archive/2006/11/11-16-06tdc/11-16-06darts-10.asp

  • Germans Purity Law, http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~girishv/beer/purity.html

  • http://www.brauerei-weihenstephan.de/index.php?page=home_2_1_1&PHPSESSID=&flash=1&PHPSESSID=

  • Mathew Evans, Duchess Beer, April 2007.


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