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CS 8520: Artificial Intelligence Conclusions. Paula Matuszek Fall, 2005. Weak AI: Can Machines Act Intelligently?. Some things they can do: Computer vision: face recognition from a large set Robotics: autonomous car Natural language processing: simple machine translation

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CS 8520: Artificial IntelligenceConclusions

Paula Matuszek

Fall, 2005

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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Weak AI: Can Machines Act Intelligently?

  • Some things they can do:

    • Computer vision: face recognition from a large set

    • Robotics: autonomous car

    • Natural language processing: simple machine translation

    • Spoken language systems: ~1000 word continuous speech

    • Learning: text categorization into ~1000 topics

    • Games: Grand Master level in chess (world champion), etc.

  • Some ways they do it:

    • Search

    • Knowledge Representation

    • Machine Learning

  • So -- yes or no?

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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Strong AI: Can Machines Really Think?

  • Argument from consciousness, Chinese Room

    • Computer programs are formal, syntactic entities

    • Minds have mental contents, or semantics

    • Syntax is not by itself sufficient for semantics

    • Brains cause minds.

  • What do we mean by "really think"?

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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What Next? AAAI/IAAI 2005 Invited Speakers

  • Internal Grounding, Reflection and the Illusion of Self-Consciousness, Marvin Minsky.

  • AI: More than the Sum of its Parts, Ronald J. Brachman

  • Knowledge as Power: A View from the Semantic Web, James Hendler

  • How Can AI and Robotics Help Us Understand Social Animal Behavior?, Tucker Balch

  • From Knowledge to Intelligence — Building Blocks and Applications, Chitta Baral

  • Multiagent Learning in Games, Amy Greenwald

  • Faceted Metadata in Search Interfaces, Marti Hearst

  • Representation Policy Iteration: A Unified Framework for Learning Behavior and Representation, Sridhar Mahadevan

  • May All Your Plans Succeed!, Dana S. Nau

  • From AI Winter to AI Spring: Can a New Theory of Neocortex Lead to Truly Intelligent Machines? Jeff Hawkins

  • Real World Applications of Genetic Programming: Circuits, Optics, Dynamic System Control, Martin A. Keane

  • AI Meets Web 2.0: Building The Web of Tomorrow Today, Jay M. Tenenbaum

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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AAAI/IAAI 2005 Papers

  • Activity and Plan Recognition: 5

  • Agents / Multiagent Systems: 27

  • Analogical and Case-Based Reasoning: 6

  • Auctions and Market-based Systems: 5

  • Automated Reasoning: 12

  • Constraint Satisfaction and Satisfiability: 20

  • Game Theory and Economic Models: 5

  • Human-Computer Interaction: 6

  • Knowledge Acquisition and Engineering: 2

  • Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: 19

  • Logic Programming: 4

  • Machine Learning: 35

  • Machine Perception: 5

  • Markov Decision Processes and Uncertainty: 11

  • Natural Language Processing and Speech Recognition: 15

  • Planning and Scheduling: 16

  • Robotics: 16

  • Search: 10

  • Semantic Web, Information Retrieval, and Extraction: 6

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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What Next? IJCAI 2005 Invited Speakers

  • Visual Tracking of Objects in Motion, Andrew Blake

  • The Quest for Efficient Probabilistic Inference, Adnan Darwiche

  • Understanding Molecular Regulatory Mechanisms, Nir Friedman

  • Babies and Bayes Nets: Causal Inference in Computers and Children, Alison Gopnik

  • Designing Robots: From Artificial Limbs to Powerful, Energetic, Autonomous Humanoids, Stephen Jacobsen

  • What's New in Statistical Machine Translation, Kevin Knight

  • The Next Generation of Automated Reasoning Methods, Bart Selman

  • Probabilistic Models of Human Sensorimotor Control, Daniel Wolper

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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IJCAI 2005 Papers

Presented Papers:

Case-Based Reasoning: 5 papers

Constraint Satisfaction and Search: 50 papers

Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: 46

Learning: 46

Multi-Agent: 12

NLP: 30

Philosophical Foundations: 3

Planning: 13

Uncertainty: 19

User Interface and Modeling: 4

Vision and Robotics:11

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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AAAI 2005 Workshops

  • Contexts and Ontologies: Theory, Practice and Applications

  • Educational Data Mining

  • Exploring Planning and Scheduling for Web Services, Grid and Autonomic Computing

  • Human Comprehensible Machine Learning

  • Inference for Textual Question Answering

  • Integrating Planning into Scheduling

  • Learning in Computer Vision

  • Link Analysis

  • Mobile Robot Workshop

  • Modular Construction of Human-Like Intelligence

  • Multiagent Learning

  • Question Answering in Restricted Domains

  • Spoken Language Understanding

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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IJCAI 2005 Workshops

  • Agents in Real-Time and Dynamic Environments

  • Knowledge and Reasoning for Answering Questions

  • Grammatical Inference Applications: Successes and Future Challenges

  • Modelling and Solving Problems with Constraints

  • Multi-Agent Information Retrieval and Recommender Systems

  • Reasoning, Representation, and Learning in Computer Games

  • Knowledge Management and Organisational Memories

  • [email protected]: Graduate Career Development for Women in Computing Research

  • Planning and Learning in A Priori Unknown or Dynamic Domains

  • Computational Models of Natural Argument

  • Reasoning with Uncertainty in Robotics

  • Nonmonotonic Reasoning, Action, and Change

  • Knowledge and Reasoning in Practical Dialogue Systems

  • Agents Applied in Health Care

  • Computational Creativity

  • Configuration

  • Distributed Constraint Reasoning

  • Modelling Others from Observations

  • Model-Based Systems

  • Advances in Preference Handling

  • AI and Autonomic Communications

  • Game Theoretic and Decision Theoretic Agents

  • Spatial and Temporal Reasoning

  • Modelling and Retrieval of Context

  • Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization

  • Logic and Communication in Multi-Agent Systems

  • Neural-Symbolic Learning and Reasoning

  • Trading Agent Design and Analysis

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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Where Will We Be in 25 Years?

2004 ??

2029 ??

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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And what if we get there?

CSC 8520: Artificial Intelligence. Paula Matuszek, Fall 2005


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