A trip to India. By Amita Plantz ED 417. Unit: Asia Grade level: 3 Lesson: India. Objectives. As a result of this lesson, the student will be able to: Locate India on a world map Identify India’s flag Explain why the Taj Mahal was built
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A trip to India
By Amita Plantz
Grade level: 3
BananasPaint (different colors)
Sugar Shape patterns to trace
Plain yogurt(triangles, circles, etc.
Plastic cupsmade from cardboard)
Large play area is needed
On this map, what color is India?
Location: South Asia
Capital of India: New Delhi
Official Language: Hindi
(34 rupees = 1 dollar)
How many rupees would I have
if I had 4 dollars?
India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separated from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains. Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of the continent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south of India is the Indian Ocean.
India is the seventh largest country in the world. It has deserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms.
The major rivers are the Indus River and the Ganges River. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, and Bangalore.
India has half as many states as the U.S. has. How many states are in India?
Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron ore, leather
Imports: food, gems, iron and steel, chemicals
Main crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar cane, spices
What are imports and exports?
Do we grow the same crops in Ohio?
Which of these goods do we use in Ohio?
________________________________________The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe is white, and the bottom stripe is green. The blue wheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
December to March ~~~~ Cold
April to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees)
June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season
October to November ~~~ less rain
Monsoons are huge rain storms that come in from the Indian Ocean. They bring enough rain to supply water for the whole year. These storms have strong winds. They can flood and destroy farms and houses. Some have even killed people.
Are there storms like these in the United States?
Long ago, India was ruled by Mogul emperors. Then the empire fell apart into smaller kingdoms, ruled by maharajas.
By the 1600’s, Europeans had come into India to trade for Indian spices, silks, cotton cloth, and tea.
In 1857, the British took control of India and ruled there until 1947. One very important man, Mohandas Gandhi helped India gain independence.
Gandhi practiced civil disobedience. That means that he would not do what the British wanted, but he was never violent.
At about the same time the pilgrims were landing at Plymouth Rock, the Taj Mahal was built. That was almost 400 years ago.
It took over ten years to build. More than twenty thousand people and one thousand elephants helped build it.
. . .but why was it built? Any ideas?
The Taj Mahal is in Agra near the capital of India.
What is the capital of India?
The story behind the Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. He deeply loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died in 1631 when she was giving birth to their fourteenth child.
The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massive tomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried together inside the Taj Mahal.
Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finest marble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated her tomb.
The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.
It is also a great tribute to love.
Make up your own legend explaining why someone would have a building like the Taj Mahal built.
In India, the popular sport is cricket.
The game of cricket is played with a batsman, a wicket keeper, a bowler, and fielders.
The bowler rolls the ball toward the batsman. The wicket keeper stands behind the batsman. The batsman hits the ball with a bat and runs back and forth between the bowler and the wicket keeper to score runs. The fielders try to catch the ball to get the batsman out.
What sport or sports does this sound like?
What are the similarities between this game and games we play here?
Celebrating the New Year
The Hindu New Year falls in October or November of each year.
It is called Diwali, the Festival of Lights.
For Diwali, people get dressed up in new clothes, send cards to friends and family, and give out presents.
Since it is the Festival of Lights, fireworks light up the sky.
What American Holidays are celebrated like Diwali?
What building is in the picture?
Going to the Movies
We love to watch movies in America. Hollywood is the biggest producer of films in the world, right?
WRONG! India produces about eight hundred movies a year. That’s even more than Hollywood. Indian families love to go to the movies just as much as we do.
Can you think of American movies or television shows that you have seen with Indian actors or actresses in them?
What kinds of animals do you think you would find in India?
Below is a list of animals that can be found in India:
LionsDeer BearsRhinoceroses SnakesElephants CamelsMonkeys Tigers (National animal) Peacocks (National bird)
Did any surprise you?
Many women in India wear beautiful saris. Their clothing is brightly colored. For special events, women wear saris with gold embroidery and sequins.
Men usually wear dhotis. They are loose pants, similar to pajamas. In big cities, men wear American style clothing.
Children wear jeans, T-shirts, and skirts at home. They usually have uniforms for school.
Indian women love to wear jewelry. They wear earrings, nose rings, bangles (bracelets), anklets, rings, necklaces, and even jewelry in their hair!
Did you know?
Can you think of anything that we have in the U.S. that came from India?
Meditation exercises; you can take these classes at the YMCA
Hindi phrase meaning loose trousers
Game of skill played on a checkerboard with moveable pieces
Expensive sweaters made from goat hair in a region of India
This digit means nothing, but can greatly change the value of a number when added onto the end of a number
A brand of clothing; also a game played while riding horses
Other Indian Words
You may or may not know these other Indian words. In your groups, discuss what you think these words mean. If you don’t know what they are, look them up! Each group will explain to the class the meaning of one of these words, so make sure you know what they all mean!
We will make KELA AUR SANTRA KI LASSI(Banana and Orange Shake):
2 teaspoons sugar2 large bananas, peeled ½ teaspoon saltand sliced 2 small containers2 large oranges, peeledof plain yogurt and segmented
Mix the sugar, salt, and yogurt together.
Add the bananas and oranges, and stir until everything is well mixed. Serve chilled.
Recipe from India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarelli
Which of the following animals can be found in India? Answers will follow.
India has tigers, lions, elephants, and rhinoceroses. Where would you find a dolphin, penguin, panda bear, and kangaroo?
Many Indian children play Kabaddi, which is a game similar to tag.
There is no equipment. You just need four or more people to play.
HERE’S HOW TO PLAY: 1. Divide players into two equal teams. Each team is on opposite sides of the playing area. Whichever team starts has to pick a player to run to the other team’s side.
2. The runner takes a deep breath. The runner tries to tag the other team’s players without taking another breath. The runner has to keep saying “kabaddi-kabaddi” so he/she can’t take another breath.
3. The other players try not to get tagged. Those who get tagged try to catch the runner before he/she runs back to his/her side.
4. If the runner does not make it back to his/her side without taking a breath, the runner is out. If the runner doesmakes it back without taking a breath, then the players who got tagged are out.
5. Teams take turns sending runners. The team with the most players left wins.
Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating walls and courtyards with designs. Indian women make a paste out of flour and color it with crushed flowers and spices. They often compete to make the best designs.
Countries of the World: India by Sunandini Arora Lal Lots of detailed information, Indian glossary, and nice color photos
Count Your Way through India by Jim Haskins Learn the Hindi numbers from 1 to 10, useful info on India
India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarell Colorful photos and detailed information
I is for India by Prodeepta Das Beautiful photographs and interesting information
The Children of India by Jules Hermes Beautiful photographs, focuses on Indian children and their daily lives
B I B L I O G R A P H Y
Pitara for Kids - http:www.pitara.com This site contains books, stories, folk tales, and activities for children.
We Are India - http://weareindia.com/ This site contains photos and other links on culture, traditions, and art.
Welcome to India - http://www.welcometoindia.com/culture This site contains info on culture, music, food, travel and more.
History of India - http://www.historyofindia.com/home.html This site covers ancient, medieval, British, and modern history.
India for Kids – Snaith Primary School http://www.home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/India.htm This site shows a slideshow trip to India for children ages 7-9. With lots of great links, photos, stories, and activities, this site is highly recommended.
Chantal Boulanger: Indian saris-research http:www.devi.net/sari.html This site has photos of saris and other Indian clothing. It also has other links.
Really Cookin’ Recipes for Kids www2.whirlpool.com/html/homelife/cookin/India.htm This site has Indian recipes for children to make.
Experience India - http://www.vijnanakalavedi.org/ This site tells about different Indian art, music, and dance. It also contains great photographs, video clips, and music clips.
India Parenting http://www.indiaparenting.com/Indiaculture/index.htm This site has kids’ games, learning activities, tunes, tales, and more.
What did you learn about India?
What part did you like the best? Why?
What will you tell your friends about?
What will you tell your family about?
What country would you like to learn more about?
This presentation is dedicated to my father, Upendra Patel, who was born and raised in India, and to Master Seth, my new son, whose name means Boss in Gujarati.