The Annotated Bibliography. What is a Bibliography?. A bibliography is a list of books that you used to research a historical question. Sometimes your teachers might call this list “Sources” or “References.” . What does Annotated mean?.
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The Annotated Bibliography
A bibliography is a list of books that you used to research a historical question. Sometimes your teachers might call this list “Sources” or “References.”
An annotated bibliography has a few sentences about what you found in the book, website, magazine, or other resource that you listed.
The annotation might include “This book has a chronology of events.” or “This book explains that the Battle of Killdeer Mountain was one of the events that led to the Battle of the Little Big Horn.”
Author’s first and last name
Full title and sub-title of book
City where the book was published
Name of publishing company
Date of publication
Thompson, Era Bell. American Daughter. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1986.
Author’s first and last name
Title of Article
Title of Magazine
Volume Number, Edition Number, Date published
Page numbers of article
Schneider, Fred. “Oscar H. Will: North Dakota’s Pioneer Seedman.” North Dakota History Vol. 68, No. 1 (2001): 2-19.
Title if available
Author’s name if available
Name of sponsoring organization if available
Date you accessed the website
“The Battle of Killdeer Mountain,” North Dakota Studies. ndstudies.gov/civil-war-era-north-dakota. Accessed April 15, 2013.
Use a similar format for all your resources. What is important is:
author (or, perhaps, filmmaker)
The purpose of annotation is to help other scholars and researchers know what is valuable in each publication.
An annotated bibliography should be helpful. What you take from each publication will vary, but you should explain what you found in the publication that you are using in your National History Day Project.
Calof, Rachel. Rachel Calof’s Story: Jewish Homesteader on the Northern Plains. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995. Rachel Calof was a Jewish immigrant from Russia. She and her husband settled on a farm near Devils Lake in the 1890s. They struggled for many years, but finally succeeded in raising a family on their farm.
Thompson, Era Bell. American Daughter. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1986. Thompson’s memoir describes growing up in Driscoll, North Dakota in the 1910s and 1920s. Thompson was an African-American girl in a community of mostly white people.
Both Era Bell Thompson’s and Rachel Calof’s memoirs are primary sources. These two women told their own story about their lives. You would place their books under the heading of Primary Sources
Our other two examples are both secondary sources. The Battle of Killdeer Mountain (website) and Fred Schneider’s article on Oscar Will are secondary sources. You would place their books under the heading of Secondary Sources.
Schneider, Fred. “Oscar H. Will: North Dakota’s Pioneer Seedman.” North Dakota History Vol. 68, No. 1 (2001): 2-19. Schneider describes how Oscar Will established a plant nursery in Bismarck in 1885. Will learned about the seeds that the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara planted. He propagated these seeds and sold them to people all over the United States.