The challenge of management
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The challenge of management. 1. Ridel A. Two or more persons engaged in a systematic effort to produce goods or services. The process of achieving organizational goals by engaging in the four functions. Organization. Management. Organizing. Elements of organizational structure

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The challenge of management

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The challenge of management

The challenge of management

1

Ridel A.

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Two or more persons engaged in a systematic effort to produce goods or services

The process of achieving organizational goals by engaging in the four functions.

Organization

Management

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

1-The challenge of management


Organizing

Organizing

  • Elements of organizational structure

  • Types of structure & strategies

  • Why structure differ?

    • Size

    • Technology

    • Environment:

      • Mechanistic: specialized tasks, …

      • Organic: general tasks, …

1-The challenge of management


Leading

Leading

  • Communication, motivation

  • Change: tech, structure, HR, culture

  • Trait & behavioral

  • Substitute leadership

  • Servant and Superleadership

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

9

8

7

6

Concern for People

5

4

3

2

1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Concern for Task

The Blake And Mouton Managerial Grid

9,9 Management

Work accomplishment

is from committed

people

1,9 Management

Thoughtful attention to

needs of people

5,5 Management

Adequate organization

performance is possible

by balancing morale of

people with work

1,1 Management

Minimum effort to

get work done will

sustain organiza-

tional membership

9,1 Management

Efficiency in operations

by minimizing human

element’s contributions

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Force-field Model of Change

Desired state

Restraining forces

Source: Management, by Gomez-Mejia, and David Balkin

Status quo

Driving forces

Time

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Controlling process

Determine areas to control

Establish standards

Measure performance

Compare performance against standards

Standards met or exceeded

Standards not met

Recognize performance

Take corrective action as necessary

Adjust standards & measures as necessary

1-The challenge of management


Types of controlling

Types of controlling

  • Feedforward: input, meet standards?

  • Concurrent: transformation process, conform standards?

  • Feedback: output, meet standards and goals?

1-The challenge of management


To implementing

To implementing

  • Bureaucratic

  • Clan: value, beliefs, traditional, …

  • Market: the needed… by org. according to market

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Management process

Knowledge base & Key Mn’t Skills

Work Agenda

Work Methods & Roles

Mn’t Functions

Performance

(Goals achievement)

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

The relationship between performance and ability, motivation, and work conditions

Working conditions

Ability

x

x

Motivation

Performance

=

1-The challenge of management


Management levels

Strategic Managers

Tactical Managers

Operational Managers

Top: CEO, Pre., GD, Governor

Middle: regional M, Division head, Director, Plant M, Sales M

Supervisory: Supervisor, Team leader, Foreman

Management levels

Management by Gomez-Mejia, Balkin

Source:

Source:

The world of business, by Lawrence J. Gitman and Card McDaniel

1-The challenge of management


Vertical dimension hierarchical

Vertical dimension: Hierarchical

  • First-line managers

  • Middle managers

  • Top managers

Source:

Management by Kathryn M. Bartol & David C. Martin

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Relative amount of time that managers spend on the four managerial functions

P

O

L

C

Top

Middle

First-line

Source:

Contemporary Management, by Gareth R. Jones, Jennifer M. George, Charles W. L. Hill

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Three management skills needed by three management levels

Conceptual skills

Human skills

Technical skills

Top

Middle

First-line

Source:

Contemporary Management, by Gareth R. Jones, Jennifer M. George, Charles W. L. Hill

1-The challenge of management


Management skills

Technical skills

Human relation skills

Conceptual skills

Political skills

Technical skills

Human skills

Conceptual skills

Management skills

Source:

The world of business, by Laurence J. Gitman and Carl McDaniel

Source:

Organizational Behavior, by Stephen P. Robbins

Management by Kathryn M. Bartol & David C. Martin

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Horizontal dimension: responsibility areas

Functional Managers

Managers who have responsibility for a specific, specialized area of the organization and supervise mainly individuals with expertise and training in that area.

General Managers

Managers who have responsibility for a whole organization or a substantial subunit that includes most of the common specialized area.

Project Managers

Managers who have responsibility for coordinating efforts involving individuals in several different organizational units who are all working on a particular project.

1-The challenge of management


Management skills1

Management skills

  • Strategizing skills

  • Task-related skills

  • People-related skills

  • Self-Awareness skills

Source:

Management by Gomez-Mejia, Balkin, Cardy

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

FORMAL AUTHORITY

AND STATUS

INTERPERSONAL ROLES

Figurehead

Leader

Liaison

INFORMATIONAL ROLES

Monitor

Disseminator

Spokesperson

DECISIONAL ROLES

Entrepreneur

Disturbance handler

Resource allocator

Negotiator

Mintzberg’s Managerial Roles

(Organizational Behavior, Robert Kreitner)

1-The challenge of management


The challenge of management

Reference

Management

Kathryn M. Bartol & David C. Martin, 3/e

1-The challenge of management


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