The History of Armor
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The History of Armor. LTC Oakland McCulloch. Outline. Why Tanks Interwar Years Swinton, Fuller, Hart, Guderian, Soviets How Budgets & WWI experience Impacted Armor Development World War II Blitzkrieg Combined Arms Organization Armored Vehicles of World War II and Beyond.

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The History of Armor

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The history of armor

The History of Armor

LTC Oakland McCulloch


The history of armor

Outline

  • Why Tanks

  • Interwar Years

    • Swinton, Fuller, Hart, Guderian, Soviets

    • How Budgets & WWI experience Impacted Armor

      Development

  • World War II

    • Blitzkrieg

    • Combined Arms

    • Organization

  • Armored Vehicles of World War II and Beyond


The history of armor

The History of Armor

  • World War I Tanks and Tactics

  • Why tanks

    • No man’s land

    • Massive casualties

    • A replacement for Cavalry for exploitation of success

    • An answer to the technological advances in artillery

    • and machinegun

    • Break the stalemate


The history of armor

The History of Armor

  • World War I Tanks and Tactics

  • Major-General Sir ErnestSwinton

    • Coined the name “Tank”

    • First attempt to develop a Tank was in 1912

    • An Infantry support weapon – moving pillbox

  • 1915

    • Little Willie given road trials in September

    • Mother Tank approved for development

  • 1916

    • Tank Corps created – never more than 20,000

    • Armor plate developed & Short barreled 6 pound gun

    • 20 Mother tanks tested & 50 new ones ordered


The history of armor

The History of Armor

  • World War I Tanks and Tactics

  • 1917

    • Disastrous British and French attacks

    • Outbreak of French Mutiny

    • Introduction of Hutier offensive tactics on Eastern Front

    • Battle of Cambrai and the first use of Tanks

      • Marginal success due to terrain & lack of cooperation

  • 1918

    • First American Offensive at Cantigny

    • Germany Surrenders


The history of armor

Mother Tank

AV-7 Schneider

Little Willie

The History of Armor


The history of armor

The History of Armor

  • Armor in the Interwar Years

  • Major-General J.F.C. Fuller

    • A Tank Army

  • B.H. Liddell Hart

    • Expanding Torrent Theory

    • Armor used against Artillery, Headquarters & Log Centers

  • General Heinz Guderian

    • Put Hart’s ideas into practice - Blitzkrieg

    • Combined Arms Warfare

    • Organization of Armored Force

  • The Soviet Model

    • Operational Maneuver Groups & Deep Attacks


The history of armor

The History of Armor

  • The Impact of Budgets & WWI Experience on

  • Armor Development

  • Britain and France

    • Existing Armored Forces & Tactics

    • Appeasement

  • United States

    • No money for the military

    • Use of tanks as an Infantry support weapon

    • Reverts back to horse Cavalry

  • Germany and the Soviet Union

    • No existing Armored Forces & no pre-determined ideas

    • Worked together in secret to develop new vehicles and

    • tactics


The history of armor

The History of Armor

  • Armored Forces in World War II

  • Germany

    • A well designed Armored Vehicle

    • Organization of Armored Divisions

    • Combined Arms Warfare

      • Armor, Motorized Infantry, Artillery, Aviation, Logistics

    • Blitzkrieg

    • Radio and Command & Control

  • Everyone Else in WW II

    • Inferior Armored Vehicles

    • Poor organization

    • Poor command & control

    • Poor tactics


The history of armor

PzKw IV Panzer

Tiger

Matilda II

T-34

Sherman

Char B1

Panther

The History of Armor


The history of armor

The Evolution

of Modern Armor


The history of armor

The History of Armor

Questions ?


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