Compensation under torrens
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 11

Compensation under Torrens PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 75 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Compensation under Torrens. Cameron Stewart (thanks to Shae McCrystal and Peter Radan – errors are mine). Torrens Assurance Fund. Indefeasibility and recovery

Download Presentation

Compensation under Torrens

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Compensation under torrens

Compensation under Torrens

Cameron Stewart

(thanks to Shae McCrystal and Peter Radan – errors are mine)

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Torrens assurance fund

Torrens Assurance Fund

Indefeasibility and recovery

118(1)  Proceedings for the possession or recovery of land do not lie against the registered proprietor of the land, except as follows:

(a)  proceedings brought by a mortgagee against a mortgagor in default, (b)  proceedings brought by a chargee or covenant chargee against a charger or covenant charger in default,

(c)  proceedings brought by a lessor against a lessee in default,

(d)  proceedings brought by a person deprived of land by fraud against:

(i)  a person who has been registered as proprietor of the land through fraud, or

(ii)  a person deriving (otherwise than as a transferee bona fide for valuable consideration) from or through a person registered as proprietor of the land through fraud, (e)  proceedings brought by a person deprived of, or claiming, land that (by reason of the misdescription of other land or its boundaries) has been included in a folio of the Register for the other land against a person who has been registered as proprietor of the other land (otherwise than as a transferee bona fide for valuable consideration),

(f)  proceedings brought by a registered proprietor under an earlier folio of the Register against a registered proprietor under a later folio of the Register where the two folios have been created for the same land.

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


The assurance fund

The assurance fund

  • An essential part of the scheme since the beginning

  • Williams v Papworth[1900] AC 563 at 568 – ‘to compensate persons who, without any fault of their own, may have been deprived of their property’

  • Problems with liquidity - shut down in 1906 moved to Closer Settlement Fund

  • 1987 – moved to consolidated revenue

  • 1992 – separate fund re-established

  • Levied off the charges and topped up with consolidated revenue

  • Private title insurance?

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Section 120 right to sue generally

Section 120 – right to sue generally

120Proceedings for compensation

(1)  Any person who suffers loss or damage as a result of the operation of this Act in respect of any land, where the loss or damage arises from:

(a)  fraud, or

(b)  any error, misdescription or omission in the Register, or (c)  the land being brought under the provisions of this Act, or (d)  the registration (otherwise than under section 45E) of some other person as proprietor of the land, estate or interest,      may commence proceedings in the Supreme Court for the recovery of damages.

(2)  Such proceedings may be taken only:

(a)  against the person whose acts or omissions have given rise to the loss or damage referred to in subsection (1), or

(b)  against the Registrar-General.

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Section 120 right to sue generally1

Section 120 – right to sue generally

Separate right of action? Registrar General v Behn[1980] 1 NSWLR 589

Or

Superfluous legislative recognition of already existing right to sue: Challenger Investments Ltd v Direct Money Corp Pty Ltd(2003) 59 NSWLR 452 at 456

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Section 129 right against the assurance fund

Section 129 – right against the Assurance fund

  • (1)  Any person who suffers loss or damage as a result of the operation of this Act in respect of any land, where the loss or damage arises from:

    (a)  any act or omission of the Registrar-General in the execution or performance of his or her functions or duties under this Act in relation to the land, or

    (b)  the registration (otherwise than under section 45E) of some other person as proprietor of the land, or of any estate or interest in the land, or

    (c)  any error, misdescription or omission in the Register in relation to the land, or

    (d)  the land having been brought under the provisions of this Act, or (e)  the person having been deprived of the land, or of any estate or interest in the land, as a consequence of fraud, or

    (f)  an error or omission in an official search in relation to the land,     

    is entitled to payment of compensation from the Torrens Assurance Fund.

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Exceptions

Exceptions

(2)  Compensation is not payable in relation to any loss or damage suffered by any person:

(a)  to the extent to which the loss or damage is a consequence of any act or omission by that person, or

(b)  to the extent to which the loss or damage:

(i)  is a consequence of any fraudulent, wilful or negligent act or omission by any solicitor, licensed conveyancer, real estate agent or information broker, and

(ii)  is compensable under an indemnity given by a professional indemnity insurer, or

(c)  to the extent to which that person has failed to mitigate the loss or damage, or (d)  to the extent to which the loss or damage has been offset by some other benefit to that person that has arisen from substantially the same circumstances as those from which the loss or damage has arisen, or

(e)  where the loss or damage arises because of an error or miscalculation in the measurement of land, or

(f)  where the loss or damage arises from:

(i)  the breach by a registered proprietor of any trust (whether express, implied or constructive), or

(ii)  the inclusion of the same land in two or more grants, or

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Exceptions1

Exceptions

(g)  where the loss or damage arises from the recording, or the omitting to record, in the Register of an approved determination of native title or other matter relating to native title rights and interests, or

(h)  where the loss or damage arises from circumstances in respect of which this Act provides that proceedings against the Registrar-General do not lie, or

(i)  where the loss or damage arises from an error contained in a plan lodged in accordance with Division 3C of Part 2 of the Conveyancing Act 1919, or

(j)  where the loss or damage arises from the person’s failure, as mortgagee or transferee of a mortgage, to comply with section 56C or from the cancellation of a recording with respect to a mortgage in accordance with section 56C (6), or

(k)  where the loss or damage arises from the recording of a Registrar-General’s caveat in the Register under section 12 (1) (e) or (f) or the removal of such a caveat by the Registrar-General, or

(l)  where the loss or damage arises from the execution of an instrument by an attorney (under a power of attorney) acting contrary to, or outside of, the authority conferred on him or her by the power of attorney, or

(m)  where the loss or damage is the result of an easement not being recorded in the Register (except where the easement is not recorded in the Register due to an error of the Registrar-General), or

(n)  where the loss or damage arises from the improper exercise of a power of sale, or

(o)  where the loss or damage arises from the operation of section 129 of the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth.

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Rg s power to make administrative payments

RG’s power to make administrative payments

  • Rg can make payment up to $100K even when the exceptions apply : s 130

  • Claims can be settled when they are less than $100K (now $250,000 – Real Property Regulation 2008, r 17)

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


Definitions

Definitions

  • ‘omissions’ - No need to prove fault on the part of the RG

  • ‘fraud’ – all kinds, not just ss 42, 43

  • ‘deprived’ – partial deprivation is enough eg encumbered by a mortgage, but it must be an interest that would be enjoyed now, not a future interest like a remainder

  • ‘interest in land’ includes equitable interests

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


D amages

Damages

  • The measure of damages is tortious – the position of the claimant had the tort not occurred

  • Date of trial

  • If encumbered then amount of mortgage

  • If amount exceeds value of land then the land value

(c) Cameron Stewart 2009


  • Login