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Communism. Soviet Union and Satellite Nations. USSR. Timeline of Communism in the 20 th Century. Communism in the USSR (1917 – 1989). 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990. Communism in China (1949 – present). “Cold War”.

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Communism

Communism


Soviet union and satellite nations

Soviet Union and Satellite Nations

USSR


Timeline of communism in the 20 th century

Timeline of Communism in the 20th Century

Communism in the USSR (1917 – 1989)

1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990

Communism in China (1949 – present)

“Cold War”

Communist Revolution in Russia (1917)

Communist Revolution in China (1949)

1989:

Fall of Communism in the USSR

Vietnam War

1966: China’s “Cultural Revolution”

1950:

Korean War

1989: Tiananmen Square in China


Origins of communism

Origins of Communism

  • Karl Marx: Father of Communism  wrote Communist Manifesto

  • Asked workers (proletariat) of the world to revolt and take control of the “means of production”


Communism1

Communism

  • Socialism: a type of economic system in which gov’t runs the economy for the entire society

  • Communism: socialism with totalitarian dictatorship

  • Marxism: communism with violent radical revolution – CLASS STRUGGLE


Communism comes to russia

Communism comes to Russia

  • Life under the Czar:

  • Too many poor peasants

  • Not enough land or food

  • Hate being involved in WW1


Communism

  • Russia remained unindustrialized

No supplies for the troops (not enough railroads or factories)

X

  • By 1915, many soldiers do not have

or

weapons

ammunition


Communism

Hello!


Communism

I FEEL RIGHT AT HOME!

MAMMA’S HAPPY!


Group of nobles

Group of nobles

Prince Felix Yus


Moika palace

moika palace

WELCOME TO MY CRIB !

Prince Felix Yusupov


Communism

I’M FEELING OK !


Communism

I’M STILL FEELING OK !


Communism

BAM !

BAM !

BAM !


Communism

FUNNY…MY BACK IS ITCHY !


Communism

BAM !

BOOM !

POW !


Communism

SPLASH !


Communism

I DON’T FEEL SO HOT…


Communism

HELP !!!


Communism

HELP… I’M DROWNING !

!


Communism

I’LL BE BACK !


The provisional government

The Provisional Government

  • Czar Nicholas II abdicated (gave up the throne)

  • A moderate temporary gov’t was created


The bolsheviks

The Bolsheviks

  • Name of the Communist Party in Russia

  • Began the Communist Revolution

  • Led by Vladimir Lenin - RADICAL

  • Offered the poor “Bread, land, and peace”


1917 revolution

1917 Revolution

  • Bolsheviks overthrew provisional gov’t

  • Created new Communist nation  USSR


Russian civil war

Russian Civil War

  • Red Army (communists) vs. White Army (supporters of Czar)

  • Red Army won! Killed millions


Cheka secret police

Cheka (secret police)


Assassination of czar family

Assassination of Czar & family


Lenin s u s s r

Lenin’s U.S.S.R.

  • The U.S.S.R.

  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – aka “Soviet Union”

“The most striking thing was the utter unexpectedness of it, like a train crash in the night, like a bridge crumbling beneath your feet, like a house falling down”


Communism

Bye!


Russia lost

Russia lost:

  • Most of its land in Europe

  • 32% of its farmland

  • 34% of its population

  • 54% of its industry

89% of its coalmines


Communism

  • The Russian banks were all nationalized.

  • Control of the factories was given to the soviets.

  • Private bank accounts were confiscated.

  • The Church's properties (including bank accounts) were seized.

  • Wages were fixed at higher rates than during the war and a shorter, eight-hour working day was introduced.


Decree on land

Decree on Land

Private Property


Treatment of the wealthy

Treatment of the Wealthy


Communism

=

Princess Golitsyn sold homemade pies on the street

Baroness Wrangel sold knitwear

One baroness sold a diamond broach for 5,000 rubles (the cost of a bag of flour)


New economic policy

New Economic Policy

  • Lenin’s plan to help the economy

  • The gov’t would control only major businesses

  • People could control small businesses and earn profit (limited capitalism)


Stalin s u s s r

Stalin’s U.S.S.R.

  • Joseph Stalin: Took over after Lenin’s death

  • Became a brutal dictator


Totalitarian state

Totalitarian State:

  • Only one political party allowed → the Communist Party

  • Controlled all aspects of life

  • Put state concerns ahead of your own


Collectivization

Collectivization

  • Stalin’s plan to improve farming

  • Eliminated small farms – they were “collected” onto large, state-run farms

  • If you refused, you DIED


5 year plan

5-Year Plan

  • Stalin’s plan to industrialize

  • Focused on heavy industry (military, steel, mining, farm machines)

  • Not on consumer goods (things for people’s lives)


Purges

Purges

  • Stalin’s attempt to eliminate anyone that could threaten his control

  • Many government officials were imprisoned or executed


Ex trotsky exiled and killed

Ex. Trotsky exiled and killed


Communism

+

=


World war ii

World War II

  • Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Hitler

  • Germany attacked the USSR → the USSR joined the “Allies”


The cold war

The Cold War

I’ll help fight Japan

and I’ll totally allow

free elections in

Eastern European

countries soon.

Yeah RIGHT

Churchill

Stalin

Roosevelt


Communism

Divide it into

4 zones of

occupation


The cold war1

The Cold War

Roots of the Cold War:

  • There was a war of ideas between two sides (U.S. and U.S.S.R.)

  • There was a great deal of mistrust after World War II

  • The way Europe was divided up after WW II caused an uneasy tension


Cold war terms

Cold War Terms:

From Stettin in the Baltic

to Trieste in the Adriatic

an "iron curtain"has descended

across the Continent.

Iron Curtain:name for the imaginary dividing line between the Democratic Western European nations and the Communist East European nations


Cold war terms1

Cold War Terms:

Eastern Bloc:the group of nations – that were communist – in Eastern Europe (behind the “Iron Curtain”)


Communism

Communist

“satellites”:Another name for the “Eastern Bloc” nations

Countries that were “controlled” by and near the USSR


The 2 sides

The 2 Sides

N.A.T.O. (North Atlantic

Treaty Organization)

The Warsaw Pact

USA

USSR

Containment – stop the

spread of communism

Marxism – spread

Communism through rev

Market economy

Command economy

Totalitarian

(communist)

Republic


Command economy

Command Economy

“Central Planning”

State-control of production, quotas, distributionAll economic decisions made by gov’t

NO private business  only GOV’T ownership


Containment

Containment


Events of the cold war

Events of the Cold War

  • Marshall Plan / Truman Doctrine:

  • U.S. offered billions of $ to help rebuild European nations after WW2 as long as they were NOT communist


Berlin airlift

Berlin Airlift

You can go,

But I’m not leaving!

Germany should stay weak!


Communism

No road travel in or out of West Berlin

Help! We need food! We’re starving!

Eventually, I Hope that Allies will just give up West Berlin to the USSR

  • Communists tried a blockade to force the allies out of Berlin (in East Germany)


Communism

No trains or cars?

The Allies Air lift supplies

to West Berlin for 11 months!


Operation little vittles

Operation Little Vittles

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_airlift#Operation_Little_Vittles


Forcing stalin to give up the blockade

Forcing Stalin to give up the blockade

Fine!


Arms race

Arms Race:

a race between 2 “super powers” (U.S. vs. U.S.S.R.) to gather bigger, better and more weapons


Mad mutually assured destruction

MAD – Mutually Assured Destruction


Space race

Space Race

  • A race for national pride mostly

  • It began when the Soviets put the first satellite, “Sputnik” into orbit


Berlin wall

Berlin Wall

  • The wall became the symbol of the Cold War

  • The Communists put up a wall to keep East Berliners from escaping to West Berlin


Cuban missile crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis

  • The Soviets put nuclear missiles in Cuba


Communism

90 miles!


Communism

Missile Range


Communism

  • U.S. President JFK ordered a blockade of Cuba and told the USSR to remove the missiles


Communism

  • The closest the world ever came to nuclear destruction


Communism

Kennedy

Khrushchev

nuclear holocaust


Communism

  • The Soviet Union backed down and pulled the missiles out


Brinksmanship

Brinksmanship

replaced


By d tente

By détente

  • Détente: French noun

    • (a) relaxation of a person;

    • release of a spring,

    • slackening of a rope,

    • easing of relations


A warming of tensions between the u s and the u s s r 1970 s 1980 s

A “warming” of tensions between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. (1970’s – 1980’s)

Relieves Cold War tension!


President nixon met with the leaders of

President Nixon met with the leaders of


Communism

USSR and China


Ussr and china

USSR and China


Salt i strategic arms limitation talks

SALT I(Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)


Reduce of icbms and submarine missiles

reduce # of ICBMs and submarine missiles


Reduce of icbms and submarine missiles1

reduce # of ICBMs and submarine missiles


Helsinki accords

Helsinki Accords


Treaties were signed that limited nuclear weapons in each nation ex salt

Treaties were signed that limited nuclear weapons in each nation (ex. SALT)


Fall of the ussr causes

Fall of the USSR - CAUSES

  • Changing of the Guard

  • A new, younger generation leader was chosen – Mikhail Gorbechev


Fall of the ussr

FALL OF THE USSR

Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) symbol of the end of the Cold War


Fall of the ussr causes1

Fall of the USSR - CAUSES

  • Glasnost:“openness” examples: some freedom of religion and press

  • Perestroika:“restructuring” examples: allow some capitalism


Failure of the economy

Failure of the economy:

  • Too much sacrificing “butter for guns” (too much military spending-not consumer!)

  • Perestroika weakened an already poor economy


Challenges to the soviet control of satellite nations

Challenges to the Soviet control of satellite nations

It’s time to

break free!

  • Began with workers in Poland

  • Other “Eastern Bloc” nations did the same


Break up of the ussr

Break-up of the USSR

  • After seeing Warsaw Pact nations end communism, Soviet citizens wanted the same thing

  • Protests were not stopped and the Republics turned into separate independent nations


Results of the fall of the ussr

Results of the fall of the USSR

  • New nations formed:

  • Russia became the largest most important

  • Some of the Republics formed an economic alliance called the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)


Results of the fall of the ussr1

Results of the fall of the USSR

  • Effects on world communism:other Communist nations suffered (no more support from the U.S.S.R.)

  • Ending of the Cold War: no more U.S.S.R., no more cold war


Russia and neighbors after the fall of communism

Russia and neighbors after the fall of Communism

Latvia

Estonia

Lithuania

Belarus

Russia

Ukraine

Georgia

Kazakhstan

Armenia

Uzbekistan

Azerbaijan

Turkmenistan

Kyrgyzstan

Tajikistan


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