Unit 6 europe
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Unit 6: Europe. Introduction to Europe. Land area compared to the United States. Europe consists of 44 nations and is about ¾ of the United States. Examples: United Kingdom = Wyoming Germany = Washington and Oregon. Population compared to the United States.

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Unit 6: Europe

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Unit 6 europe

Unit 6: Europe

Introduction to Europe


Land area compared to the united states

Land area compared to the United States

  • Europe consists of 44 nations and is about ¾of the United States.

    • Examples:

      • United Kingdom = Wyoming

      • Germany = Washington and Oregon


Population compared to the united states

Population compared to the United States

  • US Population = 300 million

  • Europe Population = 500 million

    • Examples - 5 European countries = United States

      • Germany – 80 million

      • Italy – 60 million

      • France – 60 million

      • United – 60 million

      • Spain – 40 million

      • Total – 300 million


Unit 6 europe

  • Age of Europe compared to the United States

    • Europe – London is about 2,000 years old.

    • United States – Founded in 1775. (Europe’s kid)

  • Terminology

    • Europe – Continent

    • United Kingdom – Country

    • England – State

    • Great Britain - Island


Physical geography

Physical Geography

  • Europe is known as the Peninsula of Peninsulas

    • Scandinavian Peninsula –

      • Norway and Sweden

      • Land of the Midnight Sun” – because of the long days of light in summer.

      • Scandinavian Peninsula and the Black forest suffers from Acid Rain

      • fjords – long steep sided inlets.

    • Jutland Peninsula –

      • Denmark and parts of Germany

    • Iberian Peninsula –

      • Spain and Portugal (Pyrenees Mountains)

    • Italian Peninsula –

      • Italy

    • Balkan Peninsula –

      • Balkans (Various Mountains)


Unit 6 europe

  • Mountains: # 1 contributor to the ethnic diversity.

    • Pyrenees - Southern Europe’s Younger Mts. High-sharp peaks are about 11,000 ft.

    • Alps – Created by glaciers – isolated Italy from the rest of Europe.

  • Rivers

    • Danube – Starts in Germany and empties into the Black Sea.

      • Main – Danube Canal – connects the Danube River and the Main River which links the Black Sea and the North Sea.

    • Rhine – Starts in the Netherlands and empties into the North Sea.


Unit 6 europe

  • North European Plain

    • Stretches from southeastern England and western France to Russia.

    • Most fertile land in the world.

    • Southern edge of the North European Plain is especially fertile because of loess: fine, rich , wind-borne soil left from glaciers.

    • 33% of Europe’s land is suitable for Farming.


Unit 6 europe

  • Central Uplands

    • Consists of low rounded mountains and high plateaus with scattered forests.

    • Meseta

      • Spain’s Central Plateau

    • Massif Central

      • France’s Central Highlands

  • Polders -

    • Land taken from the sea

    • Polders make up 40% of the Netherlands.


Natural resources

Natural Resources

  • Today Europeans rely heavily on:

    • Coal

    • Oil

    • Gas

    • Nuclear Power

    • Hydro Power

  • North Sea Oil (1959) – Major source of oil for the world.


Climate

Climate

  • Europe’s northern latitude and its proximity to the sea influences the Climate and Vegetation.

  • North Atlantic Current:

    • Warm current of the Atlantic that creates a mild climate.

    • Causes Northern and Eastern Europe to have a colder climate than most western and southern Europe because of their distance from the warming effects of the ocean.


High latitude regions

High Latitude Regions

  • Bitterly cold winters – short cool summers.

  • Tundra region is covered in permafrost (permanently frozen land) and little vegetation.

    • Examples: Mosses, small shrubs, and wildflowers


Mid latitude regions

Mid-Latitude Regions

  • Western Europe

    • Marine West Coast Climate: Mild winters, cool summers, and abundant rainfall.

  • Southern Europe

    • Mediterranean Climate: Hot and dry summers, mild rainy winters.

    • Humid Subtropical Climate: Hot and humid summers, cool winters.

  • Eastern Europe

    • Humid Continental Climate: All four seasons.


Dry regions

Dry Regions

  • Southeastern and Southwestern Europe:

    • Steppe Climate: Dry, cold grasslands, hot summers, cool winters, and light rainfall.


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