SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middl...
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SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East). a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. b. Explain the diversity of religions within the Arabs, Persians, and Kurds.

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A explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group

SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).

a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group.

b. Explain the diversity of religions within the Arabs, Persians, and Kurds.

c. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.

d. Explain the reason for the division between Sunni and Shia Muslims.


What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group

What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group?

  • Religious Group –

  • shares a belief system in a god or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature.

  • People from different ethnic groups can share a religion.

  • What examples can you think of?


What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group1

What is the difference between a religious group and an ethnic group?

  • Ethnic Group –

  • a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations.

  • What cultural ideas? Give some examples.

  • You can change religious groups, but not ethnic groups.


Prominent ethnic groups of the middle east

Prominent Ethnic Groups of the Middle East

  • Arab

  • Persian

  • Kurd


Arabs

Arabs

  • Largest ethnic group in SW Asia

  • Being Arab does not mean a person follows a specific religion. Arabs can be Muslim, Christian, Buddhist, Agnostic, Atheistic, etc…

  • Most Arabs in SW Asia today follow Islam, specifically Sunni Islam (85% of Arabs world wide), but there has been a group identified as Arab longer than there has been a religion called Islam.

  • Most Arabs speak the Arabic language


Persian

Persian

  • Most Persians in SW Asia can be found in Iran, which was known as Persia until its name changed following WWI.

  • Persians can follow any religion, although most in Iran practice Shia Islam (15% of Muslims worldwide follow Shia)

  • Most Persians speak Farsi


A explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group

Kurd

  • Ethnic group that lives in several different countries in SW Asia. Most are found in the mountains where Syria, Turkey, Iran and Iraq meet.

  • Most speak Kurdish

  • Kurds can choose to follow any religion, though the majority of Kurds in SW Asia follow Sunni Islam

  • Many Kurdish people hope to have their own independent nation


Review questions

Review Questions

  • Which ethnic group is most numerous in SW Asia?

  • Arabs

  • What modern country is the home to those who call themselves Persians?

  • Iran

  • What is the religion of most Persians is SW Asia?

  • Shia Islam


Review questions1

Review Questions

  • What is the religion of most Arabs in SW Asia?

  • Sunni Islam

  • What is the religion of most of the Kurds?

  • Sunni Islam


Activity

Activity

  • Create 3 separate Venn Diagrams to compare and contrast (show similarities and differences) the following pairs:

  • Arab and Persian

  • Kurd and Arab

  • Persian and Kurd


World religions founded in southwest asia

World Religions Founded in Southwest Asia

  • Judaism

  • Christianity

  • Islam


Judaism

Judaism

  • Monotheistic – belief in only one God; when Judaism was founded, other ancient religions were polytheistic (belief in many gods)

  • Refers to God as Yahweh

  • Founded by Abraham, born in Mesopotamia sometime around 2000 B.C.

  • The Torah is the holy writing of Judaism

  • Various sites in Israel, such as the remains of the temple in Jerusalem, are considered sacred


Judaism1

Judaism

  • Believe that god made a covenant (agreement) with Abraham to make him the head of a new nation if he would dedicate himself and the Hebrew people to the worship of one God.

  • Present day Israel was the land believed to have been promised to Abraham

  • Various sites in Israel, such as the remains of the temple in Jerusalem, are considered sacred


Movie time

Movie Time!


Review questions2

Review Questions

  • What is the main belief that separated Judaism from other religions in the ancient world?

  • Monotheism

  • What is the holy writing of Judaism?

  • The Torah

  • Who founded Judaism?

  • Abraham


Christianity

Christianity

  • Grew out of Judaism

  • Differs from Judaism in that Christians believe Jesus is the Messiah, or savior of man.

  • Founded by Jesus in around 30 A.D.

  • Monotheistic

  • God of Christianity refers to Yahweh from Judaism

  • The Bible is the holy book of Christianity


Christianity1

Christianity

  • Early Christianity had conflict with the Roman Empire. The Roman rulers saw Jesus as a threat to their authority. For this reason Jesus was sentenced to death.

  • By 300 AD Christianity had spread throughout the Roman Empire.

  • In 313 Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and ended harsh treatment of Christians in the Roman Empire.


Movie time1

Movie Time!


Review questions3

Review Questions

  • Who founded Christianity?

  • Jesus

  • Why did Jesus have trouble with the Roman authorities?

  • Romans saw him as a threat to the Empire

  • Why was Christianity eventually accepted by the Roman Empire?

  • Emperor Constantine saw that many Romans had become Christian


Review questions4

Review Questions

  • What is the holy text of Christianity?

  • The Bible


Islam

Islam

  • Founded by Muhammad in around 622 A.D.

  • Monotheistic

  • Refers to God as Allah

  • The Quran is the holy book of Islam

  • The cities or Mecca and Medina are considered sacred as well as some sites in Jerusalem

  • Followers of Islam are called Muslims, which means “one who submits”


The five pillars of islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

  • Shahada- the belief that “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet”

  • Salat – praying five times a day facing Mecca

  • Sakat – charity to the poor

  • Sawm- fasting during daylight hours during the month of Ramadan

  • Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca during one’s lifetime. Pilgrimage is to make a journey for a religious purpose


Sunni and shia islam

Sunni and Shia Islam

  • Upon Muhammad’s death (632 AD) the Islamic community could not agree on a new leader. Islam was split into two main sects: Sunni and Shia


Sunni islam

Sunni Islam

  • Felt that the leader of Islam should be the person who followed closest to Muhammad’s example, regardless of birth.

  • Largest branch of Islam worldwide

  • Worldwide about 85% of Muslims identify as Sunni


Shia islam

Shia Islam

  • Felt that the leader of Islam should follow Muhammad’s bloodline (relatives)

  • Worldwide about 15% of Muslims identify themselves as Shia

  • Iran is a majority Shia nation; in Iran over 90% of the population is Shia

  • Which ethnic group makes up the majority of Shia Muslims? (Hint: Look back over your notes)


Sunni and shia islam1

Sunni and Shia Islam


Sunni and shia

Sunni and Shia


Graphs

Graphs!

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/demotext.html


Review questions5

Review Questions

  • What is the relationship between Judaism, Christianity and Islam?

  • All are monotheistic

  • Who founded Islam?

  • Muhammad

  • What issue led to the split between Sunni and Shia Islam?

  • They disagreed over who should lead the Muslim community after the death of Muhammad.


Review questions6

Review Questions

  • Which is the largest branch of Islam worldwide?

  • Sunni

  • What are followers of Islam called?

  • Muslims

  • What is the holy scripture of Islam?

  • The Quran


Activities

Activities

  • Place the founding of Islam, Judaism and Christianity in the correct order on a timeline. Be sure to include the year each was founded.

  • Create a Locke Triagram to compare and contrast Judaism, Christianity and Islam


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