My introduction to fisheries issues 1937
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My Introduction to Fisheries Issues 1937. Dr. Evans and The Road to NOAA. March 1984 Confirmed Chairman Marine Mammal Commission: The Route to NOAA November 1986 AA for NOAA Fisheries

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My Introduction to Fisheries Issues 1937

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My introduction to fisheries issues 1937

My Introduction to Fisheries Issues 1937


Dr evans and the road to noaa

Dr. Evans and The Road to NOAA

  • March 1984 Confirmed Chairman Marine Mammal Commission: The Route to NOAA

  • November 1986 AA for NOAA Fisheries

  • April 1, 1988, Confirmed at Under Secretary of Commerce and 5th Administrator and second Under Secretary of Commerce for NOAA

  • Retired July 4, 1989


Major noaa issues of 1980 s

Major NOAA Issues of 1980’s

  • Whaling Moratorium, IWC, Aboriginal Subsistence whaling, Research Whaling

  • Fisheries, Red Drum, Shrimp Fisheries and TEDS, By Catch, Tuna Fisheries

  • Endangered Species

  • Modernizing the Weather Service

  • Lack of one GOES Satellite

  • International Fisheries Issues


Whales and whaling

Whales and Whaling


My introduction to fisheries issues 1937

  • Commercial Whaling in Iceland, Japan and Norway

  • Differing Interpretation of 1946 ICRW and its 1956 Protocol


Industrial whaling

Industrial Whaling

Factory Ship and Catcher Boats


Soviet reported data on take

Soviet Reported Data on Take


Soviet real data

Soviet Real Data


Endangered species

Endangered Species

Manatees and Dugongs

Baiji


Fisheries issues of the 1980 s and beyond

Fisheries Issues of the 1980’s and Beyond


The crisis with fisheries

The Crisis with Fisheries

Many Fish Few Boats

1900

Many Boats Few Fish

1995


Major fisheries issues during my watch

Major Fisheries Issues During My Watch

  • Over Fishing – Red Drum Crisis

  • Shrimp Fishery and Turtles and fish By-Catch –Turtle Excluder Devices TEDS

  • Working on Improving Communication with Fishery Management Councils

  • Trans Boundary Issues

  • International Issues

  • Fishing Boat Observer Program


Major issues today input from the field

Major Issues Today-Input From the Field

  • Over Fishing, By-Catch

  • By-Catch Reduction Devices (BRDs)

  • Developing More Effective Communication with Regional Councils

  • Fisheries Observer Program -Lots of Data –Lack of Funding to Analyze it.

  • International Programs-IWC, ICCAT

  • Lack of Emphasis on Habitat Research

    • Lack of Trained Ecologist


Bycatch

Bycatch


Current issues cont

Current Issues Cont.

  • Graying of Leadership at Regional Research Laboratories: Too few Young PhD FTE’s as Replacements.

  • Allocation of Resources

  • Ecosystems Management-Too much Talking not Enough Doing


Ecosystems management start of a concept

Ecosystems Management Start of a Concept

  • September 14, 1987, we completed a National Marine Fisheries Service Program Development Plan (PDP) for Ecosystems Monitoring and Fisheries Management. The plan had several regions submit PDP’s.

  • The House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, Chaired by the Congressman from Massachusetts was less than enthusiastic. The Proposal Went No-where Until 1994


Major road blocks

Major Road Blocks

  • Reluctance of Congress to understand the necessity for an ecosystems approach to management of living marine resources.

  • The U.S. Policies, in dealing with the problems and issues in whaling and other endangered species issues. and our trying to not alienate our International friends, (Japan, Norway, Iceland)


Exxon valdez

Exxon Valdez

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90) was signed into law in August of 1990, largely in response to rising public concern following the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

On March 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska spilling 267,000 barrels of crude oil.

The spill posed a severe threat to the valuable ecosystem of Prince William Sound and surrounding areas.


Exxon valdez with boom

Exxon Valdez with Boom


Problems

Problems

  • Conflicts Between Agencies with Inputs in EXXON Valdez Issues-Who has Jurisdiction?

  • Changes in Balance between Conservation Members and Pro-Whaling Members

  • Allocation of Resources with Changes in Environmental Issues.


Solutions

Solutions?

  • Fisheries: Reduction in International Capacity

  • Better National and International Enforcement

  • Realignment of Priorities of the Sustainable Fisheries Act.

  • Whaling: Times Have Changed since 1956 Protocol was Signed. Have a Committee of Original 1946 Signatories Revisit the Convention’s (ICRW) Wording and Intent.


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