Valuation of contract damages principles and methods in international arbitration practice
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

Valuation of contract damages: principles and methods in international arbitration practice PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Valuation of contract damages: principles and methods in international arbitration practice. International Commercial Arbitration Austrian/Polish Twin Conference Warsaw, 17 June 2011 Irmgard Marboe University of Vienna. Principles.

Download Presentation

Valuation of contract damages: principles and methods in international arbitration practice

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Valuation of contract damages principles and methods in international arbitration practice

Valuation of contract damages: principles and methods ininternational arbitration practice

International Commercial Arbitration

Austrian/Polish Twin Conference

Warsaw, 17 June 2011

Irmgard Marboe

University of Vienna


Principles

Principles

  • ■ Sources: national law, general principles of law (PECL, UNIDROIT Principles, New Lex Mercatoria, …)

  • ■“full compensation”:

  • E.g. “The aggrieved party is entitled to damages for loss caused by the other party's non-performance of its contractual obligations. It is entitled, subject to the provisions of Principle VII.2, to receive such a sum of money by way of damages as will, so far as possible, put him in the same position as if the contract had been performed.” (Principle No. VII.1, New Lex Mercatoria)

Irmgard Marboe


Principles cont d

Principles (cont’d)

  • ■damnum emergens – lucrum cessans

  • ■positive/performance interest – negative/reliance interest

  • ■lack of certainty?

  • Leading Case: Sapphire Arbitration v. NIOC, Award of 15 March 1963, Sole Arbitrator Pierre Cavin

Irmgard Marboe


Valuation methods

Valuation Methods

  • ■Market based approach

  • Stock prices, prior transactions, offerings, partial sales, comparable sales, multiples, …

  • ■ Income based approach

  • Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method, Net present value (NPV), Adjusted Present Value (APV), …

  • ■ Asset based approach

  • Book value, replacement value, liquidation value, …

Irmgard Marboe


Dcf method

DCF-Method

  • ■Cashflows (not profits, earnings, etc) ■ Projected for a period of time

  • ▪ Defined period(s)

  • ▪ Remainder (terminal value)

  • ■ Discounted for

  • ▪ time value of money

  • ▪ risks (business, financial, country/political, …)

  • ■Reference to financial markets (CAPM)

  • ■Formula:

Irmgard Marboe


Do can should arbitral tribunals apply these valuation methods in contractual disputes

Do/can/should arbitral tribunals apply these valuation methods in contractual disputes?

  • ■Does damnum emergens correlate to the asset based approach, lucrum cessans to the income approach?

  • ■Is there a role for the market based approach in case of a breach of contract?

  • ■“Hybrid” approach?

  • ▪ Wasted costs plus lost profits

  • ▪ Danger of double counting

  • ▪ Controversy about Karaha Bodas v. Pertamina, Final Award of 30 September 1999

Irmgard Marboe


Practice

Practice

  • ■ Autopista Concesionada Venezuela v. Venezuela

  • ▪ Breach of concession agreement (construction and operation of a highway)

  • ▪ Awarded only out-of-pocket expenses, profits too speculative

  • ■ CMS Gas Transmission v. Argentina

  • ▪ Long-term contract on gas transmission disrupted

  • ▪ FMV is “best suited”, DCF method applied, comparison of two scenarios

  • ■ LG&E Energy Corp. v. Argentina

  • ▪ Long-term contract on gas transportation/distribution

  • ▪ FMV not applicable, PV of “but for”-dividends instead

Irmgard Marboe


Practice cont d

Practice (cont’d)

  • ■SwemBalt AB, Sweden v Republic of Latvia

  • ▪ Agreement of lease of berth and land for establishing a floating commercial centre

  • ▪ Replacement value of the ship, with reference to market value, plus furnishings and equipment

  • ▪ lump sum for lost profits

  • ■ Petrobart Limited v Kyrgyz Republic

  • ▪ One year-contract for the supply of stable gas condensate

  • ▪ 75% of the contractual price for delivered goods as decided by a national court (reduced because of insolvency of the debtor)

Irmgard Marboe


Valuation of contract damages principles and methods in international arbitration practice

  • Thank you for your attention!

  • ao.Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Irmgard Marboe

  • Department of European, International and Comparative Law

  • University of Vienna1010 Vienna, Schottenbastei 10-16Tel. ++43/1/4277/35311, Fax. /35321e-mail: [email protected]://intlaw.univie.ac.at/

Irmgard Marboe


  • Login