The english renaissance
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The English Renaissance. 1485-1625. What is the Renaissance?. French word: “rebirth” or “renewal” Began in Italy Return to studying ancient texts… Greece Rome. What made the Renaissance?. Interest in humans Introduction of universities Gutenberg and moveable print

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The English Renaissance

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The English Renaissance

1485-1625


What is the Renaissance?

  • French word: “rebirth” or “renewal”

  • Began in Italy

  • Return to studying ancient texts…

    • Greece

    • Rome


What made the Renaissance?

  • Interest in humans

  • Introduction of universities

  • Gutenberg and moveable print

  • Use of vernacular

  • Age of Exploration

  • Reformation


How do the ideas of the Reformation arrive in England?


Arrival of Reformation in England

  • Henry VIII

    • Originally, Catholic

    • Wanted divorce …

    • Refused!

    • Remarries

    • King becomes religious leader of England

    • Break with Rome


The Tudors

  • Edward VI

    • Only surviving son of Henry VIII

    • Becomes king…

    • Then dies


The Tudors

  • Mary I (“Bloody Mary”)

    • Roman Catholic

  • What are the implications for her rule?

    • Restore authority of Roman church

    • Return England to Catholic country

    • Oppression of Protestants


The Tudors

  • Elizabeth I

    • Educated during Renaissance

    • Unity under Protestant Religion

    • Friend of the Arts


Let’s Review…

  • What connections are there between the three rulers:

    • Henry VIII

    • Mary I

    • Elizabeth I

  • What would be the difficulties each ruler faced when ascending the throne?

  • What would this mean for the society?


What does this have to do with literature?


Renaissance in Literature

  • New developments in three areas:

    • Poetry

    • Prose

    • Drama


Renaissance Poetry

  • Lyric poetry:

    • Not a full story

    • Single speaker

  • Sonnets and sonnet cycles

    • Sonnets: 14-lined lyric poem

    • Sonnet cycle: Group of sonnets on single theme


Renaissance Poets

  • Philip Sydney

    • Sonnet cycles (十四行组诗)

    • Key to shaping sonnet form

  • Edmund Spenser

    • Epic poem (叙事诗)The Faerie Queen (《仙后》)

    • Spenserian stanzas: nine-line units


Renaissance Poets

  • Christopher Marlowe

    • Playwright

    • Lyric poet

    • Pastoral verse: looking at the country life

  • William Shakespeare

    • Playwright

    • English sonnet/Shakespeare sonnet


Elizabethan Drama and Prose

  • No longer religious

  • References to ancient texts

  • Drama written in verse

  • King James Bible


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