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The English Renaissance. 1485-1625. What is the Renaissance?. French word: “rebirth” or “renewal” Began in Italy Return to studying ancient texts… Greece Rome. What made the Renaissance?. Interest in humans Introduction of universities Gutenberg and moveable print

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Presentation Transcript
what is the renaissance
What is the Renaissance?
  • French word: “rebirth” or “renewal”
  • Began in Italy
  • Return to studying ancient texts…
    • Greece
    • Rome
what made the renaissance
What made the Renaissance?
  • Interest in humans
  • Introduction of universities
  • Gutenberg and moveable print
  • Use of vernacular
  • Age of Exploration
  • Reformation
arrival of reformation in england
Arrival of Reformation in England
  • Henry VIII
    • Originally, Catholic
    • Wanted divorce …
    • Refused!
    • Remarries
    • King becomes religious leader of England
    • Break with Rome
the tudors
The Tudors
  • Edward VI
    • Only surviving son of Henry VIII
    • Becomes king…
    • Then dies
the tudors1
The Tudors
  • Mary I (“Bloody Mary”)
    • Roman Catholic
  • What are the implications for her rule?
    • Restore authority of Roman church
    • Return England to Catholic country
    • Oppression of Protestants
the tudors2
The Tudors
  • Elizabeth I
    • Educated during Renaissance
    • Unity under Protestant Religion
    • Friend of the Arts
let s review
Let’s Review…
  • What connections are there between the three rulers:
    • Henry VIII
    • Mary I
    • Elizabeth I
  • What would be the difficulties each ruler faced when ascending the throne?
  • What would this mean for the society?
renaissance in literature
Renaissance in Literature
  • New developments in three areas:
    • Poetry
    • Prose
    • Drama
renaissance poetry
Renaissance Poetry
  • Lyric poetry:
    • Not a full story
    • Single speaker
  • Sonnets and sonnet cycles
    • Sonnets: 14-lined lyric poem
    • Sonnet cycle: Group of sonnets on single theme
renaissance poets
Renaissance Poets
  • Philip Sydney
    • Sonnet cycles (十四行组诗)
    • Key to shaping sonnet form
  • Edmund Spenser
    • Epic poem (叙事诗)The Faerie Queen (《仙后》)
    • Spenserian stanzas: nine-line units
renaissance poets1
Renaissance Poets
  • Christopher Marlowe
    • Playwright
    • Lyric poet
    • Pastoral verse: looking at the country life
  • William Shakespeare
    • Playwright
    • English sonnet/Shakespeare sonnet
elizabethan drama and prose
Elizabethan Drama and Prose
  • No longer religious
  • References to ancient texts
  • Drama written in verse
  • King James Bible
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