SEPARATION BARRIER
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SEPARATION BARRIER. B'TSELEM - The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories. Electronic fence. S e r v i c e r o a d. B a r b e d- w i r e fence. P a t r o l r o a d. T r a c e R o a d. T r e n c h. A r m o r e d V e h i c l e s R o ad.

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SEPARATION BARRIER

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Separation barrier

SEPARATION BARRIER

B'TSELEM - The Israeli Information Center for

Human Rights in the Occupied Territories


Separation barrier

Electronic fence

Serviceroad

Barbed-wire fence

Patrol road

TraceRoad

Trench

ArmoredVehicles Road

SEPARATION BARRIER

SEPARATION BARRIER

What is it?

Width: 60-100 meters


Separation barrier

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Route

Inside the West Bank

Inside the West Bank

Inside the West Bank


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Project Stages

Qedumim

Stage 1:138 km - Completed in most areas

Ariel

Stage 2:60 km -of this, 45 km already completed

Jerusalem Envelope:50 km - of this, 35 km already completed

Stage 3 and 4:340 km - Approved in Oct. 2003

Cabinet decision expected regarding changes in the route


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Depth Barrier

7 secondary barriers have been approved to the east and west of the main barrier.

The goal:

to block access to Israel

to isolate areas from the rest of the West Bank


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Length of the Barrier

Main Barrier:590 km

+

Secondary Barriers: 70 km

Total length:660 km

More than twicethe lengthof the Green Line


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Estimated Financial Cost

US$2.5 million per kilometer

Total = US$ 2 billion


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Project Stages

In addition:Jordan Valley barrier - Proposed


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Population Affected

Over 250,000 peoplein

84 communitiesin enclaves*

210,000 peopleinEast Jerusalemseparated from the rest of the West Bank

402,000 people in 102 communitiesseparated from vital places*

875,000Palestiniansdirectly affected

* These figures will change if the Cabinet approves changes to the route, as promised.


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Land Affected

951,000 dunams

16% of the West Bank


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Jenin

Tulkarm

Ya’bad

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Tulkarm

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Qalqiliya

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

The “Seam Area” Regime: Stage 1

The area between the barrier and thegreen line (1.7% of the West Bank):“closed military zone”.

Entering or being in theclosed zone is forbiddenwithout a special permit.

The order does not apply toIsraelis, Jews and tourists.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The “Seam Area” Regime: Stage 1

Palestinians over age 12 must obtain a "permanent resident" permit.

Need to prove “to the satisfaction of the Civil Administration” that they doin fact live in the seam area.

Permits valid only for several months.

Residents can appeal to a military committee; if rejected they must leave their homes.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The “Seam Area” Regime: Stage 1

Other residents from the West Bankmust have a permit in order toenter the seam area.

12 types of permits exist basedon the purpose of entry:farmer; medical personnel, teacher, etc.

Permits are valid for a particular gate and for certain times of day only.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

Crossingthe Barrier: Stage 1

30 agricultural gates: Open 2-3 timesa day for a short time

9 checkpoints: For the residents of the

enclaves and for settlers


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

Freedom of Movement

Passage permits: applications areoften arbitrarily rejected

Passage requires long waits.

During “total closure” the gates are closed.

IDF restrictions have brought Palestinian movement to an almost total halt.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Right to Work

Tens of thousands of Palestinians are separated from their workplaces.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Right to Work

Agriculture is severely harmed:thousands of acres of cultivatedland separated from rest ofthe West Bank.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

of Living

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Right to an Adequate Standard

About 40% of West Bank Palestinians currently live below the poverty line

The barrier is liable to force thousands more Palestinian families into poverty.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Right to Health

of Living

  • Most of the affected communities rely on hospitals in Tulkarem, Qalqilya and East Jerusalem.

  • Nine of the villages in enclaves west of the barrier donot have amedicalclinic.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Ya’bad

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

SEPARATION BARRIER

The Right to Education

Many teachers who live in

Tulkarem, Qalqilya and East

Jerusalem teach in schools

in neighboring villages and face problems reaching their schools.


Separation barrier

Stage 1

Jenin

Jenin

Tulkarm

Tulkarm

Ya’bad

Nablus

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Qalqiliya

Kafr Thulth

‘Izbat Salman

Al-Mudawwar

Ramallah

Ramallah

‘Izbat Al-Ashqar

Tulkarm

Beit Amin

Jericho

Jericho

Oranit

Sanniriya

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Azzun Atma

Sha’are Tiqva

Etz Efrayim

Elqana

Bethlehem

Bethlehem

Mas-ha

Qalqiliya

Hebron

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Case Study: ‘Azzun ‘Atma

Isolation of some residents from therest of the village

Problems marketing produce inthe West Bank

Restricted access to lands east of the barrier

Problems in functioning of two schools

Restricted access tomedical treatment


Separation barrier

Jerusalem Envelope

Ramallah

Falamya

KafrJammal

Giv’at Ze’ev

Jaba

Ar-Ram

Jayyus

Beit Hanina

Zufin

Hizma

Pisgat Ze’ev

Qalqilya

Ramot Allon

Anata

Shu’afat

East Jerusalem

West Jerusalem

’Eizariya

Silwan

Abu Dis

Sawahira

Sur Bahir

Al-Walaja

Gilo

Sheikh Sa’d

Beit Jala

Beit Sahur

Bethlehem

SEPARATION BARRIER

Case Study: Jerusalem Envelope (East)

East of the municipal boundary:82,500 Palestinians

West of the municipal boundary:200,000 Palestinians

Until recently, the municipal boundary had almost no implications on the daily lives of the residents.

The establishment of the barrier to the east of Jerusalem completely ignores the existing reality.


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Establishing Permanent Facts

Israel describes the barrier as a“temporary means tomeet security needs”

Israel similarly described most of the settlements that were established in the 1970s

All signs indicate that the barrier is

intended for thelong-term


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Concealing the Facts

Despite the enormous sums

that Israeli citizens are paying for the barrier;

Despite the grave violations

of human rights that it will cause;

Despite the political repercussions

of far-reaching consequence;

Israel refuses to provide information about the barrier and prevents public debate.


Separation barrier

Jenin

Jayyus

Jayyus

Zufin

Zufin

Tulkarm

Qalqiliya

Qalqiliya

Nablus

Alfe Menashe

Alfe Menashe

Qalqiliya

Habla

Habla

Falamya

KafrJammal

Matan

Matan

Original Route

Current Route

Jayyus

Zufin

Ramallah

Qalqilya

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Why Was This Route Chosen?

To perpetuatemost settlements

To avoid recognition of the 1967 border

To benefit Jewish communities in Israel

To preserve antiquities

To ensure access to holy sites


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Are there Alternatives?

Improve functioning ofcheckpoints along the Green Line

Most perpetrators of attacks enterIsrael through the checkpoints.

Deploy more forces alongthe Green Line

The IDF chose to shift forces to locations deep within the West Bank.

Construct the barrieralong the Green Line

or inside Israel.


Separation barrier

Jenin

Tulkarm

Nablus

Qalqiliya

Ramallah

Jericho

Jerusalem

Bethlehem

Hebron

SEPARATION BARRIER

Time to Act

Most of the barrierhas not yet been constructed.

It is still possible to preventfuture human rights violations.


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