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Conceptualising Cultural Environments. Seminar Four: the demand for events. Motivations to Attend Events. Social Motives Social interaction with others Creation of community spirit Status of recognition of achievement Philanthropy or charitable contributions.

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conceptualising cultural environments

Conceptualising Cultural Environments

Seminar Four: the demand for events

motivations to attend events
Motivations to Attend Events
  • Social Motives
    • Social interaction with others
    • Creation of community spirit
    • Status of recognition of achievement
    • Philanthropy or charitable contributions
  • Organisational Motives
    • The need to make sales
    • The need to have an organisational presence
    • Status or recognition
    • Sponsorship or community spirit
motivations to attend events1
Motivations to Attend Events
  • Physiological Motives
    • Relaxation or recognition with others
    • Sexual enjoyment with others
    • Exercise or physical challenge
    • To eat, drink or be entertained
  • Personal Motives
    • Seeking new experiences
    • Learning and education
    • Creativity and exploration
    • Fulfilment of ambitions
discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • How do you think demand for events has changed in recent years?
  • What factors do you think have contributed to these changes?
  • What positive and negative impacts do you think these changes can have on events? You might want to think about specific event with which you are familiar.
  • As event managers what can we do to try to motivate people to attend our event rather than others?
illegal cultural consumption
Illegal Cultural Consumption
  • How do we define illegal leisure?
    • Illegal leisure is tied up with the idea of social harm
    • “the idea of social harm suggests that the rights of individuals to enjoy leisure activities can be restricted if it causes other people harm” (Harris 2005:169)
    • Illegal leisure is also concerned with ‘perceived immorality’ – things that we think are ‘not acceptable’
  • The role of the Government
    • The government decides what constitutes illegal leisure
    • Legislation and Acts of Parliament are in place/brought in to restrict leisure activities – control what people can do
  • Does this work?
    • Why are some seemingly harmful activities illegal and others not?
    • Do people pay attention to restrictions?
illegal cultural consumption1
Illegal Cultural Consumption
  • Normalisation
    • The concept of normalisation has been used in many contexts but essentially it is concerned with how a ‘deviant’, often subcultural, population or their deviant behaviour is able to be accommodated into a larger group or society (Parker, Aldridge & Measham, 1998)
    • For example, it is often said that drug use has been normalised among young people – i.e. it has become acceptable
  • Why is some people’s illegal leisure seen to be ok and other’s not?
    • Blood sports and foxhunting
    • Any Winehouse
  • How can illegal leisure impact on events and entertainment?
  • What are the main issues for managers in these areas?
illegal cultural consumption2
Illegal Cultural Consumption
  • Why are certain cultural activities seen to be acceptable while others are seen to be unacceptable?
  • Why do you think people participate in illegal leisure activities?
  • Do you think that some activities are seen to be more attractive because they are restricted?
  • Why do you think it appears to be acceptable for some people to participate in illegal leisure but not others?
  • Do you think some forms of illegal leisure are more acceptable than others and if so, why?