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INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO SUPERIOR DE PUERTO VALLARTA. ENGLISH LEVEL 5 Miss Cinthya González López Cláusulas de la voz pasiva. La voz pasiva con by . La voz pasiva: Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa Negativa-Interrogativa Beatriz Sánchez Piña Luis Enrique Amaral Mariscal

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INSTITUTO TECNOLOGICO SUPERIOR DE PUERTO VALLARTA

  • ENGLISH LEVEL 5

  • Miss Cinthya González López

  • Cláusulas de la voz pasiva.

  • La voz pasiva con by.

  • La voz pasiva:

  • Afirmativa

  • Negativa

  • Interrogativa

  • Negativa-Interrogativa

  • Beatriz Sánchez Piña

  • Luis Enrique Amaral Mariscal

  • Angel Rubén Cabrera Carrillo

  • Puerto Vallarta, Jal. 01 de Octubre de 2011


Cláusulas de la voz pasiva

Use:

Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.

Form:

Subject + finite form of to be+ Past Participle.

Example: A letter was written.

Bellswerelistened


Cláusulas de la voz pasiva

Example: My bike was stolen.

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.

Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows:

Example: A mistake was made.

In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone (e.g. You have made a mistake.).


Cláusulas de la voz pasiva

MORE EXAMPLES:

Fingerswerepointed

He wasfound

It has beendecided


La voz pasiva con By

If the agent is important (the person, company or thing that does the action) , use "by“. Look at this sentence:

He was killed with a gun.

Normally we use by to introduce the passive object. But the gun is not the active subject. The gun did not kill him. He was killed by somebody with a gun. In the active voice, it would be: Somebody killed him with a gun. The gun is the instrument. Somebody is the "agent" or "doer".

President Kennedy was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald.


La voz pasiva con By

More examples:

Presents are bought by Mary

An apple is eaten by Tom

I am liked by my friends



La voz pasiva (Afirmativa)

Affirmative:

Fingerswerepointed.

He wasfound.

It has beendecided.

My bike was stolen.

A mistake was made.

Interrogative:

Is the book written?Was the book written?Will the book be written?

Negative:

The book is not writtenThe book will not be writtenThe book had not been written

Interrogative-Negative :

Was the book not written?


ON THIS DAY.

International Day of Older Persons

On December 14th. 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (by resolution 45/106) designated October 1st. the International Day of Older Persons.


ON THIS DAY.

International Day of Older Persons

This was preceded by initiatives such as the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing - which was adopted by the 1982 World Assembly on Ageing - and endorsed later that year by the UN General Assembly.


ON THIS DAY.

International Day of Older Persons

In 1991, the General Assembly (by resolution 46/91) adopted the United Nations Principles for Older Persons.

In 2002, the Second World Assembly on Ageing adopted the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing, to respond to the opportunities and challenges of population ageing in the 21st century and to promote the development of a society for all ages.


ON THIS DAY.

International Day of Older Persons

The theme of the year 2011's commemoration is "Launch of Madrid+10: The Growing Opportunities & Challenges of Global Ageing".


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