Cognitive behavioral therapy
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Beck’s Cognitive Therapy (CT) Meichenbaum’s Cognitive Behavior Modification (CBM). From Behavior Theory Comes…. Albert Ellis’ REBT Aaron T. Beck’s CT Donald Meichenbaum’s CBT

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

Beck’s Cognitive Therapy (CT) Meichenbaum’s Cognitive Behavior Modification (CBM)


From behavior theory comes

From Behavior Theory Comes…

  • Albert Ellis’ REBT

  • Aaron T. Beck’s CT

  • Donald Meichenbaum’s CBT

  • These are the more prominent cognitive behavioral approaches, however, there are over 20 therapies that are considered “cognitive” or “cognitive behavioral”


History of rebt

History of REBT

  • Developed by Albert Ellis (1955)

  • Incorporated cognition, emotion, and behavior into techniques

  • Maintains that cognition governs emotions, feelings (i.e., “We feel what we think”)

  • Considered “active-directive” therapeutic process that focuses on client empowerment and education

  • Goal is to get clients to feel and think more positively, thus attaining their personal goals


History of ct

History of CT

  • Developed by Aaron Beck

  • Clients misinterpret certain life situations, which leads to cognitive distortions or “logical errors”

  • Logical errors lead to emotional difficulties by distorting reality to validate previously held negative beliefs


History of cbm

History of CBM

  • Developed by Donald Meichenbaum

  • Focus on changing client’s self-verbalizations

  • In order to change, clients must listen to their “self-speak” and notice how they think, feel, and behave


Basic principles

Basic Principles


Role of therapist

Role of Therapist


Therapeutic process

Therapeutic Process


Significant contributions

Significant Contributions


Limitations of cognitive behavioral therapy

Limitations of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

  • Cultural considerations

    • Theory is Eurocentric in that it relies heavily on “logic” as defined by Western principles

    • If a client comes from a culture that does not encourage direct confrontation

    • If a client’s culture focuses on “being” rather than “thinking”

    • ???


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