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1. Sister Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN Professor and Nurse Theorist
2. Professor and Nurse Theorist
Born in LA on October 14,1939, and worked as a pantry girl at a hospital by age 14, then a maid, and later became a Nurses Aide.
BSN 1963 - Mount Saint Marys
MSN, 1966; MA in sociology, 1973; Ph.D. in Sociology, 1977 - University of California, LA
Dr. Roy is with the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Carondelet. (this is what led her to nursing).
3. Professional Contributions Research: 163 studies: 1970-94.
Books: 1. The Roy Adaptation Model: The Definition Statement; 2. The Roy Adaptation: Model-Based Research: 25 years of contribution to Nursing Science.
Journal Publications- Research & papers on nursing knowledge have appeared in Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship.
Her model has been used to develop nursing school curriculum and in 1987 over 100,000 nurses graduated from schools emphasizing the Roy Adaptation Model.
4. Awards 1989 Fulbright Senior Scholar Award from Australian-American Educational Foundation (to fund the translation of her books into French, Italian, Spanish, Finnish, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese).
1991 National League for Nursing honored her with the Martha Rogers Award for advancing nursing science.
1991 The Sister Callista Roy Lectureship was established.
5. Callista Roys Definition of Nursing A scientific discipline that is practice-oriented.
A theoretical system of knowledge which prescribes a process of analysis and action r/t the care of the ill or potentially ill.
An interpersonal process that is initiated by the individuals maladaptation to changes in the environment.
Nursing actions are directed to reduce or
removing stimuli and to enhancing the adaptive level of the individual.
6. Nursing: The 4 Modes
Physiological mode- 5 basic physiological
needs (Oxygenation, nutrition, elimination, activity and
rest, and protection) and 4 regulator processes.
Self concept-The composition of beliefs and feelings that
a person holds about himself.
Interdependence- maintaining integrity. Involves a willingness and ability to love, respect, and value others and to accept love.
Output- outcome of the system. The persons behaviors characterized as adaptive responses or ineffective responses.
7. Goals of Nursing The promotion of adaptation in each of 4 modes: physiological needs, self concept, role function, interdependence thereby contributing to the persons health, quality of life or death with dignity.
Nursing aims to increase the adaptive responses and to decrease ineffective responses.
8. Catchment/Release Mechanism Overall, her theory proposes that a primary goal of nursing be the "promotion of Patient adaptation.
Thus, when a person is not adapting positively, he is of concern to nursing.
Once a person manifests effective behavior, he
no longer needs nursing attention
9. Nursing: 3 Major Propositions Nursing action can increase a persons adaptive responses.
Nursing actions can decrease a persons ineffective responses.
People interact with changing environments in an attempt to achieve adaptation and health.