Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna
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Pulses production Efficient management practices for achieving higher productivity. Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna. Bihar Agroclimatic Condition ( Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region). Flood Affected Free from Flood . Flood affected Bihar.

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Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna

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Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

Pulses production

Efficient management practices for

achieving higher productivity

Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

Sr. Scientist (Agronomy)

ICAR RCER Patna


Bihar agroclimatic condition zone iv middle gangatic plain region

Bihar Agroclimatic Condition(Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region)


Flood affected bihar

Flood Affected

Free from Flood

Flood affected Bihar


Drought affected area

Drought Affected

Free from Drought

Drought affected area


Probability of occurrence of drought

Probability of occurrence of drought


Bihar at a glance

Bihar at a glance


Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

< 40 %

41 - 60

61 - 85

Araria, E. Champaran, Darbhanga, Kishanganj, Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Sitamarhi, Vaishali

Gross irrigated area


Wetland area in bihar

Wetland area in Bihar


Some facts

Some facts

90 % pulses

85 % oilseed

Contributed by rainfed agriculture


Some facts1

Some facts

Energy value


Some facts2

Some facts

Demand and Supply


Productivity level

ProductivityLevel


Productivity level1

ProductivityLevel


Important pulse crop

Important pulse crop


Constraints in production

Constraints in production

Climate and weather

  • Unfavourableweather conditions

    (Flood, drought, heat and cold wave)

    Problematic Soil

  • Abnormal soil conditions

    (Acid, saline and alkaline etc)


Varietal constraints

Varietal constraints

  • Lack of high yielding varieties

  • Low harvest Index

  • High susceptibility to disease and insect pests

  • Flower and fruit drop


Varietal constraints1

Varietal constraints

  • Lack of short duration cultivar

  • Poor response to inputs

  • Indeterminate growth habits

  • Instability in performance


Quality seed constraints

Quality seed constraints

  • Poor quality seed

  • Inadequate availability of seeds

  • High price

  • Untimely supply


Agronomic constraints

Agronomic constraints

  • Improper sowing time

  • Low seed rate

  • Defective method of sowing

  • Inadequate interculture

  • Insufficient Irrigation

  • Sowing under Utera condition


Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

  • Seldom use of N fertilizers


Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

  • Neglected use of Bio fertilizers


Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

  • Plant protection constraints


Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

Inadequate extension services


Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

  • Training constraints

  • Socioeconomic constraints

  • Inadequate extension facilities


Miscellaneous constraints

Miscellaneous constraints

  • Lack of machinery

  • Losses during storage

  • Losses during processing


Way to realize production potential

Way to realize production potential

  • Role of high yielding varieties

  • Disease resistance

  • Pests resistances

  • Abiotic resistances


Way to realize production potential1

Way to realize production potential

  • Role of high yielding varieties

  • Disease resistance

  • Pests resistances

  • Abiotic resistances


Way to realize production potential2

Way to realize production potential

  • Catch cropping

  • Double cropping

  • Intercropping

  • Response to inputs


Sequential cropping

Sequential cropping

  • Summer oilseed and pulses

  • Rabi pigeon pea

  • Summer mung bean + pigeon pea

  • Late sown chickpea in irrigated area

  • Pulses in rice fallow


Intercropping system

Intercropping System

  • Cereal+ pulse (Barley /Wheat + Lentil/ Gram

  • Oilseed+ pulse (Mustard /linseed + lentil/Gram

  • Pulse +pulse (Gram +Lentil Field pea)

  • Sugar cane +Pulse (moong/ urd)


Non monetary management

Non monetary Management

  • Choice of variety

  • Seed inoculation

  • Seed treatments

  • Sowing time


Non monetary management1

Non monetary Management

  • Plant population

  • Plant protection

  • Cultural operation


Biotic stress of pulses

Biotic Stress of pulses


Important disease pests

Important disease pests

  • Wilt

  • Stem rot

  • Cankers

  • Leaf spot

  • Sterility Mosaic

  • YMV


Important disease pests1

Important disease pests

  • Web blight

  • Cercosporaleaf spot

  • Root rot

  • Anthrocanose

  • Bacterial leaf spot


Important disease pests2

Important disease pests

  • Mosaic Mottle

  • Ascochyta blight

  • Grey mould

  • Rust

  • Stunt

  • Tip necrossis

  • Powdery mildew


Important insect pests

Important Insect pests

  • Pod borer

  • Pod fly

  • Pod bug

  • Leaf binder and Webbers


Important insect pests1

Important Insect pests

  • Jassid

  • White flies

  • Bihar Hairy caterpillar

  • Beetles

  • Cutworms


Important insect pests2

Important Insect pests

  • Stem fly

  • Leaf min or

  • Leaf eating caterpillars

  • Aphids


Important insect pests3

Important Insect pests

  • Painted bug

  • Mustard Sawfly

  • Linseed midge


Agronomic management

Agronomic Management

  • Optimum plant stand


Agronomic management1

Agronomic Management

  • Water management


Agronomic management2

Agronomic Management

Weed management


Agronomic management3

Agronomic Management

Nutrient management


Nutrient management

Nutrient Management

Major/ primary Nutrient

  • N

  • P

  • K


Nutrient management1

Nutrient Management

Secondary Nutrient

  • Ca

  • Mg

  • S


Nutrient management2

Nutrient Management

Micro Nutrients

  • Zn

  • Bo

  • Mo

  • Cu


Use of hormones

Use of Hormones

IAA

IBA

Cytokines


Input management

Input management

Source

Dose

Time

methods


Critical stages

Critical Stages

Weeds and crops

Water management

Nutrient management

Pesticide application


Genetic modification

Genetic modification


Growth habit

Growth habit

In determinant

V/S

Determinant


Temperature tolerance

Temperature tolerance

Thermo sensitive

V/S

Thermo insensitive


Photo sensitivity

Photo sensitivity

Photo sensitive

V/S

Photo insensitive


Photosynthetic activity

Photosynthetic activity

C3

V/S

C4 cycle


Important improved pulse varieties

Important improved pulse varieties


Search for new gene

Search for new gene

Biotic stress tolerance

Abiotic stress tolerance

Breaking yield plateau

Improving quality


Thanks

Thanks


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