Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna
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Pulses production Efficient management practices for achieving higher productivity. Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna. Bihar Agroclimatic Condition ( Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region). Flood Affected Free from Flood . Flood affected Bihar.

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Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna

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Pulses production

Efficient management practices for

achieving higher productivity

Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

Sr. Scientist (Agronomy)

ICAR RCER Patna


Bihar Agroclimatic Condition(Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region)


Flood Affected

Free from Flood

Flood affected Bihar


Drought Affected

Free from Drought

Drought affected area


Probability of occurrence of drought


Bihar at a glance


< 40 %

41 - 60

61 - 85

Araria, E. Champaran, Darbhanga, Kishanganj, Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Sitamarhi, Vaishali

Gross irrigated area


Wetland area in Bihar


Some facts

90 % pulses

85 % oilseed

Contributed by rainfed agriculture


Some facts

Energy value


Some facts

Demand and Supply


ProductivityLevel


ProductivityLevel


Important pulse crop


Constraints in production

Climate and weather

  • Unfavourableweather conditions

    (Flood, drought, heat and cold wave)

    Problematic Soil

  • Abnormal soil conditions

    (Acid, saline and alkaline etc)


Varietal constraints

  • Lack of high yielding varieties

  • Low harvest Index

  • High susceptibility to disease and insect pests

  • Flower and fruit drop


Varietal constraints

  • Lack of short duration cultivar

  • Poor response to inputs

  • Indeterminate growth habits

  • Instability in performance


Quality seed constraints

  • Poor quality seed

  • Inadequate availability of seeds

  • High price

  • Untimely supply


Agronomic constraints

  • Improper sowing time

  • Low seed rate

  • Defective method of sowing

  • Inadequate interculture

  • Insufficient Irrigation

  • Sowing under Utera condition


  • Seldom use of N fertilizers


  • Neglected use of Bio fertilizers


  • Plant protection constraints


Inadequate extension services


  • Training constraints

  • Socioeconomic constraints

  • Inadequate extension facilities


Miscellaneous constraints

  • Lack of machinery

  • Losses during storage

  • Losses during processing


Way to realize production potential

  • Role of high yielding varieties

  • Disease resistance

  • Pests resistances

  • Abiotic resistances


Way to realize production potential

  • Role of high yielding varieties

  • Disease resistance

  • Pests resistances

  • Abiotic resistances


Way to realize production potential

  • Catch cropping

  • Double cropping

  • Intercropping

  • Response to inputs


Sequential cropping

  • Summer oilseed and pulses

  • Rabi pigeon pea

  • Summer mung bean + pigeon pea

  • Late sown chickpea in irrigated area

  • Pulses in rice fallow


Intercropping System

  • Cereal+ pulse (Barley /Wheat + Lentil/ Gram

  • Oilseed+ pulse (Mustard /linseed + lentil/Gram

  • Pulse +pulse (Gram +Lentil Field pea)

  • Sugar cane +Pulse (moong/ urd)


Non monetary Management

  • Choice of variety

  • Seed inoculation

  • Seed treatments

  • Sowing time


Non monetary Management

  • Plant population

  • Plant protection

  • Cultural operation


Biotic Stress of pulses


Important disease pests

  • Wilt

  • Stem rot

  • Cankers

  • Leaf spot

  • Sterility Mosaic

  • YMV


Important disease pests

  • Web blight

  • Cercosporaleaf spot

  • Root rot

  • Anthrocanose

  • Bacterial leaf spot


Important disease pests

  • Mosaic Mottle

  • Ascochyta blight

  • Grey mould

  • Rust

  • Stunt

  • Tip necrossis

  • Powdery mildew


Important Insect pests

  • Pod borer

  • Pod fly

  • Pod bug

  • Leaf binder and Webbers


Important Insect pests

  • Jassid

  • White flies

  • Bihar Hairy caterpillar

  • Beetles

  • Cutworms


Important Insect pests

  • Stem fly

  • Leaf min or

  • Leaf eating caterpillars

  • Aphids


Important Insect pests

  • Painted bug

  • Mustard Sawfly

  • Linseed midge


Agronomic Management

  • Optimum plant stand


Agronomic Management

  • Water management


Agronomic Management

Weed management


Agronomic Management

Nutrient management


Nutrient Management

Major/ primary Nutrient

  • N

  • P

  • K


Nutrient Management

Secondary Nutrient

  • Ca

  • Mg

  • S


Nutrient Management

Micro Nutrients

  • Zn

  • Bo

  • Mo

  • Cu


Use of Hormones

IAA

IBA

Cytokines


Input management

Source

Dose

Time

methods


Critical Stages

Weeds and crops

Water management

Nutrient management

Pesticide application


Genetic modification


Growth habit

In determinant

V/S

Determinant


Temperature tolerance

Thermo sensitive

V/S

Thermo insensitive


Photo sensitivity

Photo sensitive

V/S

Photo insensitive


Photosynthetic activity

C3

V/S

C4 cycle


Important improved pulse varieties


Search for new gene

Biotic stress tolerance

Abiotic stress tolerance

Breaking yield plateau

Improving quality


Thanks


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