Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna
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Pulses production Efficient management practices for achieving higher productivity. Dr. Anil Kumar Singh Sr. Scientist (Agronomy) ICAR RCER Patna. Bihar Agroclimatic Condition ( Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region). Flood Affected Free from Flood . Flood affected Bihar.

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Dr anil kumar singh sr scientist agronomy icar rcer patna

Pulses production

Efficient management practices for

achieving higher productivity

Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

Sr. Scientist (Agronomy)

ICAR RCER Patna


Bihar agroclimatic condition zone iv middle gangatic plain region
Bihar Agroclimatic Condition(Zone IV. Middle Gangatic Plain Region)


Flood affected bihar

Flood Affected

Free from Flood

Flood affected Bihar


Drought affected area

Drought Affected

Free from Drought

Drought affected area




< 40 %

41 - 60

61 - 85

Araria, E. Champaran, Darbhanga, Kishanganj, Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Sitamarhi, Vaishali

Gross irrigated area



Some facts

Some facts

90 % pulses

85 % oilseed

Contributed by rainfed agriculture


Some facts1

Some facts

Energy value


Some facts2

Some facts

Demand and Supply




Important pulse crop

Important pulse crop


Constraints in production
Constraints in production

Climate and weather

  • Unfavourableweather conditions

    (Flood, drought, heat and cold wave)

    Problematic Soil

  • Abnormal soil conditions

    (Acid, saline and alkaline etc)


Varietal constraints
Varietal constraints

  • Lack of high yielding varieties

  • Low harvest Index

  • High susceptibility to disease and insect pests

  • Flower and fruit drop


Varietal constraints1
Varietal constraints

  • Lack of short duration cultivar

  • Poor response to inputs

  • Indeterminate growth habits

  • Instability in performance


Quality seed constraints
Quality seed constraints

  • Poor quality seed

  • Inadequate availability of seeds

  • High price

  • Untimely supply


Agronomic constraints
Agronomic constraints

  • Improper sowing time

  • Low seed rate

  • Defective method of sowing

  • Inadequate interculture

  • Insufficient Irrigation

  • Sowing under Utera condition






  • Training constraints

  • Socioeconomic constraints

  • Inadequate extension facilities


Miscellaneous constraints
Miscellaneous constraints

  • Lack of machinery

  • Losses during storage

  • Losses during processing


Way to realize production potential
Way to realize production potential

  • Role of high yielding varieties

  • Disease resistance

  • Pests resistances

  • Abiotic resistances


Way to realize production potential1
Way to realize production potential

  • Role of high yielding varieties

  • Disease resistance

  • Pests resistances

  • Abiotic resistances


Way to realize production potential2
Way to realize production potential

  • Catch cropping

  • Double cropping

  • Intercropping

  • Response to inputs


Sequential cropping
Sequential cropping

  • Summer oilseed and pulses

  • Rabi pigeon pea

  • Summer mung bean + pigeon pea

  • Late sown chickpea in irrigated area

  • Pulses in rice fallow


Intercropping system
Intercropping System

  • Cereal+ pulse (Barley /Wheat + Lentil/ Gram

  • Oilseed+ pulse (Mustard /linseed + lentil/Gram

  • Pulse +pulse (Gram +Lentil Field pea)

  • Sugar cane +Pulse (moong/ urd)


Non monetary management
Non monetary Management

  • Choice of variety

  • Seed inoculation

  • Seed treatments

  • Sowing time


Non monetary management1
Non monetary Management

  • Plant population

  • Plant protection

  • Cultural operation



Important disease pests
Important disease pests

  • Wilt

  • Stem rot

  • Cankers

  • Leaf spot

  • Sterility Mosaic

  • YMV


Important disease pests1
Important disease pests

  • Web blight

  • Cercosporaleaf spot

  • Root rot

  • Anthrocanose

  • Bacterial leaf spot


Important disease pests2
Important disease pests

  • Mosaic Mottle

  • Ascochyta blight

  • Grey mould

  • Rust

  • Stunt

  • Tip necrossis

  • Powdery mildew


Important insect pests
Important Insect pests

  • Pod borer

  • Pod fly

  • Pod bug

  • Leaf binder and Webbers


Important insect pests1
Important Insect pests

  • Jassid

  • White flies

  • Bihar Hairy caterpillar

  • Beetles

  • Cutworms


Important insect pests2
Important Insect pests

  • Stem fly

  • Leaf min or

  • Leaf eating caterpillars

  • Aphids


Important insect pests3
Important Insect pests

  • Painted bug

  • Mustard Sawfly

  • Linseed midge


Agronomic management
Agronomic Management

  • Optimum plant stand


Agronomic management1
Agronomic Management

  • Water management


Agronomic management2
Agronomic Management

Weed management


Agronomic management3
Agronomic Management

Nutrient management


Nutrient management
Nutrient Management

Major/ primary Nutrient

  • N

  • P

  • K


Nutrient management1
Nutrient Management

Secondary Nutrient

  • Ca

  • Mg

  • S


Nutrient management2
Nutrient Management

Micro Nutrients

  • Zn

  • Bo

  • Mo

  • Cu


Use of hormones
Use of Hormones

IAA

IBA

Cytokines


Input management
Input management

Source

Dose

Time

methods


Critical stages
Critical Stages

Weeds and crops

Water management

Nutrient management

Pesticide application



Growth habit
Growth habit

In determinant

V/S

Determinant


Temperature tolerance
Temperature tolerance

Thermo sensitive

V/S

Thermo insensitive


Photo sensitivity
Photo sensitivity

Photo sensitive

V/S

Photo insensitive


Photosynthetic activity
Photosynthetic activity

C3

V/S

C4 cycle



Search for new gene
Search for new gene

Biotic stress tolerance

Abiotic stress tolerance

Breaking yield plateau

Improving quality



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