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Comments on Beowulf. 1. Beowulf is a national epic of English people. 2. It is the representative works of the early English literature with 3183 lines. 3. Its writer is unknown. Key Facts of Beowulf. unknown. Beowulf. 1. Author: 2. Protagonist: 3. Point of View:

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Comments on beowulf
Comments on Beowulf

1. Beowulf is a national epic of English people.

2. It is the representative works of the early English literature with 3183 lines.

3. Its writer is unknown.


Key facts of beowulf
Key Facts of Beowulf

unknown

Beowulf

1. Author:

2. Protagonist:

3. Point of View:

4. Published:

5. Setting:

1) Time ~:

2) Place ~:

the 3rd person

about 1000 A. D

around 500 A.D

Denmark & Geatland

6. The Language: Anglo-Saxon


Key facts of beowulf1
Key Facts of Beowulf

unknown

Beowulf

1. Author:

2. Protagonist:

3. Point of View:

4. Published:

5. Setting:

1) Time ~:

2) Place ~:

the 3rd person

about 1000 A. D

around 500 A.D

Denmark & Geatland

6. The Language: Anglo-Saxon


Character List

随从

trouble

大乡绅


Three plots
Three Plots

1. Grendel’s domination of Heorot Hall;

2. The vengeance of Grendel’s mother after Grendel is slain(slay);

3. The rage of the dragon after a thief steals a treasure that it has been guarding.


Major themes
Major Themes

1. Loyalty

1) Beowulf’s loyalty:

Loyalty is Beowulf's guiding virtue.

  • Hrothgar, old king of Danes;

  • Hygelac, uncle, king of Geats

  • Heardred, son of Hygelac

    2) Wiglaf’s loalty to Beowulf


Major themes1
Major Themes

2. Reputation

Beowulf’s good reputation:

1) Back with Grendal’s head, not gold or treasure

2) No savage mind, never kills his comrades

3) Defense his people in fighting the fire dragon


Major themes2
Major Themes

3. Generosity

Hrothgar’s generosity:

  • To Beowulf: a golden banner, helmet, and mail-shirt, a jeweled sword, magnificent horses

  • To warriors: the booty

  • Expressions for “king”: ring-giver, treasure-giver


Major themes3
Major Themes

4. Envy and Revenge

  • Grendel’s envy: mankind’s hope or joy

  • Revenge:

    Dam’s (Grendel’s mother’s) revenge

    Fire Dragon’s revenge

    Beowulf’s revenge


Major themes4
Major Themes

5. Heroism

strength, courage, loyalty, reputation,

generosity & hostipility(好客)


Major symbols
Major Symbols

Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.

Most of the objects mentioned in Beowulf have symbolic status.


Major symbols1
Major Symbols

1. The Golden collar or neckace

The collar or necklace that Wealhtheow gives Beowulf is a symbol of the bond of loyalty between her people and Beowulf


Major symbols2
Major Symbols

2. The Banquet

The banquet at Heorot after the defeat of Grendel: symbol of the restoration of order and harmony to the Danish people, the rebirth of the community.


Major symbols3
Major Symbols

3. Heorot Hall

1) Symbol of the achievements of Hrothgar

2) Symbol of the level of civilization of the Danish people.


Major symbols4
Major Symbols

4. The Cave

1) Symbol of a degree of safety and privacy

2) Symbol of dark and dank and full of evil.

潮湿的


Major symbols5
Major Symbols

5. Grendel's Claw and Head

1) Symbol of Beowulf’s victory

2) Symbol of Dam’s personal loss and mankind’s death


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