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Aztec. Jayce Allred Kenzie Chadwick. Achievements. An advanced calendar system Pictographs Jewelry Medicine A huge empire filled with millions of people Structures - Statues , Pyramids, Temples Politics.

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Jayce Allred

Kenzie Chadwick


  • An advanced calendar system

  • Pictographs

  • Jewelry

  • Medicine

  • A huge empire filled with millions of people

  • Structures - Statues, Pyramids, Temples


  • Aztec empire was made up of a series of city-states that was known as Altepetl.

  • Each altepetl was ruled by a supreme leader, tlatoani and a supreme judge and administrator, cihuacoatl.

  • The tlatoani was the owner of all land in his city-state; he received tribute, oversaw markets and temples, led the military, and resolved judicial disputes.

  • The cihuacoatl was the second in command and served as the supreme judge for the court system; He appointed all lower court judges, and handled the financial affairs of the altepetl.


  • New emperors were elected by a high council of four nobles who were related to the rulers before.

  • Emperors were usually chosen from among the brothers or sons of the deceased ruler.

  • Even though the emperor had absolute power, he governed with the assistance of four advisors and one senior advisor who were elected by the nobility.

Social structure
Social Structure

  • Tlatoani; King or paramount chief

  • Cihuacoatl; Chief minister and deputy

  • Tlacatecatl, Tlacochcalcatl, Tlillancalqui, Ezhuahuancatl; Next most senior

  • Tecuhtli; Senior nobility and heads of noble houses

  • Pilli; The very highest social sphere in Aztec society

  • Cuauhpilli; Non-hereditary nobility

  • Calpullec; Leaders of each district

  • Pochtec; Professional travelling merchants

  • Macehualli; The peasantry

Social structure1
Social Structure

  • Aztec state was authoritarian

  • Monarch held all power

  • A council of lords and government officials assisted the Aztec ruler

  • The nobility, the elite of the society was the government

  • The rest of the population was commoners/merchants/craftspeople, indentured workers, and slaves

  • Commoners were mostly farmers. Merchants traded goods that were made by the craftspeople


  • Strengthened by their belief in a sign that would come from their god of war and the god of sun.

  • Huitzilophochtli, the god told them that when they saw an eagle perched on a cactus growing out of a rock, their journey would end.

  • The Aztecs had a polytheistic religion (they believed in many gods.).


  • Their “supreme” god, Ometeol, represented the all-powerful forces of the heavens.

  • Huitzilphochtli was another important god to Aztec warriors as they expanded control over neighboring people.

  • Quetzalcoatl had a more direct impact on peoples lives.

  • The Aztecs religion was based on a belief in unending struggles between good and evil forces throughout the universe.

    World History, Glencoe, 2010


  • Located in Central Mexico.

  • Became a very powerful civilization as they learned important skills like how to grow corn and eventually adapted to their environment they migrated into in the early 1100s.

  • Constructed pyramids that were much like the ones the ziggurats of Mesopotamia had created.


  • There was an island in Lake Texcoco and this was where they had built “Tenochitlan”; there capital in 1335.

  • About 300,000 Aztec people lived on the capital island.

  • They got off the island using paved roads over water called “causeways”.

  • The Aztec capital contained everything they needed for living everyday life.

  • The king, his family, and thousands of servants and officials lived in a huge palace in the capital.


  • Economy was based on farming.

  • Corn was there most valued crop, but farmers also grew beans, squash, peppers, avocados, tobacco and hemp.

  • The Aztec Indians used basic digging sticks to cultivate their crops because they had no plows, draft animals, or tools.

  • In spite of this important stuff, Aztec farmers produced more than enough food for themselves.

  • Trade was extremely important.


  • The supplies that came into Tenochtitlán from distant parts of the empire expanded, If the tribes had been defeated or “conquered” they had to pay a yearly amount of goods, such as rubber, feathers, cacao, and gold and stones from the south.

  • This brought wealth into the Aztec capital.