Victims of crime act voca crime victims fund amentals 2009 budget
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Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) Crime Victims Fund- amentals 2009 Budget. Parents of Murdered Children. What is the Crime Victims Fund?. Created in 1984 as revenue source for the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) to support state victim assistance and crime victim compensation.

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Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) Crime Victims Fund- amentals 2009 Budget

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Victims of crime act voca crime victims fund amentals 2009 budget

Victims of Crime Act(VOCA)Crime VictimsFund-amentals2009 Budget


Victims of crime act voca crime victims fund amentals 2009 budget

Parents of Murdered Children


What is the crime victims fund

What is the Crime Victims Fund?

  • Created in 1984 as revenue source for the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) to support state victim assistance and crime victim compensation.

  • Separate account; self-sufficient.

  • Paid entirely by Federal criminal offenders; no taxpayer dollars.

  • Only Federal funding for direct services to victims of all types of crimes.


Unlike other programs

Unlike other programs…

  • Permanent authorization, no sunset.

  • Continuing appropriation.

  • Cap on Fund delays amounts otherwise available for obligation.

  • Unobligated amounts remain in Fund for future victim services.


How crime victims fund works

Services

How Crime Victims Fund works…

Crime Victims Fund

Year One

Year Two


Voca program areas

State Compensation Formula Grants (1984)

State Victim Assistance Formula Grants (1984)

OVC Discretionary Grants (1984)

Children’s Justice Act (1986)

U.S. Attorneys’ Victim/Witness (2000)

FBI Victim Assistance Specialists (2001)

Federal Victim Notification System (2002)

Antiterrorism Emergency Reserve (1996; 2001)

OJP Offices; OAAM, CCDO (2006)

OJP Management & Administration (2008)

Services

VOCA Program Areas


State victim assistance grants

56 jurisdictions grant:

base $+ % pop.

4,400 public and nonprofit agencies…

provide direct victim assistance services…

to 3.8 million victims of all types of crimes each year.

  • crisis intervention and counseling

  • support groups and therapy/treatment

  • emergency shelter

  • Information/referral and hotlines

  • legal advocacy and emergency financial assist.

  • criminal justice system (case status/disposition

  • information, restitution assistance)

  • personal advocacy and case management

State Victim Assistance Grants


Fund deposits caps

Fund Deposits/Caps

1985-2007 = $9 Billion

Est. FY 09 Opening Balance

$1.9 Billion


2009 budget request

2009 Budget Request

  • Rescinds $2.024 billion.

  • Sets cap at $590 million.

  • Includes $50 million Antiterrorism Emergency Reserve “under the cap.”

  • Transforms Fund from special account into revenue-offset account.


2 024 billion rescission

$2.024 billion Rescission

  • Opening balance, 2009 (“rainy day” balance)$1,904

  • plus amounts to be collected during 2009 710

    2,614

  • lessnew budget authority (cap) -590

  • less rescission-2,024

  • Opening balance, 2010-0-

    What happens in 2010?


Voca allocation sequence

VOCA Allocation Sequence

Under the cap (2008 estimate)$590.0

  • OJP Management & Administration – 5.5%32.5

  • OJP Office of Audit, Assessment and Management – 1.5%8.9

  • Children’s Justice Act20.0

  • U.S. Atty’s Victim/Witness Coord.25.2

  • FBI Victim Assistance Specialists13.1

  • Federal Victim Notification System5.5

    Of amounts remaining:454.8

  • OVC Discretionary Grants – 5%24.2

  • State Compensation Grants - 60% of previous year’s state-funded payout ($285.5m)171.3

  • State Victim Assistance Grants - whatever’s left over! 289.3

  • Above the Cap (except 2009 request)

    • Antiterrorism Emergency Reserve – ($50m); replenished with up to 5% of fund balance after other allocations.


  • Voca program funding

    $770*

    $625

    $625

    $374

    $590

    $590*

    $354

    $301

    $254

    $229

    $396

    $396

    $371

    $236

    $289

    VOCA Program Funding

    Cap

    Other VOCA

    Programs/OJP Costs

    StateVictim

    Assistance

    Grants

    2009

    Request

    2006

    2007

    2008

    est.

    2009

    est.

    In millions

    * Includes $ 50 million AER


    Voca program funding1

    $770*

    $625

    $625

    $374

    $590

    $590*

    VOCA

    Victim Assistance Grants cut by

    $159 million (40%) since 2006

    $354

    $301

    $254

    $229

    $396

    $396

    $371

    $236

    $289

    VOCA Program Funding

    Cap

    Other VOCA

    Programs/OJP Costs

    StateVictim

    Assistance

    Grants

    2009

    Request

    2006

    2007

    2008

    est.

    2009

    est.

    In millions

    * Includes $ 50 million AER


    Fund availability

    $1.3b

    Fund Availability


    Restore voca assistance

    Restore VOCA Assistance

    • $770 million cap = FY 2006 state victim assistance grants.

      • $717 million cap, if AER kept above the cap.

      • $677 million cap, if OJP M&A direct appropriation ($32.4 million).

    • Money already collected from Federal offenders and kept in Fund to maintain stable funding for victim services.

    • Does not include increases in:

      • Crime rates.

      • Demands for services.

      • Types of crimes (e.g. stalking, human trafficking, identity theft, etc.).

      • Costs of operations (e.g. gas, heat/utilities, stamps, etc.).

    • Direct funding for state victim assistance grants.


    What cut means

    What Cut Means…

    • Some will turn away victims needing services.

    • Some will lose staff.

    • Some programs will close entirely.


    Victims of crime act voca crime victims fund amentals 2009 budget

    Steve Derene

    email: [email protected]

    tel: 608-233-2245

    web: www.navaa.org


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