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The Community of Practices “Concept applied to rice production in the Mekong Region: Quick conversion of popular rice varieties with emphasis on drought, salinity and grain quality improvement.

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Ubon ratchathani university

The Community of Practices “Concept applied to rice production in the Mekong Region: Quick conversion of popular rice varieties with emphasis on drought, salinity and grain quality improvement

Improvement of drought tolerant variety, IR57514 , for grain aroma and cooking quality using marker-assisted selection

UbonRatchathani University


Background

Background

BUT

it was not successfully adopted by farmers due to unsatisfied of grain qualities.

IR57514 +

aroma +

good cooking quality

SOLUTION

Problem ?

Breeding IR57514 for grain aroma and good cooking quality traits will greatly enhance both quality and productivity of rice in the rainfed lowland areas in Mekong region.

IR57514 is an elite drought tolerant and high yielding rice variety developed by IRRI which is well adapted to rainfed lowland in Mekong region where the areas are mostly limited by abiotic stresses with unpredictable rainfall patterns.


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Objective

The research was aimed to improve grain aroma and cooking quality of IR57514. Marker-assisted selection (MAS) in backcross breeding will be used to transfer favorable alleles of genes / QTL of grain aroma and good cooking qualities traits from KDML105 into genetic background of IR57514.


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Plant materials

  • The marker-assisted backcross breeding was conducted using IR57514 as the recipient parent.

  • KD571-77, the backcross introgression line of KDML105 carrying Xa21 for bacterial leaf blight resistance and Sub1A, Sub1B and Sub1C for submergence tolerance, was used as a donor parent for grain aroma and good cooking quality traits.

  • The backcross procedure for introgression of the target QTLs was conducted at Ubon Rice Research Center and Kasetsart University, Kamphangsean Campus, NakornPathom.


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MAS Phase I

Breeding scheme:

MAS Phase II


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1stworkshop (May 21 – 30, 2007)

  • 352 BC3F1 were produced from the crosses between the selected 14 BC2F1 and IR57514.

  • 14 BC3F1were selected based on MAS:

    • BADH for grain aroma,

    • waxy for amylose content & gel consistency,

    • SNP 2341 for gelatinization temperature

    • PB7-8 for Xa21 bacterial leaf blight resistance

Phase I

MAS Phase II


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2nd workshop

2ndworkshop (Nov 10 – 24, 2007)

  • 1640 BC3F2 plants were generated from 11 BC3F1

  • The 436 BC3F2 progeny were selected from 1640 BC3F2 based on phenotype.

  • 33 lines were selected using MAS:

    • BADH for grain aroma,

    • waxy for amylose content & gel consistency,

    • SNP 2341 for gelatinization temperature

    • PB7-8 for Xa21 bacterial leaf blight resistance characters.

MAS Phase II


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3rdworkshop (May 1 – 15, 2008)

  • These 33 families of BC3F2 were selfing to generate 2,595 lines of BC3F3 progeny.

  • Marker-assisted selection (MAS):

    • BADH for aroma

    • waxy for amylose content and gel consistency

    • SNP2341 for gelatinization temperature and

    • PB 7-8 for Xa21 bacterial left blight resistance

  • 370 BC3F3 progeny were selected based on genotype (260 lines) and based on phenotype (110 lines).

  • The selected 370 BC3F3 progeny will be evaluated for the traits of interest comparing to the recipient variety, IR57514 .

3rd workshop

MAS Phase II


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MAS Phase II

4thworkshop (May 1 – 15, 2008)

  • Traits Validation

  • Grain quality: aroma, cooking quality

    • BC3F2

    • BC3F5

  • Submergence tolerance

    • BC3F4

    • BC3F5

  • Drought tolerance

    • BC3F4


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Traits Validation : Grain aroma and cooking quality in BC3F2 and BC3F5

Grain Quality

Grain aroma: sensory test

Amylose content: colorimetric methoddescribed by Julaino (1987)

Gel consistency: described by Tan et al. (1999)

Gelatinization temperature : Alkaline test (alkali spreading value ) as described by Little et al. (1958)


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FR13A

PPS

370 BC3F4

173 BC3F4

IR57514

KDML105

RD6

Traits Validation : Submergence tolerance (BC3F4 and BC3F5)

  • Data recording ;

    • Percent of plant survival (PPS)

    • Percent of plant elongation (PPE)

    • Leaf senescence

    • (Siangliw et al., 2003).

Location : Kasetsart University,

kampangsean campus,

Nakorn Pathom

Results

PPS, LS, PPE

56 BC3F5

20 BC3F5


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Submergence tolerance validation in 56 BC3F5 lines.


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Validation : Drought tolerance (BC3F4)

Experiment Design : Randomized Complete Block Design in CPA

Augmented Design in RGDU

Check varieties:IR57514  Tolerance check

KDML105, KD571-77  Susceptible check

Population size: 319 BC3F4 lines  Chumpae Rice Research Center

173 BC3F4 lines  Kasetsart University, Kampangsean campus

Data recording

 GY (Grain yield) PH (Plant height)

PN (Panicle number) TN (Tiller number)

FWD (Flowering date)


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Final Lines

Grain aroma and cooking quality testing (BC3F5 progeny)


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Final Lines

Submergence tolerance and drought tolerance validation


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Conclusion

  • We aimed to improve grain aroma and cooking quality of IR57514 using MAS.

  • 10 selected BC3F5 were finally selected for grain aroma and cooking quality traits based on genotype (MAS) and these lines were validated for grain quality, submergence tolerance and drought tolerance.

  • These selected lines will be on trial both in station and on farm in rice production areas in Mekong region.

  • Marker assisted selection (MAS) technology was an excellent tool for rice breeding program.

  • MAS technology jointly with classical breeding will increase the effectiveness and precision of selection process.

  • MAS will be shortening the breeding program and also reduce the cost of breeding program.

  • Breeding IR57514 for grain aroma and good cooking quality traits will greatly enhance both quality and productivity of rice in the rainfed lowland areas in Mekong region.


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Acknowledgments

Rice Gene Discovery Unit (RGDU)

National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC)

Generation Challenge Programe (GCP)


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