Mexico Linkage Institutions. By: Sheel Bhalani Thomas Darden Robby Pyles . Comparative Party Systems. Type of system: Multi -Party System Relationship to Legislature: 3 parties well represented in the Legislature
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Mexico Linkage Institutions
By: Sheel Bhalani
Both the Chamber and Senators are elected through a dual system of “first past the post” and proportional representation, and proportional representation came from a major reform law in 1986.
PAN Candidate, Vicente Fox, brought into presidency
PAN captured 208 of 500 deputies in the lower house (Chamber of Deputies)
PRI edged them out with 209 members
46 of 128 senators elected were from PAN, as opposed to 60 for PRI
Gridlock may be currently occurring because coalitions are forming on the left and right of the PRI
PAN’s Vicente Fox
PAN candidate Felipe Calderón (the victor) and PRD candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador were virtually tied for the lead, with PRI’s Roberto Madrazo trailing.
The official vote count put Claderón ahead by about 230,000 votes, out of 41.5 million votes (about ½ a % point)
Obrador challenged and demanded a national recount, but the election tribunal only did a recount for 9% of the precincts, and said that the result was still the same.
Throughout the recount disputes, Obrador encouraged his supporters to protest, and claimed to be the legitimate president
After the recount results, Obrador claimed the election was “stolen” by a broad conspiracy between business leaders and the government (something which seems possible due to Mexico’s election corruption history)
In Legislative Branch, PRI’s power weakened in both houses, as PAN received modest gains in the Chamber of Deputies, and PRD gained many seats in both houses.
PAN’s Felipe Calderoñ
PRD’s Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
PRI: Enrique Peña Nieta
PRD: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (or AMLO)
PAN: Josefina Vazquez Mota
The PRI has capitalized on a growing sense among voters that neither Pan nor PRD is any less corrupt than PRI, and many think the PRI is more able to deliver on political promises.
Nieta (PRI) wins 39%
Obrador (PRD) wins 25%
Vazquez Mota (PAN) wins 20%
PRI’s Nieta experiences victory
Riots Begin as Nieto Takes Office
Results of 2012 Election
Heavily armed gunmen in northern Mexico have stormed two bars, killing at least nine people.
“Police believe they were carried out by gangs fighting for control of drug trafficking in the Coahuila state.”
“Also, others bars were targeted in similar attacks in Torreon in the past few days.”
“The Mexican army has been at the forefront of the fight with drug cartels.”